Appendix B: The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada 2011 – Indicators of our health and factors influencing our health


Appendix B: Indicators of Our Health and Factors Influencing Our Health

Table B.1 Who we are
Who we are (million people) Year

Note: Italicized information denotes indicators that have not changed from the previous The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2010. Some data may not be comparable. More detailed information can be found in Appendix C: Definitions and Data Sources for Indicators.

* 'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.

Source: Statistics Canada.

Population (as of July 1, 2010) 34.1 2010
Aboriginal 1.17 2006
First Nations 0.70 2006
Inuit 0.05 2006
Métis 0.39 2006
Immigrant 6.2 2006
By birth place
Africa 0.37 2006
Asia and the Middle East 2.53 2006
Caribbean and Bermuda 0.32 2006
Central America 0.13 2006
Europe 2.28 2006
Oceania and other* 0.06 2006
South America 0.25 2006
United States of America 0.25 2006
By years since immigration
Recent (<= 10 years) 2.0 2006
Long-term (>10 years) 4.2 2006
Urban population 25.4 2006

 

Table B.2 Our health status
Our health status Year

* Denotes self-reported data

Note: Italicized information denotes indicators that have not changed from the previous The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2010. Some data may not be comparable. More detailed information can be found in Appendix C: Definitions and Data Sources for Indicators.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Society, Public Health Agency of Canada and Alzheimer Society of Canada.

Life expectancy and reported health
Life expectancy at birth (years of expected life) 80.7 2005-2007
Health-adjusted life expectancy at birth (years of expected healthy life) 69.6 2001
Infant mortality rate (under one year) (deaths per 1,000 live births) 5.1 2007
Perceived health, very good or excellent* (percent of population aged 12+ years) 60.5 2009
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent* (percent of population aged 12+ years) 73.9 2009
Leading causes of mortality (deaths per 100,000 population per year)
Circulatory diseases 212.1 2007
Cancers 211.3 2007
Respiratory diseases 62.3 2007
Causes of premature mortality, aged 0 to 74 years (potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year)
Cancers 1,517 2005-2007
Circulatory diseases 776 2005-2007
Unintentional injuries 602 2005-2007
Suicide and self-inflicted injuries 346 2005-2007
Respiratory diseases 174 2005-2007
HIV 40 2005-2007
Living with chronic diseases
Cancer incidence (new cases age-standardized per 100,000 population) 403 2010
Diabetes prevalence (percent of the population aged 1+ years) 6.2 2006-2007
Obesity (percent of the population aged 18+ years) 23.9 2007-2009
Arthritis* (percent of the population aged 14+ years) 15.2 2009
Asthma* (percent of the population aged 12+ years) 8.1 2009
Heart disease* (percent of the population aged 12+ years) 4.6 2009
High blood pressure* (percent of the population aged 20+ years) 19.9 2009
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease* (percent of the population aged 35+ years) 4.2 2009
Living with mental illness population aged 15+ years (percent)
Schizophrenia* 0.3 2005
Major depression* 4.8 2002
Alcohol dependence* 2.6 2002
Anxiety disorders* 5.2 2009
Alzheimer's and other dementias* (estimated percent of the population aged 65+ years) 8.9 2008
Acquiring infectious diseases
HIV (number of positive HIV tests) 2,417 2009
Chlamydia (new cases per 100,000 population annually) 258.5 2009
Gonorrhea (new cases per 100,000 population annually) 33.1 2009
Infectious syphilis (new cases per 100,000 population annually) 5.0 2009

 


Table B.3 Factors influencing our health
Factors influencing our health Year

* Denotes self-reported data

Note: Italicized information denotes indicators that have not changed from the previous The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2010. Some data may not be comparable. More detailed information can be found in Appendix C: Definitions and Data Sources for Indicators.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Health Canada, Environment Canada and Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.

Income (percent of the population, based on 1992 low income cut-off)
Persons living in low-income (after tax) 9.6 2009
Employment and working conditions, population aged 15+ years (percent)
Unemployment rate 8.0 2010
Food security, population aged 12+ years (percent)
People reporting food insecurity* 9.2 2004
Environment and housing
Ground-level ozone exposure (parts per billion [population weighted warm season average]) 37.5 2008
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure (micrograms per cubic metre [population weighted warm season average]) 8.1 2008
Core housing need* (percent of the households) 12.7 2006
Education and literacy, population aged 25+ years (percent)
High school graduates 82.8 2010
Some post-secondary education 63.5 2010
Post-secondary graduates 57.6 2010
Social support and connectedness
Sense of community belonging, somewhat or very strong* (percent of the population aged 12+ years) 65.4 2009
Violent crime incidents (per 100,000 population) 1,314 2009
Health behaviours
Current smoker* (percent of the population aged 15+ years) 17.5 2009
Engaged in leisure time physical activity, moderately active or active* (percent of the population aged 12+ years) 52.5 2009
Fruit and vegetable consumption (5+ times per day)* (percent of the population aged 12+ years) 45.6 2009
Heavy drinking (5+ drinks on one occasion at least once a month in the past year)* (percent of the population aged 12+ years) 17.2 2009
Illicit drug use in the past year* (percent of the population aged 25+ years) 11.4 2009
Teen pregnancy rate (pregnancy per 1,000 female population aged 15 to 19 years per year) 14.3 2008
Access to health care, population aged 12+ years (percent)
Regular family physician* 84.9 2009
Contact with dental professional* 72.0 2009

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