List A: List of certain antimicrobial active pharmaceutical ingredients

List A names certain antimicrobial active pharmaceutical ingredients that are important in human medicine. We have put a number of measures in place to help limit the development of resistance to these medically-important antimicrobials (MIAs). Learn more about List A.

Access archived versions of this list.

List A: List of certain antimicrobial active pharmaceutical ingredients
Drugs containing any of the following: Including
(but not limited to)
Effective Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)

Aminocyclitols

  • Apramycin
  • Hygromycin B
  • Spectinomycin
2017-11-13

Aminoglycosides

  • Amikacin
  • Arbekacin
  • Bekanamycin
  • Dibekacin
  • Dihydrostreptomycin
  • Framycetin
  • Gentamicin
  • Isepamicin
  • Kanamycin
  • Neomycin
  • Netilmicin
  • Paromomycin
  • Ribostamycin
  • Robostamycin
  • Sisomicin
  • Streptomycin
  • Tobramycin
2017-11-13

Beta-lactamase inhibitors

  • Avibactam
  • Clavulanic acid
  • Sulbactam
  • Tazobactam
  • Vaborbactam
2017-11-13

Carbapenems

  • Biapenem
  • Doripenem
  • Ertapenem
  • Faropenem
  • Imipenem
  • Meropenem
  • Panipenem
2017-11-13

Cephalosporins - first generation

  • Cefacetrile
  • Cefadroxil
  • Cefalonium
  • Cefaloridine
  • Cefazedone
  • Cefazolin
  • Cefradine (Cephradine)
  • Cefroxadine
  • Ceftezole
  • Cephalexin (Cefalexin)
  • Cephalothin (Cefalotin)
  • Cephapirin (Cefapirin, Cefapyrin)
2017-11-13

Cephalosporins - second generation

  • Cefaclor
  • Cefamandole
  • Cefatrizine
  • Cefbuperazone
  • Cefmetazole
  • Cefminox
  • Cefonicide
  • Ceforanide
  • Cefotetan
  • Cefotiam
  • Cefoxitin
  • Cefprozil
  • Cefsulodin
  • Cefuroxime
  • Lorcarbef (Loracarbef, Lorcacarbef)
2017-11-13

Cephalosporins - third generation

  • Cefcapene
  • Cefdinir
  • Cefditoren
  • Cefetamet
  • Cefixime
  • Cefmenoxime
  • Cefodizime
  • Cefoperazone
  • Cefoselis
  • Cefotaxime
  • Cefovecin
  • Cefpiramide
  • Cefpodoxime
  • Ceftazidime
  • Ceftibuten
  • Ceftiofur
  • Ceftizoxime
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Flomoxef
  • Latamoxef
2017-11-13

Cephalosporins - fourth generation

  • Cefepime
  • Cefozopran
  • Cefpirome
  • Cefquinome
2017-11-13

Cephalosporins - fifth generation

  • Ceftaroline
  • Ceftobiprole
  • Ceftolozane
2017-11-13

Coumarins

  • Novobiocin
2017-11-13

Diaminopyrimidines

  • Baquiloprim
  • Brodimoprim
  • Iclaprim
  • Ormetoprim
  • Tetroxoprim
  • Trimethoprim
2017-11-13

Fluoroquinolones

  • Besifloxacin
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Danofloxacin
  • Delafloxacin
  • Difloxacin
  • Enoxacin
  • Enrofloxacin
  • Finafloxacin
  • Gatifloxacin
  • Gemifloxacin
  • Grepafloxacin
  • Ibafloxacin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Lomefloxacin
  • Marbofloxacin
  • Moxifloxacin
  • Norfloxacin
  • Ofloxacin
  • Orbifloxacin
  • Pazufloxacin
  • Pefloxacin
  • Pradofloxacin
  • Prulifloxacin
  • Rufloxacin
  • Sitafloxacin
  • Sparfloxacin
  • Temafloxacin
  • Trovafloxacin (Alatrofloxacin)
2017-11-13

Fosfomycins

  • Fosfomycin
2017-11-13

Fusidic acid

  • Fusidic acid
2017-11-13

Glycopeptides

  • Avoparcin
  • Dalbavancin
  • Oritavancin
  • Teicoplanin
  • Telavancin
  • Vancomycin
2017-11-13

Glycylcylines

  • Tigecycline
2017-11-13

Ketolides

  • Telithromycin
2017-11-13

Lincosamides

  • Clindamycin
  • Lincomycin
  • Pirlimycin
2017-11-13

Lipopeptides

  • Daptomycin
2017-11-13

Macrocyclics

  • Fidaxomicin
2017-11-13

Macrolides

  • Azithromycin
  • Carbomycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Dirithromycin
  • Erythromycin
  • Flurithromycin
  • Gamithromycin
  • Josamycin
  • Kitasamycin
  • Midecamycin
  • Miocamycin
  • Mirosamycin
  • Oleandomycin
  • Rokitamycin
  • Roxithromycin
  • Solithromycin
  • Spiramycin
  • Terdecamycin
  • Tildipirosin
  • Tilmicosin
  • Troleandomycin
  • Tulathromycin
  • Tylosin
  • Tylvalosin
2017-11-13

Monobactams

  • Aztreonam
  • Carumonam
2017-11-13

Nitrofurans

  • Furaltadone
  • Furazolidone
  • Nifurtoinol
  • Nitrofural
  • Nitrofurantoin
2017-11-13

Nitroimidazoles

  • Benznidazole
  • Metronidazole
  • Ornidazole
  • Secnidazole
  • Tinidazole
2017-11-13

Orthosomycins

  • Avilamycin
2017-11-13

Oxazolidinones

  • Linezolid
  • Tedizolid
2017-11-13

Penicillins

  • Amoxicillin
  • Ampicillin
  • Aspoxicillin
  • Azidocillin
  • Azlocillin
  • Bacampicillin
  • Benzathine penicillin
  • Carbenicillin
  • Carindacillin
  • Clomethocillin (Nafcillin)
  • Cloxacillin
  • Dicloxacillin
  • Epicillin
  • Flucloxacillin
  • Hetacillin
  • Mecillinam
  • Metampicillin
  • Methicillin
  • Mezlocillin
  • Oxacillin
  • Penamecillin
  • Penethamate hydriodine
  • Penicillin G (Benzylpenicillin)
  • Penicillin V (Phenoxymethylpenicillin)
  • Pheneticillin
  • Piperacillin
  • Pivampicillin
  • Pivmicillam
  • Propicillin
  • Sulbenicillin
  • Sultamicillin
  • Talampicillin
  • Temocillin
  • Ticarcillin
  • Tobicillin
2017-11-13

Phenicols

  • Chloramphenicol
  • Florfenicol
  • Thiamphenicol
2017-11-13

Pleuromutilins

  • Retapamulin
  • Tiamulin
  • Valnemulin
2017-11-13

Polymyxins

  • Colistimethate
  • Colistin (Polymyxin E)
  • Polymyxin B
2017-11-13

Polypeptides

  • Bacitracin
  • Enramycin (Enduracidin)
  • Gramicidin
2017-11-13

Pseudomonic acids

  • Mupirocin
2017-11-13

Quinolones

  • Cinoxacin
  • Fleroxacin
  • Flumequin
  • Garenoxacin
  • Miloxacin
  • Nalidixic acid
  • Oxolinic acid
  • Ozenoxacin
  • Pipemidic acid
  • Piromidic acid
  • Rosoxacin
2017-11-13

Rifamycins

  • Rifabutin
  • Rifampin (Rifampicin)
  • Rifamycin
  • Rifapentine
  • Rifaximin
2017-11-13

Streptogramins

  • Dalfopristin
  • Pristinamycin
  • Quinupristin
  • Virginiamycin
2017-11-13

Sulphonamides

  • Formosulfathiazole
  • Ormosulfathiazole
  • Phthalylsulfathiazole
  • Sulfacetamide
  • Sulfachloropyridazine
  • Sulfadiazine
  • Sulfadimerazin
  • Sulfadimethoxine
  • Sulfadimidine
  • Sulfadoxine
  • Sulfafurazole
  • Sulfaguanidine
  • Sulfaisodimidine
  • Sulfalene
  • Sulfamazone
  • Sulfamerazine
  • Sulfamethazine
  • Sulfamethizole
  • Sulfamethoxazole
  • Sulfamethoxine
  • Sulfamethoxypyridazine
  • Sulfametomidine
  • Sulfametoxydiazine
  • Sulfametrole
  • Sulfamonomethoxine
  • Sulfamoxole
  • Sulfanilamide
  • Sulfaperin
  • Sulfaphenazole
  • Sulfapyridine
  • Sulfaquinoxaline
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Sulfathiazole
  • Sulfathiourea
  • Sulfisoxazole
  • Sulfonamide
2017-11-13

Tetracyclines

  • Chlortetracycline
  • Clomocycline
  • Demeclocycline
  • Doxycycline
  • Lymecycline
  • Metacycline
  • Minocycline
  • Oxytetracycline
  • Penimepicycline
  • Rolitetracycline
  • Tetracycline
2017-11-13

Therapeutic agents for tuberculosis

  • 4‐Aminosalicylic Acid (Para-aminosalicylic acid)
  • Bedaquiline
  • Calcium aminosalicylate
  • Capreomycin
  • Cycloserine
  • Ethambutol
  • Ethionamide
  • Isoniazid
  • Morinamide
  • Protionamide
  • Pyrazinamide
  • Terizidone
  • Tiocarlide
  • Viomycin
2017-11-13
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