Treatment of diseases caused by hantaviruses

Access information on how hantavirus infections are diagnosed and how they are treated.

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How are hantavirus infections diagnosed?

A hantavirus infection is diagnosed based on symptoms and laboratory testing.

History of contact with rodents can also be important. This information will indicate to your health care provider that you may have an infection associated with a rodent.

How are hantavirus infections treated?

Infection with a hantavirus can be fatal and there are currently no treatments available. Treatment is provided to improve a patient’s symptoms. Treatment options include:

  • supportive care
  • help to maintain oxygen levels
  • help to prevent dehydration (loss of body fluids)

About 40% of those diagnosed with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome will not recover from their illness. Depending on the virus, about 1% to 12% of those diagnosed with haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome will not recover.

Consult your health care provider as soon as possible if you have had contact with rodents and are feeling ill. The sooner you get treatment, the better your chances for recovery.

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