Prevention of hepatitis C

Learn how hepatitis C can be prevented.

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How can hepatitis C be prevented?

There is no vaccine to protect against hepatitis C.

However, you can reduce your risk of getting or spreading hepatitis C by:

  • avoiding sharing personal care items, such as:
    • razors
    • scissors
    • nail clippers
    • toothbrushes
  • never sharing needles or other drug-use paraphernalia
  • wearing latex gloves if you are likely to be in contact with someone else's blood
  • avoiding dental, medical or cosmetic work done with unsterilized needles or equipment, such as:
    • piercing
    • tattooing
    • acupuncture

If you have hepatitis C, you can help prevent the spread of the disease by:

  • not donating:
    • blood
    • tissue
    • semen
    • organs
  • covering open sores or breaks in your skin
  • making sure your drug use and/or sex partner(s) are tested for hepatitis C

Sexual activity

All sexual contact has some risk. You can reduce getting or spreading hepatitis C by practising safer sex. Safer sex, also known as safe sex, is more than just wearing the proper protection. It includes:


It is possible for a mother to pass hepatitis C to her baby.

Talk to your health care provider about being tested for all types of hepatitis if you:

  • are pregnant
  • plan to get pregnant


You can greatly reduce the risk of hepatitis C in the workplace by putting in place proper infection control practices.

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