Nipah virus: Causes

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Causes of Nipah virus

Nipah is a virus that naturally occurs in certain types of fruit bats, but can also cause severe disease in animals and humans.

How Nipah virus is spread

Nipah virus is spread through:

  • close contact with the body fluids and waste of infected people
  • eating food contaminated with the urine or saliva of infected fruit bats, such as:
    • raw dates
    • fresh fruit
    • palm juice
  • contact with infected animals, such as:
    • pigs
    • bats

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