Causes of non-polio enterovirus infections

Explore the causes of non-polio enterovirus infections, how they are spread and where they are found.

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What causes non-polio enterovirus infections?

There are more than 100 different types of non-polio enteroviruses that cause illness. These viruses are related to some common cold viruses.

The most common non-polio enteroviruses can cause:

  • hand, foot and mouth disease
  • conjunctivitis (pink eye)

Sometimes, non-polio enteroviruses can also cause diarrhea and breathing problems.

How are non-polio enteroviruses spread?

The viruses spread from person to person. You can get sick by:

  • coming into contact with an infected person's feces, such as when you change a baby's diaper
  • eating food or drinking water that is contaminated with infected feces
  • being around infected people
  • having someone cough or sneeze on you
  • touching a surface that has a virus on it, such as a doorknob
  • touching parts of your face after being exposed to a virus, such as your eyes and nose
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