Lyme disease surveillance in Canada: Preliminary Annual Infographic 2018
Organization: Health Canada
What is the risk?
- Lyme disease is the most frequently reported vector-borne disease in Canada.
- The greatest risk of acquiring Lyme disease occurs in regions where populations of ticks carrying the bacteria, Borellia burgdorferi, have become established.
Who’s at greater risk?
- Children aged 5-14 years
- Adults aged 60-74 years
- People with occupational and recreational exposures are at greater risk of acquiring Lyme disease
How to manage?
- Most cases of Lyme disease can be effectively treated with 2 to 4 weeks of antibiotics if diagnosed early.
Facts reported in 2018
Reported in 2018:
- 1,487 cases of Lyme disease were reported, of which, 71 % were confirmed cases and 29 % probable cases
- 58 % cases were males
- 42 % cases were females
Geographic distribution of reported cases
|Province||Number of reported Lyme disease cases|
|Prince Edward Island||1|
|Newfoundland & Labrador||2|
Cases reported by Alberta, Saskatchewan, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland & Labrador were travel−related only. 8 % of reported cases were likely infected during travel in the USA or Europe.
- 31 % of cases reported illness onset in July
- 95 % of the cases occurred from May through November
Public health recommendations: Tips to avoid tick bites
Protecting yourself when doing outdoor activity:
- cover exposed skin
- use insect repellent
- do a full-body check for ticks after each outdoor activity
- remove ticks using clean, fine-tipped tweezers
- Date modified: