Stroke in Canada
What is a stroke?
A stroke is a sudden loss of brain function caused by a sudden brain blood vessel blockage (ischemic stroke) or rupture (hemorrhagic stroke). Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke.
Who is affected?
- About 741,800 Canadian adults aged 20+ live with the effects of a stroke (2012/13), 365,000 men and 376,800 women.
- That's equivalent to the population of New Brunswick!
- One-quarter of Canadians living with stroke are under age 65
- Stroke prevalence rises sharply after age 55
What are the risks?
- Only 21% of Canadians are aware that high blood pressure is the strongest risk factor for a stroke
- Other risk factors include smoking, obesity, diabetes, high blood cholesterol, and atrial fibrillation (Afib)
How to prevent a stroke
- Keep blood pressure under control
- Maintain a healthy diet
- Be physically active
- Quit smoking
Every minute counts in a stroke emergency!
Survival and full recovery are possible if one acts… FAST
Learn the signs of a stroke
- FACE - is it drooping?
- ARMS - can you raise both?
- SPEECH - is it slurred or jumbled?
- TIME - to call 9-1-1 right away.
Act FAST because the quicker you act, the more of the person you save.
© Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, 2014
For more information
- Public Health Agency of Canada, using Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System data files contributed by provinces and territories, as of November 2015. Provincial/territorial health administrative databases include the health insurance registry, hospital discharge database and physician billing database.
- Heart and Stroke Foundation. Access to Stroke Care: The Critical First Hours. The Heart and Stroke Foundation 2015 Stroke Report.
This document was developed in collaboration with members of the Heart and Stroke Foundation Stroke Quality Advisory Committee.
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