Indigenous peoples and cultures

Learn about Canada’s three distinct groups of Indigenous peoples with unique histories, languages, cultural practices, and spiritual beliefs that are woven into the fabric of our country. More than 1.4 million people in Canada identify themselves as an Aboriginal person.


Services and information

First Nations

There are more than 600 First Nations communities in Canada, which represent more than 50 Nations and 50 Indigenous languages.


Learn about Canada’s Inuit living in Nunatsiavut (Labrador); Nunavik (Quebec); Nunavut; and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories – an area covering one-third of Canada's land mass – as well as Inuit living in urban centres.


Find out more about Métis communities in Canada and the Powley Decision.


Learn how the Government of Canada is building a renewed relationship with Indigenous peoples, based on recognition of rights, respect, cooperation and partnership.

Indigenous arts

Learn more about Indigenous arts in Canada and the Aboriginal Art Centre, responsible for the development and preservation of more than 4,000 works of art.

Indigenous history

Learn about the history of Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous contributions to the War of 1812, Reconciliation, the First Canadian Arctic Expedition and more.

Indigenous commemorative and awareness days

Discover the days, weeks and months that are celebrated in our country and around the world to commemorate and promote Aboriginal and Indigenous peoples.

Indigenous success stories

Learn about community-driven efforts to improve the lives of Indigenous and northern peoples and communities.


Learn more about funding programs designed to celebrate and strengthen the cultural distinctiveness of Indigenous peoples as an integral part of Canadian society.

Co-development of a National First Nations, Inuit and Métis Languages Act

How the Department of Canadian Heritage, the Assembly of First Nations, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and the Métis Nation are working collaboratively to preserve, promote and revitalize Indigenous languages.

Indigenous educational materials

Visit Kids’ Stop -- a fun zone for kids loaded with information about Indigenous history, culture and languages, games and stories and classroom resources for teachers.

Photo identification (Project Naming)

Share your knowledge! First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities are invited to enrich Canada’s historical records by engaging in the identification of photographs held at our National Archives.

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