Annex: Natural climate solutions

Nature-based solutions - such as planting trees and enhancing the natural ability of ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, wetlands, and agricultural lands to sequester and store carbon - can fight climate change as well as provide many co-benefits for nature and society. For example, beyond carbon sequestration, wetlands provide essential services such as controlling floods, recharging groundwater and maintaining stream flows, filtering pollutants, and reducing erosion. The Government of Canada has committed to protecting 25% of Canada’s land and oceans by 2025, and working toward 30% by 2030. These efforts will be grounded in science, Indigenous knowledge and local perspectives, and will continue to support partnerships with provinces and territories, municipalities and Indigenous communities across the country. The establishment of new Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas (IPCAs) and Indigenous Guardians programs will continue to be a key priority. By conserving, restoring and improving management practices in carbon-rich ecosystems, these actions will achieve important benefits for Canadians and nature, including building climate resilience and supporting mental health and well-being through increased access to nature. Moving forward, efforts will build on the solid expertise and partnerships to-date in managing and conserving Canada’s forests, ecosystems and agricultural lands.

Key measures to date

Key facts

A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy contains new measures for natural climate solutions

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