Annex: Reducing waste

The waste sector, which includes waste from homes, businesses, institutions and industry, accounts for about 3% of Canada’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Landfills are a significant source of methane emissions, and are responsible for nearly 70% of the sector’s GHG emissions. The approach to controlling methane emissions from landfills across Canada is uneven, with some provinces having landfill methane capture regulations that vary in stringency. There is an opportunity to do significantly more to capture methane emissions from landfills across Canada. Leading municipalities and private sector firms are recovering resources and energy from waste. Preventing and reducing the generation of waste, and recycling materials like plastics, reduces GHG emissions by conserving raw materials and reducing energy consumption. Diverting food waste and other biodegradable materials reduces landfill methane emissions, and generates renewable resources like compost, fertilizer, and clean renewable biogas. New actions by the federal government will focus on increasing waste prevention, reduction and diversion, and recovering resources and clean energy from waste and wastewater.

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A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy contains new measures for the waste sector

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