Infographic: Farm to Fork: FoodNet Canada 2016 Results

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Organization: Health Canada

Type : Infographie

ISBN: 978-0-660-28032-5

Date publiée 2019-05

Public health and food safety partners working together across the farm-to-fork continuum to identify the primary sources of major enteric pathogens that are contributing to human illness.

2016 Results

Most common pathogens:

Farm (manure samples)

  • Campylobacter in turkey (56-68%)
  • Campylobacter in feedlot beef (72%)
  • Salmonella in broiler chickens (25-57%; significant decrease seen since 2015)
  • Salmonella in swine (7-22%)


  • Shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) in irrigation canals (24-47%)
  • Also identified: Campylobacter and Salmonella in irrigation water (up to 22%)


  • Campylobacter in skinless chicken breasts (37-45%)
  • Salmonella in frozen raw breaded chicken products (25-36%)
  • Listeria monocytogenes in skinless chicken breast (14-33%) and ground pork (6-24%)

Percentages represent samples tested across sentinel sites

Human Cases

  • Campylobacter (35%)
  • Salmonella (32%)
  • Giardia (14%)
  • Of cases reported to FoodNet Canada of these pathogens, 22% were travel-acquired and 59% were acquired in Canada

Key highlights:

Poultry and poultry products are significant sources of both Campylobacter and Salmonella for humans. Other sources, such as irrigation water, may also cause human illness.

In produce, very few ready-to-eat slaws and vegetables were positive for pathogens of interest, suggesting a more limited contribution to human illness in Canada.

Although travel was an important factor (for 22% of reported illnesses), the majority of enteric illness was acquired in Canada.

Food safety risks for human illness vary across the country. Continued monitoring of emerging issues causing human illness, such as Listeria in ground beef and pork in small vs. large stores, is important.

About FoodNet Canada

Conducts surveillance to determine what foods and other sources are making Canadians ill

Determines significant risk factors for enteric illness

Accurately tracks disease rates and risks over time

Provides practical information to prioritize risks and assess the effectiveness of interventions

Examines regional differences to provide a better understanding of the human health risks, and their differences, across Canada

Figure 1: Provinces where the three FoodNet Canada sites are located

see description below
Text Description

A map showing the provinces and territories of Canada highlights the provinces where the three FoodNet Canada sites are located. The sentinel sites are located in British Columbia (Fraser Health Authority), Alberta (Calgary and Central Zone), and Ontario (Middlesex-London Health Unit).

FoodNet Canada’s email address is

Information about FoodNet Canada

Foodborne illnesses can be prevented by following safe food handling practices

Learn more about food safety

Cat.: HP40-220/2018E-PDF
ISBN: 978-0-660-27260-3
Pub.: 180169

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