Infographic: Farm to Fork: FoodNet Canada 2016 Results
Public health and food safety partners working together across the farm-to-fork continuum to identify the primary sources of major enteric pathogens that are contributing to human illness.
Most common pathogens:
Farm (manure samples)
- Campylobacter in turkey (56-68%)
- Campylobacter in feedlot beef (72%)
- Salmonella in broiler chickens (25-57%; significant decrease seen since 2015)
- Salmonella in swine (7-22%)
- Shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) in irrigation canals (24-47%)
- Also identified: Campylobacter and Salmonella in irrigation water (up to 22%)
- Campylobacter in skinless chicken breasts (37-45%)
- Salmonella in frozen raw breaded chicken products (25-36%)
- Listeria monocytogenes in skinless chicken breast (14-33%) and ground pork (6-24%)
Percentages represent samples tested across sentinel sites
- Campylobacter (35%)
- Salmonella (32%)
- Giardia (14%)
- Of cases reported to FoodNet Canada of these pathogens, 22% were travel-acquired and 59% were acquired in Canada
Poultry and poultry products are significant sources of both Campylobacter and Salmonella for humans. Other sources, such as irrigation water, may also cause human illness.
In produce, very few ready-to-eat slaws and vegetables were positive for pathogens of interest, suggesting a more limited contribution to human illness in Canada.
Although travel was an important factor (for 22% of reported illnesses), the majority of enteric illness was acquired in Canada.
Food safety risks for human illness vary across the country. Continued monitoring of emerging issues causing human illness, such as Listeria in ground beef and pork in small vs. large stores, is important.
About FoodNet Canada
Conducts surveillance to determine what foods and other sources are making Canadians ill
Determines significant risk factors for enteric illness
Accurately tracks disease rates and risks over time
Provides practical information to prioritize risks and assess the effectiveness of interventions
Examines regional differences to provide a better understanding of the human health risks, and their differences, across Canada
FoodNet Canada’s email address is phac-FoodNet.Canadaemail@example.com
Foodborne illnesses can be prevented by following safe food handling practices
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