Infographic: Farm to Fork: FoodNet Canada 2018 Results

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Organization: Health Canada

Type: Infographic

ISBN: 978-0-660-32676-4

Published: 2019-12

Public health and food safety partners working together across the farm-to-fork continuum to identify the primary sources of major enteric pathogens that are contributing to human illness.

2018 Results

Most Common Pathogens:

Farm (manure samples)

  • Campylobacter in swine (73–81%)
  • Campylobacter in turkey (35-79%)
  • Campylobacter in feedlot beef (77%)* (*significant increase from 2017)
  • Salmonella in turkey (56–82*%) (*significant increase from 2017)

Water

  • Shigatoxigenic E. coli (STEC) in irrigation water (4**-53%) (**significant decrease from 2017)
  • Also identified: Campylobacter and Salmonella in irrigation water (up to 16%)

Food

  • Campylobacter in skinless chicken breasts (26-54%)
  • Salmonella in frozen raw breaded chicken products (21-37*%) (*significant increase from 2017)
  • Listeria monocytogenes in frozen raw breaded chicken products (24-29%) and ground beef (17-26%)

Percentages represent samples tested across sentinel sites

Human Cases

  • Campylobacter (39%)
  • Salmonella (26%)
  • Giardia (14%)

Of cases reported to FoodNet Canada of these pathogens, 25% were travel-acquired and 59% were acquired in Canada

Key Highlights:

Poultry and poultry products are significant sources of both Campylobacter and Salmonella for humans. Other sources, such as irrigation water, may also cause human illness.

The first year of results from a two year targeted study found that 62% of bivalve molluscs sampled contained Vibrio spp. and 27% contained generic E. coli. As these products are typically consumed raw, this could pose a risk to consumers.

Although travel was an important factor (for 25% of reported illnesses), the majority of enteric illness was acquired in Canada.

Food safety risks for human illness vary across the country. Continued monitoring of emerging issues causing human illness, such as Listeria in pork sausages, chicken breast, and ground beef in independent vs. chain stores, is important.

About FoodNet Canada

Figure 1: Provinces where the three FoodNet Canada sites are located

see description below
Text Description

A map showing the provinces and territories of Canada highlights the provinces where the three FoodNet Canada sites are located. The sentinel sites are located in British Columbia (Fraser Health Authority), Alberta (Calgary and Central Zone), and Ontario (Middlesex-London Health Unit).

FoodNet Canada's email address is phac-FoodNet.Canada-aspc@phac-aspc.gc.ca

Find information about FoodNet Canada.

Foodborne illnesses can be prevented by following safe food handling practices

Learn more about food safety.

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