Indexing rate – Retired members – Pension

The indexing rate for 2019 is 2.2%.

The indexing of public service pension plan benefits is governed by two pieces of legislation; the Public Service Superannuation Act (PSSA) and the Supplementary Retirement Benefits Act (SRBA).

Pension increases for retired members and their survivors are calculated each year using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data published by Statistics Canada. In accordance with the SRBA, the increase is based on a comparison of the twelve-month average of the monthly CPI for the year just ended, to the twelve-month average of the monthly CPI for the previous year. The SRBA specifies that the twelve-month period from October 1 to September 30 is to be used to calculate the increase payable the following January. The index used for the calculation is the CPI for Canada for all items (not seasonally adjusted).

As an illustration, outlined below are the data used to calculate the 2019 pension increase.

Monthly evolution of the Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Month/Year CPISee table 1 note * % Month/Year CPISee table 1 note * %

Table 1 Notes

Table Note *

The Consumer Price Index, , Statistics Canada, Table 18-10-0004-01 Consumer Price Index, monthly, not seasonally adjusted.

Return to table note * referrer

129.1 130.9
128.6 131.3
128.4 130.8
129.5 131.7
129.7 132.5
129.9 132.9
130.4 133.3
130.5 133.4
130.4 133.6
130.4 134.3
130.5 134.2
130.8 133.7
Total 1,558.2 Total 1,592.6
Monthly Average 129.9 Monthly Average 132.7

The pension increase (indexing rate) for 2019 is the percentage increase in the monthly average CPI. This is calculated by subtracting the monthly average for the first period ( to ) from the average for the second period ( to ), then dividing this amount by the monthly average for the first period and finally multiplying it by 100, as follows:

132.7 − 129.9 = 2.8

(2.8 ÷ 129.9) × 100 = 2.2% (indexing rate for 2019)

It is important to note that the calculation of the increase payable each January does not include the monthly increases for the last three months of the previous year (October to December). These rates will be incorporated in the following year’s calculation.

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