Page 13 : Recommandations canadiennes sur les eaux domestiques recyclées destinées à alimenter les chasses d'eau des toilettes et des urinoirs

Bibliographie

Alberta Environment (2000) Guidelines for municipal wastewater irrigation. Municipal Program Development, Environmental Sciences Division, Environmental Service, Avril (Publication no T/528; ISBN 0-7785-1150-2). Disponible à : http://environment.gov.ab.ca/info/library/7268.pdf.

Anderson, J., Adin, A., Crook, J., Hultquist, R., Jimenez-Cisneros, B., Kennedy, W., Sheikh, B. et van der Merwe, B. (2001) Climbing the ladder: a step by step approach to international guidelines for water recycling. Water Sci. Technol., 43(10): 1-8.

Asano, T. (ed.) (1998) Wastewater reclamation and reuse. Technomic Publishing Co. Inc., Lancaster, PA. 1528 pp. (Water Quality Management Library Vol. 10).

Asano, T. et Cotruvo, J.A. (2004) Groundwater recharge with reclaimed municipal wastewater: health and regulatory considerations. Water Res., 38: 1941-1951.

ASPC (2005). Maladies à déclaration obligatoire en direct. Agence de la santé publique du Canada. Disponible à : http://dsol-smed.phac-aspc.gc.ca/dsol-smed/ndis/index_f.html

AWWA (1991) Guidance manual for compliance with the filtration and disinfection requirements for public works systems using surface water sources. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO.

Bahri, A. et Brissaud, F. (2003) Setting up microbiological water reuse guidelines for the Mediterranean. Mediterranean Network on Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse. Disponible à : www.medreunet. com/05ginfo/04_references.asp.

Bauman, L.C. et Stenstrom, M.K. (1990) Removal of organohalogen and organohalogen precursors in reclaimed wastewater. I. Water Res., 24: 949-955.

Bellar, T.A., Lichtenberg, J.J. et Kroner, R.C. (1974) The occurrence of organohalides in chlorinated drinking water. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 66(12): 703-706.

Birks, R., Colbourne, J., Hills, S. et Hobson, R. (2004) Microbiological water quality in a large in-building water recycling facility. Water Sci. Technol., 50(2): 165-172.

Blumenthal, U.J., Strauss, M., Mara, D.D. et Cairncross, S. (1989) Generalised model of the effect of different control measures in reducing health risks from waste reuse. Water Sci. Technol., 21: 567-577.

Blumenthal, U.J., Mara, D.D., Peasey, A., Ruiz-Palacios, G. et Stott, R. (2000) Guidelines for the microbiological quality of treated wastewater used in agriculture: recommendations for revising WHO guidelines. Bull. World Health Organ., 78(9): 1104-1116.

Brandes, O. et Ferguson, K. (2004) The future in every drop: The benefits, barriers, and practice of urban water demand management in Canada. POLIS Project on Ecological Governance, University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C. 65 pp.

Cassin, M.H., Lammerding, A.L., Todd, E.C.D., Ross, W. et McColl, R.S. (1998) Quantitative risk assessment for Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef hamburgers. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 41: 21-44.

CFPTEP/CCME (2002). De la source au robinet - L'approche à barrières multiples pour de l'eau potable saine, Comité fédéral-provincial-territorial sur l'eau potable et Conseil canadien des ministres de l'environnement, Santé Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Disponible à : www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/water-eau/tap-source-robinet/index_f.html

Chang, A.C., Pan, G., Page, A.L. et Asano, T. (2002) Developing human health-related chemical guidelines for reclaimed wastewater and sewage sludge applications in agriculture. Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, Suisse.

Chappell, C.L., Okhuysen, P.C., Sterling, C.R. et Dupont, H.L. (1996) Cryptosporidium parvum: intensity of infection and oocyst excretion patterns in healthy volunteers. J. Infect. Dis., 173(1): 232-236.

Charles, K. (2004) Risk assessment: a catchment management tool to promote the safe location of domestic sewage treatment systems. Présenté dans le cadre du River Symposium, 31 août-3 septembre 2004, Brisbane, Australie. Disponible à : www.waterquality.crc.org.au/Programs/program3D/YWSOTY/ywsoty.htm.

Chauret, C., Springthorpe, S. et Sattar, S. (1999) Fate of Cryptosporidium oocysts, Giardia cysts, and microbial indicators during wastewater treatment and anaerobic sludge digestion. Can. J. Microbiol., 45: 257-262.

Chu, W.H., Wang, J.Y. et Kao, C.M. (2003) A simplified risk-based approach for process screening in municipal wastewater reclamation and reuse. Water Sci. Technol., 47(1): 257-262.

Cloete, T.E., Rose, J., Nel, L.H. et Ford, T. (eds.) (2004) Microbial waterborne pathogens. IWA Publishing, London, U.K. 231 pp.

Cooper, W.J., Villate, J.T., Ott, E.M., Slifker, R. et Parsons, F.Z. (1983) Formation of organohalogen compounds in chlorinated secondary wastewater effluent. Dans : Water chlorination: Environmental impact and health effects. Vol. 4. R.L. Jolley, W.A. Brungs, J.A. Cotruvo, R.B. Cumming, J.S. Mattice et V.A. Jacobs (eds.). Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, MI. pp. 483-497.

CRCWQT (2003) Review of endocrine disruptors in the context of Australian drinking water. Cooperative Research Centre for Water Quality and Treatment, Adelaide, Australie. 40 pp. (Occasional Paper 7).

Crook, J. (1998) Findings of NRC report on the viability of augmenting drinking water supplies with reclaimed water. Dans : Water Reuse '98 Conference Proceedings. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO. pp. 291-305.

CSA (2006) CAN/CSA B128.1-F06/B128.2-F06, Conception et installation des réseaux d'eau non potable/Entretien et mise à l'essai à pied d'oeuvre des réseaux d'eau non potable. CSA International, Mississauga, Ontario, 44 pp.

Damstra, T., Barlow, S., Bergman, A., Kavlock, R. et Van Der Kraak, G. (eds.) (2002) Global assessment of the state of the science of endocrine disruptors. Programme international sur la sécurité des substances chimiques, Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, Suisse.

Devaux, I., Gerbaud, L., Planchon, C., Bontoux, J. et Glanddier, P.Y. (2001) Infectious risk associated with wastewater reuse: an epidemiological approach applied to the case of Clermont-Ferrand, France. Water Sci. Technol., 43(12): 53-60.

Diaper, C. (2004) Innovation in on-site domestic water management systems in Australia: a review of rainwater, greywater, stormwater and wastewater utilisation techniques. Australian Water Conservation and Reuse Research Program, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO MIT Technical Report 2004-073).

Diaper, C., Toifl, M. et Storey, M. (2008) Greywater technology testing protocol. Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. Disponible à : www.smartwater.com.au/projectdocs/project30/Greywater%20Technology%20Testing%20Protocol.pdf.

Dufour, A., Snozzi, M., Köster, W., Bartram, J., Ronchi, E. et Fewtrell, R. (eds.) (2003) Assessing microbial safety of drinking water. Improving approaches and methods. IWA Publishing, London, U.K., pour l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques et l'Organisation mondiale de la santé (WHO Drinking-water Quality Series).

Environnement Canada (2006) Atlantic Canada wastewater guidelines manual for collection, treatment, and disposal. Prepared by ABL Environmental Consultants Ltd. Disponible à : www.gov.ns.ca/nse/water/docs/AtlCanStdGuideSewage.pdf.

Environnement Canada (2009) Technologie résidentielle à faible consommation d'eau, Ottawa, Ontario. Disponible à : www.ec.gc.ca/water/fr/manage/effic/f_resid.htm. (consulté le 14 sept. 2009)

Eriksson, E., Auffarth, K., Henze, M. et Ledin, A. (2002) Characteristics of grey wastewater. Urban Water, 4: 85-104.

FAO/OMS (2003) Hazard characterization for pathogens in food and water - Guidelines. Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Rome, Italie, et 'Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genève, Suisse (Microbiological Risk Assessment Series No. 3).

FBR (2005) Greywater recycling planning fundamentals and operational information. 1e édition. Fachvereinigung Betriebs- und Regenwassernutzung e.V., Darmstadt, Allemagne (Information Sheet H 201).

Fujita, Y., Ding, W.-H. et Reinhard, M. (1996) Identification of wastewater dissolved organic carbon characteristics in reclaimed wastewater and recharged groundwater. Water Environ. Res., 68(5): 867-876.

Gale, P. (2001) A review: Developments in microbiological risk assessment for drinking water. J. Appl. Microbiol., 91: 191-205.

Garcia, A., Yanko, G. et Widmer, G. (2002) Giardia cysts in tertiary-treated wastewater effluents: are they infective? Water Environ. Res., 74: 541-544.

Gardner, E.A. (2003) Some examples of water recycling in Australian urban environments: a step towards environmental sustainability. Water Sci. Technol. Water Supply, 3(4): 21-31.

Gennaccaro, A., McLaughlin, M.R., Quintero-Betancourt, W., Huffman, D. et Rose, J.B. (2003) Infectious Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in final reclaimed effluent. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69(8): 4983-4984.

Gerba, C.P. et Rose, J.B. (2003) International guidelines for water recycling: microbiological considerations. Water Sci. Technol. Water Supply 3(4): 311-316.

Gerba, C.P., Wallis, C. et Melnick, J.L. (1975) Microbiological hazards of household toilets: droplet production and fate of residual organisms. Appl. Microbiol., 30(2): 229-237.

Gerba, C.P., Gramos, D.M. et Nwachuku, N. (2002) Comparative inactivation of enteroviruses and adenovirus 2 by UV light. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 68(10): 5167-5169.

Government of Alberta (1993) Alberta Regulation 119/93. Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act, Wastewater and Storm Drainage Regulation. Queen's Printer. Disponible à : www.qp.gov.ab.ca/documents/Regs/1993_119.cfm?frm_isbn=0779727231.

Government of British Columbia (1999) B.C. Regulation 129/99, depose le 23 avril 1999, en vigueur le 15 juillet 1999, O.C. 507/99. Environmental Management Act, Municipal Sewage Regulation (inclus les modifications jusqu'à B.C. Regulation 321/2004).

Haas, C.N. (2000) Epidemiology, microbiology, and risk assessment of waterborne pathogens including Cryptosporidium. J. Food Prot., 63(6): 827-831.

Haas, C.N., Rose, J.B. et Gerba, C.P. (1999) Quantitative microbial risk assessment. John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, NY. 449 pp.

Havelaar, A. et Melse, J.M. (2003) Quantifying public health risk in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality: a burden of disease approach. Rijkinstituut voor Volskgezondheid en Milieu, Bilthoven, Pays-Bas, (RIVM Report 734301022).

Ho, G., Dallas, S., Anda, M. et Mathew, K. (2001) On-site wastewater technologies in Australia. Water Sci. Technol., 44(6): 81-88.

Hovi, T., Stenvik, M. et Rosenlew, M. (1996) Relative abundance of enterovirus serotypes in sewage differs from that in patients: clinical and epidemiological implications. Epidemiol. Infect., 116: 91-97.

Howard, G., Pedley, S. et Tibatemwa, S. (2006) Quantitative microbial risk assessment to estimate health risks attributable to water supply: Can the technique be applied in developing countries with limited data? J. Water Health, 4(1): 49-65.

Hunter, P.R. (2003) Drinking water and diarrhoeal disease due to Escherichia coli. J. Water Health, 1(2): 65-71.

IOM (2002) Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef: review of a draft risk assessment. Institute of Medicine, National Academies of Science, Washington, DC.

Koivunen, J., Siitonen, A. et Heinonen-Tanski, H. (2003) Elimination of enteric bacteria in biological/chemical wastewater treatment and tertiary filtration units. Water Res., 37(3): 690-698.

Kolpin, D.W., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Thurman, E.M., Zaugg, S.D., Barber, L.B. et Buxton, H.B. (2002) Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: a national reconnaissance. Environ. Sci. Technol., 36(6): 1202-1211.

Krewski, D., Balbus, J., Butler-Jones, D., Haas, C.N., Isaac-Renton, J., Roberts, K.J. et Sinclair, M. (2004) Managing the microbiological risks of drinking water. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health A, 67: 1591-1617.

Krikelis, V., Spyrou, N., Makoulatos, P. et Serie, C. (1984) Seasonal distribution of enteroviruses and adenoviruses in domestic sewage. Can. J. Microbiol., 31: 24-25.

Law, I.B. (1996) Rouse Hill - Australia's first full scale domestic non-potable reuse application. Water Sci. Technol., 33(10-11): 71-78.

Lazarova, V., Hills, S. et Birks, R. (2003) Using recycled water for non-potable, urban uses: a review with particular reference to toilet flushing. Water Sci. Technol. Water Supply, 3(4): 69-77.

Lopman, B.A., Reacher, M.H., van Duijnhoven, Y., Hanon, F.-X., Brown, D. et Koopmans, M. (2003) Viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in Europe, 1995-2000. Emerg. Infect. Dis. (serial online) 9(1): 90-96. Disponible à : www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol9no1/02-0184.htm.

Loret, J.-F., Robert, S., Castel, N., Charles, P., Deveuguele, S. et Dumoutier, N. (2005) Application of quantitative microbiological risk assessment to drinking water production and distribution. The European Project "Microrisk." Dans : Water Quality and Technology Conference Proceedings, 6-10 novembre 2005, Québec, Québec. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO.

Marsalek, J., Schaefer, K., Exall, K., Brannen, L. et Aidun, B. (2002) Water reuse and recycling. Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Winnipeg, Manitoba. 39 pp. (CCME Linking Water Science to Policy Workshop Series Report No. 3).

Maunula, L., Miettinen, I. et von Bonsdorff, C.-H. (2005) Norovirus outbreaks from drinking water. Emerg. Infect. Dis. (serial online) 11(11): 1715-1721. Disponible à : www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol11no11/05-0487.htm.

Mons, M.N., van der Wielen, J.M.L., Sinclair, M.I., Hulshof, K.F.A.M., Dangendorf, F., Hunter, P.R. et Medema, G.J. (2005) Estimation of the consumption of cold tap water for microbiological risk assessment: an overview of studies and statistical analysis of data. Kiwa NV, Water Research, Nieuwegein, Pays-Bas (BTO 2005-032).

Murray, C.J.L. et Lopez, A.D. (eds.) (1996) The global burden of disease: a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from disease, injury and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020. World Health Organization/Harvard University Press (Global Burden of Disease and Injury Series, Vol. 1).

NHMRC/NRMMC (2004) Australian drinking water guidelines. National Health and Medical Research Council and Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, Australian Government.

Ni, C.H., Chen, J.N., Tsai, Y.C., Chen, T.K., Chen, W.B. et Chen, C.H. (2003) Recycling and reuse of wastewater from a new-developed community using sand filtration, ultrafiltration, and ozonation. J. Environ. Sci. Health A Toxicol. Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng., 38(10): 2339-2348.

NOWRA (2004) NOWRA Model Performance Code Committee - Code language draft 8 with appendices. National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, Inc., Santa Cruz, CA. Disponible à : www.nowra.org/?p=242.

NRMMC-EPHC (2006) Australian guidelines for water recycling: Managing health and environmental risks (Phase 1). Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council, Environment Protection and Heritage Council, Australian Health Ministers Conference, Adelaide, Australie. Disponible à : www.ephc.gov.au/taxonomy/term/39.

NSW (2005) Domestic greywater treatment systems accreditation guidelines. NSW Health Department, New South Wales Government, Sydney, Australie. Disponible à : www.health.nsw.gov.au/resources/publichealth/environment/water/pdf/greywater.pdf.

NSW (2008) Interim NSW guidelines for management of private recycled water schemes. Department of Water and Energy, New South Wales Government, Sydney, Australie.

Nwachuku, N., Gerba, C.P., Oswald, A. et Mashadi, F.D. (2005) Comparative inactivation of adenovirus serotypes by UV light disinfection. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 71(9): 5633-5636.

O'Connor, D.R. (2002). Première partie : Rapport de la commission d'enquête sur Walkerton : les événements de mai 2000 et les questions connexes, Ministère du Procureur général de l'Ontario.

Olivieri, A.W., Eisenberg, D.M., Soller, J.A., Suffet, I.H., Froines, J., Cooper, R.C. et Gagliardo, P.F. (1998) Comparative chemical risk assessment of repurified water from an advanced water treatment facility and a raw drinking water supply. Dans : Water Reuse '98 Conference Proceedings. American Water Works Association, Denver, CO. pp. 135-147.

Ongerth, J. et Khan, S. (2004) Drug residuals: how xenobiotics can affect water supply sources. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 96(5): 94-101.

OMS (2004). Directives de qualité de l'eau de boisson, troisième édition. V.1. Organisation mondiale de la santé, Genène, Suisse. 487 pp.

Ottosson, J. (2002) Faecal contamination of greywater - assessing the treatment required for hygienically safe reuse or discharge. Paper presented at the 2nd International Symposium on Ecological Sanitation, April 7-11, Lübeck, Allemagne. Disponible à : www.urbanwater.org/file/dyn/00000m/2700m/2721i/jacoblybeck.pdf.

Ottosson, J. et Stenstrom, T.A. (2003) Faecal contamination of greywater and associated microbial risks. Water Res., 37: 645-655.

Payment, P., Plante, R. et Cejka, P. (2001) Removal of indicator bacteria, human enteric viruses, Giardia cysts, and Cryptosporidium oocysts at a large wastewater primary treatment facility. Can. J. Microbiol., 47: 188-193.

Radcliffe, J.C. (2004) Water recycling in Australia - May 2004. Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Parkville, Victoria, Australie. Disponible à : www.atse.org.au/index.php?sectionid=597.

Rebhun, M., Heller-Grossman, L. et Manka, J. (1997) Formation of disinfection byproducts during chlorination of secondary effluent and renovated water. Water Environ., 69: 1154-1162.

Rook, J.J. (1974) Formation of haloforms during chlorination of natural waters. Proc. Soc. Water Treatment Exam., 23: 234-243.

Rose, J.B., Haas, C.N. et Regli, S. (1991) Risk assessment and control of waterborne giardiasis. Am. J. Public Health, 81(6): 709-713.

Rose, J.B., Dickson, L.J., Farrah, S.R. et Carnahan, R.P. (1996) Removal of pathogenic and indicator microorganisms by a full-scale water reclamation facility. Water Res., 30(11): 2785-2797.

Rose, J.B., Farrah, S., Harwood, V.J., Levine, A.D., Lukasik, J., Menendez, J. et Scott, T.M. (2004) Reduction of pathogens, indicator bacteria and alternative indicators by wastewater treatment and reclamation processes. Water Environment Research Foundation/International Water Association (Rapport final 00-PUM-2T).

Santé Canada (2004a). Recommandations pour la qualité de l'eau potable au Canada : documentation à l'appui - Les virus entériques, Bureau de la qualité de l'eau et de la santé, Direction générale de la santé environnementale et de la sécurité des consommateurs, Santé Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Disponible à : www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewhsemt/pubs/water-eau/enteric-enterovirus/index-fra.php

Santé Canada (2004b). Recommandations pour la qualité de l'eau potable au Canada : documentation à l'appui - Les protozoaires : la Giardia et le Cryptosporidium, Bureau de la qualité de l'eau et de la santé, Direction générale de la santé environnementale et de la sécurité des consommateurs, Santé Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Disponible à : www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/water-eau/protozoa/index-fra.php

Santé Canada (2006). Recommandations pour la qualité de l'eau potable au Canada : document technique - Les trihalométhanes. Bureau de la qualité de l'eau et de la santé, Direction générale de la santé environnementale et de la sécurité des consommateurs, Santé Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Disponible à : www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/watereau/trihalomethanes/index-fra.php

Schaub, S.A. et Oshiro, R.K. (2000) Public health concerns about caliciviruses as waterborne contaminants. J. Infect. Dis., 181(Suppl. 2): S374-S380.

SCHL (1997) Obstacles posés par la réglementation à la réutilisation de l'eau locale. Préparé par l'Association canadienne des eaux potables et usées pour la Société canadienne d'hypothèques et de logement. Société canadienne d'hypothèque et de logement, Ottawa, Ontario.

SCHL (2009) L'eau et le logement. Société canadienne d'hypothèque et de logement, Ottawa, Ontario. Disponible à : www.cmhc.ca/fr/prin/dedu/ealo/index.cfm (consulté le 14 sept. 2009)

Scott, T.T., McLaughlin, M.R., Harwood, V.J., Chicukula, V., Levine, A., Gennaccaro, A., Lucasik, J., Farrah, S.R. et Rose, J.B. (2003) Reduction of pathogens, indicator bacteria and alternative indicators by wastewater treatment and reclamation processes. Water Sci. Technol. Water Supply, 3(4): 247-252.

Snyder, S.A., Wert, E.C., Lei, H., Westernhoff, P. et Yoon, Y. (2007) Removal of EDCs and pharmaceuticals in drinking and reuse treatment processes. Awwa Research Foundation, Denver, CO.

Storey, M.V. et Ashbolt, N.J. (2003) A risk model for enteric virus accumulation and release from recycled water distribution pipe biofilms. Water Supply, 3(3): 93-100.

Strachan, N.J.C., Doyle, M.P., Kasuga, F., Rotariu, O. et Ogden, I.D. (2005) Dose response modelling of Escherichia coli O157 incorporating data from foodborne and environmental outbreaks. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 103: 35-47.

Teunis, P., Chappell, C.P. et Okhuysen, P.C. (2002) Cryptosporidium dose studies: variation between isolates. Risk Anal., 22(1): 175-183.

Teunis, P., Takumi, K. et Shinagawa, K. (2004) Dose-response for infection by Escherichia coli O157:H7 from outbreak data. Risk Anal., 24(2): 401-407.

Toze, S. (2004) Literature review on the fate of viruses and other pathogens and health risks in non-potable reuse of stormwater and reclaimed water. Australian Water Conservation and Reuse Research Program, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.

Trevett, A.F., Carter, R.C. et Tyrrel, S.F. (2005) The importance of domestic water quality management in the context of faecal-oral disease transmission. J. Water Health, 3: 259-270.

U.S. EPA (1999) Alternative disinfectants and oxidants guidance manual. Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (EPA 815-R-99-014).

U.S. EPA (2004) Guidelines for water reuse. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Disponible à : www.epa.gov/ttbnmrl/.

U.S. EPA (2005) Handbook for managing onsite and clustered (decentralized) wastewater treatment systems. Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Décembre (EPA No. 832-B-05-001). Disponible à : http://cfpub.epa.gov/owm/septic/septic.cfm?page_id=268.

U.S. EPA (2006a) National primary drinking water regulations: Long term 2 enhanced surface water treatment; final rule. Fed. Regist., 71(3): 707.

U.S. EPA (2006b) Ultraviolet disinfection guidance manual for the final Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule. Office of Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (EPA 815-R-06-007). Disponible à : http://epa.gov/ogwdw000/disinfection/lt2/pdfs/guide_lt2_uvguidance.pdf.

WC/DHWA/DEWA (2005) Code of practice for the reuse of greywater in Western Australia - January 2005. Water Corporation, Department of Health of Western Australia, Department of Environment of Western Australia. 52 pp.

Wells, M.J.M., Keith, L.H., Jones-Lepp, T. et Daughton, C. (2004) Environmental aspects of pharmaceuticals and personal care products. Symposia papers, American Chemical Society, August 22-26, 2004, Philadelphia, PA.

Westrell, T., Bergstedt, O., Stenstrom, T.A. et Ashbolt, N.J. (2003) A theoretical approach to assess microbial risks due to failures in drinking water systems. Int. J. Environ. Health Res., 13(2): 181-197.

Westrell, T., Schonning, C., Stenstrom, T.A. et Ashbolt, N.J. (2004a) QMRA (quantitative microbial risk assessment) and HACCP (hazard analysis and critical control points) for management of pathogens in wastewater and sewage sludge treatment and reuse. Water Sci. Technol., 50(2): 23-30.

Westrell, T., Andersson, Y. et Stenström, T.A. (2004b) Drinking water consumption patterns in Sweden. Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control.

Wyman, J.B., Heaton, K.W., Manning, A.P. et Wicks, A.C.B. (1978) Variability of colonic function in health subjects. Gut, 19: 146-150.

Yates, M. et Gerba, C. (1998) Microbial considerations in wastewater reclamation and reuse. In: Wastewater reclamation and reuse. T. Asano (ed.). Technomic Publishing Co., Lancaster, PA. pp. 437-487 (Water Quality Management Library Vol. 10).

Ying, G., Kookanai, R. et Waite, T.D. (2003) Endocrine disrupting chemicals and pharmaceutical and personal care products in reclaimed water in Australia. Australian Water Conservation and Reuse Research Program. 35 pp.

York, D.W. et Walker-Coleman, L. (2000) Pathogen standards for reclaimed water. Water Environ. Technol., 12(1): 58-61.

York, D.W., Walker-Coleman, L., Williams, L. et Menendez, P. (2003) Monitoring for protozoan pathogens in reclaimed water: Florida's requirements and experience. Report for "Use it again Florida!" Disponible à : www.dep.state.fl.us/water/reuse/docs/protozoan.pdf.

Signaler un problème ou une erreur sur cette page
Veuillez sélectionner toutes les cases qui s'appliquent :

Merci de votre aide!

Vous ne recevrez pas de réponse. Pour toute question, contactez-nous.

Date de modification :