DAOD 2015-1, DND/CF Airworthiness Program


1. Introduction

Date of Issue: 2007-06-29

Date of Last Modification: 2018-07-26

Application: This DAOD is a directive that applies to employees of the Department of National Defence (DND employees) and an order that applies to officers and non-commissioned members of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF members).

Approval Authority: Chief of the Air Force Staff (C Air Force)

Enquiries: Director Air Readiness (D Air Rdns)


2. Definitions

aeronautical product (produit aéronautique)

Any aircraft, aircraft engine, aircraft propeller or aircraft appliance or part or the component parts of any of those things, including any computer system or hardware. (Subsection 3(1) of the Aeronautics Act)

aircraft (aéronef)

Any machine capable of deriving support in the atmosphere from reactions of the air, and includes a rocket. (Subsection 3(1) of the Aeronautics Act)

airworthiness instrument (document de navigabilité)

A regulation, order, standard, guideline, code, and education and information campaign in respect of military aviation and airworthiness. (Defence Terminology Bank, record number 37325)

military aviation (aviation militaire)

The set of activities, services and facilities associated with the design, manufacture, materiel support, maintenance and operation of military aeronautical products; the operation and maintenance of aircraft operated by or on behalf of the military; and the operation and maintenance of aircraft operated by or on behalf of a visiting force while in domestic airspace.

Note – The term “visiting force” is defined in section 2 of the Visiting Forces Act. (Defence Terminology Bank, record number 37327)

3. Overview

Context

3.1 The Aeronautics Act applies to all aspects of military aviation, including the design, manufacture, maintenance, materiel support and operation of military aeronautical products, and the investigation of military aviation safety-related occurrences and issues.

3.2 Ensuring the airworthiness of military aeronautical products, including their operation, and establishing control over various facilities and services relating to military aviation, contribute significantly to the objective of military aviation safety.

Aim

3.3 The aim of the DND/CF Airworthiness Program is to ensure that an acceptable level of aviation safety is achieved and maintained for military aviation.

Objective

3.4 The DND/CF Airworthiness Program is intended to provide a framework for the regulation of military aviation.

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4. Operating Structure

Program Requirements

4.1 The DND/CF Airworthiness Program is established to:

  1. promote and support the objective of aviation safety;
  2. regulate activities associated with the design, manufacture, maintenance, materiel support and operation of military aeronautical products;
  3. ensure that airworthiness instruments for military aviation are established and issued by the appropriate authorities;
  4. ensure that only authorized individuals who are qualified and competent perform airworthiness-related activities;
  5. apply risk management principles to situations if the application of the Aeronautics Act and airworthiness instruments may impact military operations;
  6. investigate military aviation safety-related occurrences and issues, and formulate preventive measures;
  7. provide oversight of all airworthiness activities associated with military aviation; and
  8. regulate the provision of facilities and services necessary for the safe operation of military aeronautical products.

4.2 For additional detailed information on the DND/CF Airworthiness Program, see A-GA-005-000/AG-001, DND/CAF Airworthiness Program.

Airworthiness Authorities

4.3 Pursuant to the Ministerial Airworthiness Direction of 18 July 2005, the Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) may designate authorities for the DND/CF Airworthiness Program and delegate necessary powers, duties and functions. The following four designated authorities for the DND/CF Airworthiness Program have been established by CDS orders:

  1. Airworthiness Authority (AA);
  2. Operational AA (OAA);
  3. Technical AA (TAA); and
  4. Airworthiness Investigative Authority (AIA).

Medical Advisor

4.4 The person holding the position of medical adviser to the C Air Force has been designated as the “medical advisor” for the purpose of subsection 6.5(1) of the Aeronautics Act. This subsection requires that a medical advisor designated by the Minister of National Defence (MND) be informed of the medical or optometric condition of a person mentioned in that subsection if the condition is likely to constitute a hazard to aviation safety.

Special Advisors to AAs

4.5 Due to the specialized nature of aerospace medicine and engineering flight testing, which form an integral part of the DND/CF Airworthiness Program, the Aerospace Medical Authority (AMA) and the Flight Test Authority (FTA) act as special advisors to the AAs.

Program Governance

4.6 The DND/CF Airworthiness Program is governed by the following boards:

  1. the Airworthiness Advisory Board (AAB); and
  2. the Airworthiness Review Board (ARB).

Airworthiness Advisory Board

4.7 The AAB is chaired by the AA and is established to:

  1. assist the AA in the development of recommendations to the MND and the CDS on airworthiness matters related to military aviation;
  2. coordinate airworthiness requirements and objectives of the AA, OAA, TAA, AIA, AMA and FTA; and
  3. provide direction to appropriate individuals within the chain of command structure who have authority to implement necessary actions under the DND/CF Airworthiness Program.

4.8 Recommendations arising from the AAB must be actioned by the AA, OAA, TAA and AIA as AAs designated by the CDS or in their capacities as office holders in the DND and the CAF organizational structure. The AAB meets as required but no less than once per year.

Airworthiness Review Board

4.9 The ARB is co-chaired by the OAA and TAA, and is established to:

  1. manage the interface between the operational and technical airworthiness of each aircraft type;
  2. recommend the airworthiness clearance of new aircraft types to the AA and approve the airworthiness clearance of significantly modified aircraft types if required;
  3. conduct an annual review of the airworthiness clearance of all in-service aircraft types; and
  4. address observations and concerns raised by the AA, AIA, AMA or FTA.

4.10 The ARB normally meets on a semi-annual basis or as the situation requires.

5. Airworthiness Instruments

Issuance of Airworthiness Instruments and Compliance

5.1 Under the DND/CF Airworthiness Program, designated AAs may issue airworthiness instruments, other than regulations, for the:

  1. design, manufacture, maintenance, materiel support and operation of military aeronautical products;
  2. provision of facilities and services necessary for the safe operation of military aeronautical products, including air navigation systems and aerospace control;
  3. investigation of military aviation safety-related occurrences and issues; and
  4. training, qualification and authorization or licensing of personnel who perform airworthiness-related activities.

Compliance

5.2 The designated AAs and the special advisors must ensure that:

  1. only trained, qualified and authorized personnel perform airworthiness-related activities; and
  2. the Aeronautics Act and all applicable airworthiness instruments are followed.

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6. Consequences

Consequences of Non-Compliance

6.1 Non-compliance with this DAOD may have consequences for both the DND and the CAF as institutions, and for DND employees and CAF members as individuals. Suspected non-compliance will be investigated. The nature and severity of the consequences resulting from actual non-compliance will be commensurate with the circumstances of the non-compliance. Consequences of non-compliance may include one or more of the following:

  1. the ordering of the completion of appropriate learning, training or professional development;
  2. the entering of observations in individual performance evaluations;
  3. increased reporting and performance monitoring;
  4. the withdrawal of any authority provided under this DAOD to a DND employee or CAF member;
  5. the reporting of suspected offences to responsible law enforcement agencies;
  6. the liability of Her Majesty in right of Canada;
  7. the application of specific consequences as set out in applicable laws, codes of conduct, and DND and CAF policies and instructions; and
  8. other administrative or disciplinary action, or both.

Note – In respect of the compliance of DND employees, see the Treasury Board Framework for the Management of Compliance for additional information.

7. Responsibilities

Responsibility Table

7.1 The following table identifies the primary responsibilities for the DND/CF Airworthiness Program:

The ... is or are responsible for ...

AA (normally the officer holding the position of C Air Force)

  • supervising and managing the DND/CF Airworthiness Program;
  • ensuring adequate measures are in place to deal with and control situations of operational necessity, i.e. when mission success takes precedence over aviation safety; and
  • acting as chair of the AAB.

D Air Rdns

  • notifying C Air Force of any non-compliance with this DAOD.

OAA (normally the officer holding the position of Commander, 1 Canadian Air Division)

  • developing and implementing an operational airworthiness program to regulate, supervise and manage the operation of military aeronautical products;

  • acting as a co-chair of the ARB; and

  • acting as the operational member of the AAB.

TAA (normally the officer holding the position of Director General Aerospace Equipment Program Management)
  • developing and implementing a technical airworthiness program to regulate, supervise and manage the airworthiness related aspects of design, manufacture, maintenance and materiel support for military aeronautical products;
  • acting as a co-chair of the ARB; and
  • acting as the technical member of the AAB.

AIA (normally the officer holding the position of Director Flight Safety)

  • investigating military aviation safety-related occurrences and issues to determine their causes, identify any DND/CF Airworthiness Program deficiencies and make recommendations to prevent their recurrence;
  • coordinating investigations with the Transportation Safety Board as required under the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act;
  • monitoring, on behalf of the AA, the DND/CF Airworthiness Program, to ensure that an acceptable level of aviation safety is being maintained for military aviation;
  • providing input into ARB deliberations; and
  • acting as the airworthiness investigative member of the AAB.

AMA (normally the officer holding the position of medical advisor to the C Air Force)

  • acting as the medical adviser designated under subsection 6.5(1) of the Aeronautics Act;
  • assuming the role of authoritative leader for all activities associated with the aerospace medicine capabilities of the DND and the CAF;
  • representing the DND and the CAF at national and international levels for aeromedical issues;
  • supporting the designated AAs in respect of aerospace medicine;
  • providing input into ARB deliberations; and
  • acting as the airworthiness medical member of the AAB.

FTA (normally the officer holding the position of Commanding Officer, Aerospace Engineering Test Establishment)

  • ensuring the safe conduct of all military flight test activities;
  • overseeing flight testing conducted by other organizations on behalf of the DND and the CAF;
  • supporting the designated AAs in respect of flight testing and ground testing in support of flight test objectives for military registered or operated aeronautical products, as required;
  • carrying out other airworthiness-related functions assigned by the OAA, TAA or AIA;
  • providing airworthiness-related flight test input into ARB deliberations; and
  • acting as the flight test member of the AAB.

DND employees and CAF members

  • performing, on behalf of the designated AAs and special advisors, airworthiness-related duties and functions within the scope of assigned authority;
  • performing authorized airworthiness-related activities in accordance with applicable airworthiness instruments; and
  • acting as the procurement authority for any contract raised for the design, manufacture, maintenance or materiel support of a military aeronautical product, or for the supply of aviation services to the DND or to the CAF, must ensure that the contract includes an obligation to comply with the requirements of the DND/CF Airworthiness Program.

8. References

Acts, Regulations, Central Agency Policies and Policy DAOD

Other References

  • Ministerial Direction Regarding DND/CF Airworthiness Program, 16 September 1998
  • Ministerial Airworthiness Direction, 18 July 2005 Ministerial Medical Adviser Direction, 12 June 2006
  • CDS Operational Airworthiness Authority Order, 17 December 2013
  • CDS Technical Airworthiness Authority Order, 20 December 2005
  • CDS Orders of Delegation to the Airworthiness Investigative Authority, 28 July 2015
  • DM Approval of Technical Airworthiness Authority Designation, 15 October 2005
  • Flight Test Authority Designation, 9 January 2006
  • CDS Medical Adviser Designation, 17 July 2006
  • Designation of Aerospace Medical Authority, 8 September 2006
  • A-GA-005-000/AG-001, Department of National Defence/Canadian Forces Airworthiness Program
  • A-GA-135-001/AA-000, Flight Safety for the Canadian Armed Forces
  • B-GA-100-001/AA-000, National Defence Flying Orders, Flight Rules, Air Standards and Procedures
  • B-GA-104-000/FP-001, Operational Airworthiness Manual (OAM)
  • B-GA-164-000/AA-001, Aerospace Control Management Orders
  • B-GA-297-001/TS-000, Safety Orders for Canadian Forces Air Weapons Systems
  • C-05-005-001/AG-001, Technical Airworthiness Manual (TAM)
  • C-05-005-001/AG-002, Airworthiness Design Standards Manual (ADSM)
  • C-05-020-007/AM-000, Flight Test Orders for the Canadian Forces
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