Spending and human resources

Planned spending

Departmental spending trend graph

Budgetary planning summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (dollars)

Core Responsibilities and Internal Services 2015–16
Forecast spending
Main Estimates
Planned spending
Planned spending
Planned spending
Operations 1,009,082,883 852,760,671 1,035,400,224 752,722,921 752,722,921 759,571,058 771,658,649
Ready Forces 8,192,901,718 8,211,267,450 8,744,250,672 8,854,401,407 8,854,401,407 8,936,076,386 9,053,578,753
Defence Team 2,736,172,701 2,648,137,615 2,826,367,848 2,840,676,739 2,840,676,739 2,865,061,123 2,896,649,334
Future Force Design 724,915,227 738,965,956 734,343,092 788,242,040 788,242,040 834,546,932 842,046,649
Procurement of Capabilities 2,419,197,701 2,387,252,795 3,092,730,183 3,135,903,543 3,135,903,543 4,022,785,915 2,670,950,633
Sustainable Bases, Information Technology Systems and Infrastructure 3,074,297,471 3,132,838,103 3,473,710,922 3,373,341,311 3,373,341,311 3,318,980,379 3,178,869,655
Subtotal 18,156,567,701 17,971,222,590 19,906,802,941 19,745,287,961 19,745,287,961 20,737,021,793 19,413,753,673
Internal Services 509,505,542 634,930,939 607,421,424 632,291,994 632,291,994 636,396,708 643,024,471
Total 18,666,073,243 18,606,153,529 20,514,224,365 20,377,579,955 20,377,579,955 21,373,418,501 20,056,778,144


  1. Due to rounding, figures may not add up to totals shown.
  2. The increase in 2017-18 and future years compared to 2015-16 and 2016-17 is mainly due to an increase in capital and operating funding related to the Strong, Secured, Engaged: Canada’s defence policy, as well as an increase in funding related to military pay and recently signed collective agreements of the federal public administration.

Departmental Planned Spending for 2018-19 by Core Responsibility (dollars)

Planned human resources

The Regular Force strength is currently 1,200 personnel below the authorized 68,000 strength. Through recruiting efforts and a retention strategy, the CAF will continue to grow to its authorized strength. The 3,500 Regular Forces personnel increase announced in SSE will be attributed to specific Core Responsibilities at a later date ensuring a gradual and manageable growth of the workforce.

In order to meet the high ambition set out in SSE, we will hire an additional 1,150 defence civilians to strengthen our capabilities in the areas of intelligence, logistics, procurement and maintenance. These full-time equivalents will be attributed to specific Core Responsibilities at a later date.

Human resources planning summary for Core Responsibilities and Internal Services (full-time equivalents)

Core Responsibilities and Internal Services 2015–16
Actual full-time equivalents
Actual full-time equivalents
Forecast full-time equivalents
2018–19 Planned full-time equivalents 2019–20 Planned full-time equivalents 2020–21 Planned full-time equivalents
Operations N/A N/A N/A 2,477.12 2,492.60 2,508.08
Ready Forces N/A N/A N/A 44,055.17 44,339.40 44,623.63
Defence Team N/A N/A N/A 19,183.61 19,304.50 19,425.39
Future Force Design N/A N/A N/A 3,268.00 3,280.45 3,292.89
Procurement of Capabilities N/A N/A N/A 2,316.94 2,322.73 2,328.53
Sustainable Bases, Information Technology Systems and Infrastructure N/A N/A N/A 16,424.23 16,482.70 16,541.16
Subtotal N/A N/A N/A 87,725.07 88,222.38 88,719.68
Internal Services N/A N/A N/A 3,245.93 3,248.62 3,251.32
Total N/A N/A N/A 90,971.00 91,471.00 91,971.00

Note: The actual numbers for fiscal years 2015-16 and 2016-17 and the forecast for fiscal year 2017-18 cannot be reported as the reporting mechanism changed from the Program Alignment Architecture to the Departmental Results Framework in fiscal year 2018-19.

Total planned human resources – Reserve Force personnel

The Reserve Force is a unique and valued component of the CAF. It is divided into three distinct sub-components:

  • Primary Reserve;
  • Cadet Organization Administration and Training Service; and
  • Canadian Rangers.

The Primary Reserve is currently below the Government of Canada authorized strength due to unscheduled attrition and challenges in meeting recruiting quotas. A review of the Primary Reserve has been completed and areas for growth identified to increase its effective strength to 30,000 by 2024.

The Cadet Organization Administration and Training Service completed an organizational restructure and will be maintained at the current approved target of 8,000 personnel.

The Canadian Army (CA) conducted an initial review of the Canadian Rangers and identified a plan for potential growth over the next five years starting in fiscal year 2018-19. The Canadian Rangers are integral to northern surveillance and regularly provide support to ground search and rescue. They are Canada’s eyes and ears in the sparsely settled northern, coastal and isolated areas of Canada. In response to the Minister’s mandate letter, the CAF will continue to focus on surveillance and control of Canadian territory. This will include continuous review of the force structure of the Canadian Rangers as well as other capability enhancements.

The following table provides our total planned human resources for Reserve Force Personnel for the next three fiscal years, 2018-21.

2018-19 2019-20 2020-21
Primary Reserve 28,500 28,650 28,950
Cadet Organization Administration and Training Service 8,000 8,000 8,000
Canadian Rangers 5,000 5,000


Estimates by vote

For information on Defence’s organizational appropriations, consult the 2018–19 Main Estimates liv.

Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations

The Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations provides a general overview of the Department of National Defence’s operations. The forecast of financial information on expenses and revenues is prepared on an accrual accounting basis to strengthen accountability and to improve transparency and financial management.

Because the Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations is prepared on an accrual accounting basis, and the forecast and planned spending amounts presented in other sections of the Departmental Plan are prepared on an expenditure basis, amounts may differ.

A more detailed Future-Oriented Statement of Operations and associated notes, including a reconciliation of the net cost of operations to the requested authorities, are available on the Department of National Defence’s website lv.

Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations for the year ended March 31, 2019 (dollars)

Financial information 2017–18
Forecast results
Planned results
(2018–19 Planned results minus 2017–18 Forecast results)
Total expenses 21,478,001,000 21,392,063,000 (85,938,000)
Total revenues 431,987,000 486,235,000 54,248,000
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 21,046,014,000 20,905,828,000 (140,186,000)

Note: The overall planned results for 2018–19 were derived from the Draft Main Estimates only and do not include additional supplementary funding where the department has the ability to access funds for military operations (up to $520 million) and the Operating Budget Carry Forward (up to $392 million).

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