Appendix C: Detailed results skills development - Apprenticeship

Official title: Evaluation of the Labour Market Development Agreements

Table C1. Socio-demographic and labour market characteristics of Skills Development-Apprenticeship participants
Active claimants Former claimants
2003-2005 2013-2014 2003-2005 2013-2014
Number of observations 32,485 7,144 1,400 895
Gender
Male 93% 95% 83% 89%
Female 7% 5% 17% 8%
Age
Under 25 47% 15% 28% 18%
25 to 34 37% 57% 40% 54%
35 to 44 12% 21% 19% 20%
45 and over 5% 7% 12% 9%
Skills level related to National Occupation Code associated with  the last EI claim opened before Skills Development-Apprenticeship participation 1
Managerial 1% 0% 1% 2%
University 1% 0% 1% 1%
College or apprenticeship training 84% 90% 48% 70%
Secondary or occupational training 7% 3% 23% 12%
On-the-job training 8% 7% 27% 16%
Key labour market indicators in the year preceding the start of participation
Earnings2 $25,963 $33,2503 $18,388 $23,3453
Proportion employed 100% 100% 94% 97%
Proportion on EI 23% 39% 55% 49%
Proportion on SA 1% 2% 6% 4%

Proportions may not add up to 100% due to rounding

1 Skill level corresponds to the type and/or amount of training or education typically required to work in the last occupation participants had before opening the last EI claim they had before participating in EBSMs:

  • -Managerial: Management occupations
  • -University: Occupations usually requiring university education (in other words, University degree at the bachelor's, master's or doctorate level)
  • -College or apprenticeship training: Occupations usually requiring college or vocational education or apprenticeship training such as 2 to 3 years of post-secondary education at a community college, institute of technology or CEGEP or 2 to 5 years of apprenticeship training or 3 to 4 years of secondary school and more than 2 years of on-the-job training, specialized training courses or specific work experience and/or occupations with supervisory responsibilities and occupations with significant health and safety responsibilities, such as firefighters, police officers and registered nursing assistants.
  • - Secondary or occupational training: Occupations usually requiring secondary school and/or occupation-specific training such as one to four years of secondary school education or up to 2 years of on-the-job training specialized training courses or specific work experience.
  • -On-the-job training: On-the-job training is usually provided for occupations (in other words, short work demonstration or on-the-job training or no formal educational requirements).

2 Average earnings for all individuals included in the studies. The average was calculated including participants who reported $0 earnings during that year.

3 Earnings for 2013−2014 participants have been adjusted according to the Consumer Price Index (CPI), published by Statistics Canada, to the 2002 base year.

Table C2. Labour market outcomes for active claimants who started Skills Development-Apprenticeship in 2003/05
Average outcomes Pre-program period After the program start year
5 year pre 4 year pre 3 year pre 2 year pre 1 year pre Program start year 1 year 2 year 3 year 4year 5 year 6 year 7 year
Earnings including $01 $14,965 $17,821 $20,243 $23,379 $28,199 $27,097 $33,817 $40,107 $46,861 $51,817 $52,845 $55,112 $58,245
Earnings excluding $02 $15,956 $18,590 $20,946 $23,824 $28,271 $27,237 $34,373 $41,049 $48,513 $54,430 $56,128 $59,017 $62,665
Proportion employed 94% 96% 97% 98% 100% 100% 98% 98% 97% 95% 94% 93% 93%
Proportion on EI 20% 24% 28% 26% 26% 99% 69% 56% 41% 29% 28% 26% 23%
EI benefits $856 $997 $1,183 $1,134 $1,093 $3,754 $2,746 $2,321 $1,817 $1,474 $1,683 $1,607 $1,371
Number of weeks on EI 3.0 3.4 3.9 3.5 3.3 11.5 7.9 6.2 4.7 3.7 4.1 3.9 3.2
Proportion on SA 4% 3% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 2%
SA benefits $140 $114 $89 $72 $37 $21 $36 $44 $47 $57 $77 $76 $89
Dependence on income support 6% 6% 7% 6% 5% 15% 11% 8% 6% 5% 6% 6% 5%
Proportion self employed 8% 9% 10% 12% 16% 20% 22% 22% 23% 24% 25% 24% 24%

N= 25,445. Data exclude individuals with no Canada Revenue Agency data for the 5 years before participation.

1 Earnings outcome for all individuals covered by the study.

2 Earnings outcomes excluding individuals who reported no earnings in a given year.

Table C3. Labour market outcomes for former claimants who started Skills Development-Apprenticeship in 2003/05
Average outcomes Pre-program period After the program start year
5 year pre 4 year pre 3 year pre 2 year pre 1 year pre Program start year 1 year 2 year 3 year 4year 5 year 6 year 7 year
Earnings including $01 $14,885 $17,425 $18,662 $20,003 $18,997 $20,377 $25,333 $30,651 $35,146 $38,994 $39,253 $42,369 $43,400
Earnings excluding $02 $15,959 $18,314 $19,199 $20,947 $20,267 $21,363 $26,747 $32,408 $37,808 $42,692 $43,746 $47,541 $49,150
Proportion employed 93% 95% 97% 96% 94% 95% 95% 95% 93% 91% 90% 89% 88%
Proportion on EI 33% 39% 52% 54% 56% 50% 54% 54% 47% 43% 41% 39% 37%
EI benefits $1,501 $1,771 $2,455 $2,755 $3,260 $2,100 $2,701 $2,821 $2,600 $2,639 $3,098 $2,900 $2,762
Number of weeks on EI 6.1 7.9 9.2 9.8 11 7.5 9.2 9 7.9 7.5 8.3 7.5 6.4
Proportion on SA 9% 6% 6% 6% 6% 8% 6% 4% 4% 4% 6% 5% 5%
SA benefits $361 $250 $195 $193 $206 $265 $217 $189 $214 $206 $284 $302 $291
Dependence on income support 15% 14% 16% 18% 22% 17% 17% 15% 13% 13% 15% 14% 14%
Proportion self employed 10% 13% 12% 13% 14% 18% 19% 20% 22% 22% 23% 22% 24%

N= 1,240. Data exclude individuals with no Canada Revenue Agency data for the 5 years before participation

1 Earnings outcome for all individuals covered by the study.

2 Earnings outcomes excluding individuals who reported no earnings in a given year.

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