Appendix E: Detailed results Self-Employment

Official title: Evaluation of the Labour Market Development Agreements

Table E1. Socio-demographic and labour market characteristics of Self-Employment participants
Active claimants Former claimants
2002-2005 2007-2008 2002-2005 2007-2008
Number of observations 20,689 10,220 8,884 5,244
Gender
Male 58% 50% 50% 42%
Female 42% 49% 49% 58%
Age
Under 25 4% 4% 4% 3%
25 to 34 30% 30% 31% 33%
35 to 44 36% 32% 35% 33%
45 and over 30% 33% 30% 30%
Marital status
Married or common-law 58% 57% 54% 55%
Widow/ divorced or separated 14% 12% 14% 12%
Single 26% 27% 28% 27%
Missing data / Unknown 2% 4% 4% 5%
Skills level related to National Occupation Code associated with  the last EI claim opened before Self-Employment participation1
Managerial 12% 13% 9% 11%
University 14% 10% 15% 12%
College or apprenticeship training 37% 39% 32% 33%
Secondary or occupational training 28% 28% 31% 31%
On-the-job training 10% 10% 13% 13%
Key labour market indicators in the year preceding the start of participation
Earnings2 $27,719 $25,8013 $11,387 $11,6423
Proportion employed 98% 99% 79% 82%
Proportion on EI 46% 49% 73% 70%
Proportion on SA 3% 2% 9% 8%

Proportions may not add up to 100% due to rounding

1 Skill level corresponds to the type and/or amount of training or education typically required to work in the last occupation participants had before opening the last EI claim they had before participating in EBSMs:

  • -Managerial: Management occupations
  • -University: Occupations usually requiring university education (in other words, University degree at the bachelor's, master's or doctorate level)
  • -College or apprenticeship training: Occupations usually requiring college or vocational education or apprenticeship training such as 2 to 3 years of post-secondary education at a community college, institute of technology or CEGEP or 2 to 5 years of apprenticeship training or 3 to 4 years of secondary school and more than 2 years of on-the-job training, specialized training courses or specific work experience and/or occupations with supervisory responsibilities and occupations with significant health and safety responsibilities, such as firefighters, police officers and registered nursing assistants.
  • - Secondary or occupational training: Occupations usually requiring secondary school and/or occupation-specific training such as one to four years of secondary school education or up to 2 years of on-the-job training specialized training courses or specific work experience.
  • -On-the-job training: On-the-job training is usually provided for occupations (in other words, short work demonstration or on-the-job training or no formal educational requirements).

2 Average earnings for all individuals included in the studies. The average was calculated including participants who reported $0 earnings during that year.

3 Earnings for 2007-2008 participants have been adjusted by the Consumer Price Index published by Statistics Canada, using 2002 as the base year.

Table E2. Incremental impacts for Self-Employment - Active claimants
Indicators In-program period Post-program period Total in- and post-program
Program start year Additional year 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year Total post
Active claimants
2002-2005 Participants (n= 20,688)
Employment earnings ($) -9,256*** -13,863*** -11,041*** -9,331*** -8,376*** -7,449*** -6,870*** -43,066*** -66,184***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-12.4*** -29.1*** -21.9*** -17.4*** -15.2*** -13.7*** -12.3*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 3,642*** 1,489*** -1,304*** -1,036*** -809*** -774*** -712*** -4,635*** 496***
EI weeks (weeks) 9.6*** 3.7*** -4*** -3.1*** -2.3*** -2.1*** -1.9*** -13.4*** -0.1
SA benefits ($) -13 -52*** -19 -21 -45*** -40*** -41*** -167*** -232***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 24.2*** 22.5*** -5.2*** -4.9*** -3.6** -3.5** -3.3** n/a n/a
2007-2008 Participants (n=10,220)
Employment earnings ($) -10,325*** -14,571*** -11,412*** -9,929*** -9,375*** n/a n/a -30,708*** -55,590***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-12.8*** -28.7*** -22.7*** -18.3*** -16.1*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 2,463*** -999*** -2,038*** -1,473*** -1,172*** n/a n/a -4,682*** -3,218***
EI weeks (weeks) 5.7*** -3.2*** -5.7*** -4.0*** -3.1*** n/a n/a -12.7*** -10.3***
SA benefits ($) -1 -92*** -83*** -73*** -93*** n/a n/a -249*** -343***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 22.9*** 6.1*** -10.3*** -7.5*** -5.7*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
Sub-groups of active claimants
Youth (below 30 years old) – 2002-2005 participants (n=3,420)
Employment earnings ($) -7,781*** -11,955*** -9,609*** -8,685*** -7,985*** -7,313*** -7,148*** -40,741*** -60,477***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-11*** -29*** -20*** -18.2*** -16.1*** -14.4*** -12.9*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 3,192*** 881*** -1,529*** -1,199*** -913*** -787*** -832*** -5,259*** -1,187***
EI weeks (weeks) 8.8*** 2.1*** -4.6*** -3.4*** -2.4*** -2.1*** -2.2*** -14.8*** -3.9***
SA benefits ($) -3 -67*** -47** -44* -47** -38 -57** -233** -303**
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 24*** 19.9*** -6.7*** -5.6*** -3.6*** -3.3 -3.4*** n/a n/a
Older workers (55 years old and over) – 2002-2005 participants (n=1,480)
Employment earnings ($) -6,541*** -8,612*** -5,826*** -4,222*** -3,097*** -1,827*** -1,109 -16,081*** -31,234***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-9.6*** -20*** -13.8*** -9.2*** -7.6*** -5.2*** -0.3 n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 3,251*** 1,490*** -1,022*** -801*** -619*** -499*** -318** -3,259*** 1,482**
EI weeks (weeks) 8.5*** 3.8*** -3.2*** -2.5*** -1.7*** -1.4*** -0.6** -9.4*** 3
SA benefits ($) -87*** -61** -33 38 -29 -56* -56* -136 -283
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 18.7*** 18.3*** -5.1*** -3.8*** -3.9*** -3.2*** -2.3** n/a n/a
Long-tenured workers - 2007-2009 participants (n=6,352)
Employment earnings ($) -12,681*** -18,320*** -15,787*** -14,217*** -13,010*** n/a n/a -43,014*** -74,014***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-11.9*** -30.4*** -25.1*** -21.5*** -18.6*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 3,694*** 270*** -1,370*** -959*** -673*** n/a n/a -3,002*** 962***
EI weeks (weeks) 8.2*** 0.0*** -3.6*** -2.5*** -1.7*** n/a n/a -7.8*** 0.5***
SA benefits ($) -3 -49*** -54*** -43*** -61*** n/a n/a -158*** -210***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 25.4*** 14.9*** -6.0*** -4.5*** -3.2*** n/a n/a n/a n/a

Significance level *** 1%; ** 5%; * 10%

Table E3. Incremental impacts for Self-Employment - Former claimants
Indicators In-program period Post-program period Total in- and post-program
Program start year Additional year 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year Total post
Former claimants
2002-2005 Participants (n=8,882)
Employment earnings ($) -5,944*** -8,683*** -7,121*** -5,978*** -5,448*** -4,886*** -4,506*** -27,939*** -42,567***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-22.7*** -25.6*** -18.4*** -15*** -12*** -11*** -9.8*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 708*** -696*** -736*** -521*** -360*** -344*** -381*** -2,341*** -2,329***
EI weeks (weeks) 1.8*** -2.4*** -2.4*** -1.5*** -1*** -0.9*** -0.9*** -6.8*** -7.4***
SA benefits ($) -479*** -439*** -253*** -231*** -194*** -207*** -206*** -1,092*** -2,010***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 11.2*** -7.8*** -7.3*** -5.4*** -4*** -3.6*** -3.9*** n/a n/a
2007-2008 Participants (n=5,244)
Employment earnings ($) -7,220*** -9,766*** -7,610*** -6,655*** -6,904*** n/a n/a -21,162*** -38,155***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-23.0*** -26.0*** -18.3*** -14.9*** -13.1*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 698*** -1,004*** -1,163*** -689*** -551*** n/a n/a -2,403*** -2,709***
EI weeks (weeks) 1.8*** -3.0*** -3.4*** -1.9*** -1.4*** n/a n/a -6.7*** -7.9***
SA benefits ($) -478*** -508*** -364*** -365*** -314*** n/a n/a -1,042*** -2,028***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 11.2*** -8.7*** -9.8*** -6.9*** -5.6*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
Sub-groups of former claimants
Youth (below 30 years old) – 2002-2005 participants (n=1,528)
Employment earnings ($) -6,197*** -8,484*** -6,604*** -5,301*** -5,231*** -4,934*** -4,588*** -26,658*** -41,339***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-22.9*** -27.3*** -18.8*** -13.6*** -12*** -12.6*** -11.3*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 673*** -716*** -786*** -531*** -367*** -461*** -460*** -2,605*** -2,648***
EI weeks (weeks) 1.8*** -2.9*** -3*** -1.9*** -1.4*** -1.6*** -1.6*** -9.5*** -10.6***
SA benefits ($) -535*** -498*** -301*** -237*** -231*** -262*** -227*** -1,259*** -2,292***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 8.8*** -8.8*** -9*** -5.6*** -4*** -4*** -3.7*** n/a n/a
Older workers (55 years old and over) – 2002-2005 participants (n=616)
Employment earnings ($) -4,287*** -6,208*** -4,535*** -3,546*** -2,153*** -553 139 -10,647*** -21,142***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-19.8*** -19.3*** -10.7*** -8*** -2.6 0.1 0.8 n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 1,018*** -594*** -495*** -267** -138 -216* -3 -1,119*** -695
EI weeks (weeks) 1.5*** -2.3*** -1.8*** -0.9** -0.6 -0.7* -0.1 -4.2** -5**
SA benefits ($) -395*** -386*** -333*** -322*** -289*** -248*** -187*** -1,379*** -2,160***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 12*** -7.5*** -6.9*** -5.1*** -5.2*** -5.2*** -3.1*** n/a n/a
Long-tenured workers - 2007-2009 participants (n=1,835)
Employment earnings ($) -8,833*** -12,363*** -9,933*** -8,552*** -8,694*** n/a n/a -27,177*** -48,370***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-23.3*** -26.8*** -20.4*** -16.5*** -16.0*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 1,056*** -946*** -1,066*** -713*** -589*** n/a n/a -2,367*** -2,256***
EI weeks (weeks) 2.4*** -2.4*** -2.8*** -1.7*** -1.2*** n/a n/a -5.7*** -5.6***
SA benefits ($) -385*** -371*** -279*** -179*** -216*** n/a n/a -674*** -1,429***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 13.4*** -5.1*** -6.9*** -4.4*** -3.2*** n/a n/a n/a n/a

Significance level *** 1%; ** 5%; * 10%

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: