Appendix F: Detailed results Job Creation Partnerships

Official title: Evaluation of the Labour Market Development Agreements

Table F1 Socio-demographic and labour market characteristics of Job Creation Partnerships participants
Active claimants Former claimants
2002-2005 2007-2008 2002-2005 2007-2008
Number of observations 5,056 2,456 5,013 2,321
Gender
Male 51% 45% 55% 48%
Female 49% 55% 45% 52%
Age
Under 25 13% 11% 11% 8%
25 to 34 31% 25% 31% 28%
35 to 44 28% 24% 28% 25%
45 and over 28% 40% 29% 38%
Marital status
Married or common-law 48% 50% 42% 44%
Widow/ divorced or separated 11% 10% 14% 13%
Single 39% 38% 41% 38%
Missing data / Unknown 2% 3% 3% 5%
Skills level related to National Occupation Code associated with  the last EI claim opened before Job Creation Partnerships participation1
Managerial 6% 6% 5% 5%
University 9% 6% 8% 7%
College or apprenticeship training 25% 24% 25% 26%
Secondary or occupational training 34% 34% 34% 35%
On-the-job training 27% 31% 27% 28%
Key labour market indicators in the year preceding the start of participation
Earnings2 $15,733 $14,8333 $8,776 $7,8113
Proportion employed 97% 99% 82% 82%
Proportion on EI 58% 59% 70% 70%
Proportion on SA 7% 6% 16% 13%

Proportions may not add up to 100% due to rounding

1 Skill level corresponds to the type and/or amount of training or education typically required to work in the last occupation participants had before opening the last EI claim they had before participating in EBSMs:

  • -Managerial: Management occupations
  • -University: Occupations usually requiring university education (in other words, University degree at the bachelor's, master's or doctorate level)
  • -College or apprenticeship training: Occupations usually requiring college or vocational education or apprenticeship training such as 2 to 3 years of post-secondary education at a community college, institute of technology or CEGEP or 2 to 5 years of apprenticeship training or 3 to 4 years of secondary school and more than 2 years of on-the-job training, specialized training courses or specific work experience and/or occupations with supervisory responsibilities and occupations with significant health and safety responsibilities, such as firefighters, police officers and registered nursing assistants.
  • - Secondary or occupational training: Occupations usually requiring secondary school and/or occupation-specific training such as one to four years of secondary school education or up to 2 years of on-the-job training specialized training courses or specific work experience.
  • -On-the-job training: On-the-job training is usually provided for occupations (in other words, short work demonstration or on-the-job training or no formal educational requirements).

2 Average earnings for all individuals included in the studies. The average was calculated including participants who reported $0 earnings during that year.

3 Earnings for 2007-2008 participants have been adjusted by the Consumer Price Index published by Statistics Canada, using 2002 as the base year.

Table F2. Incremental impacts for Job Creation Partnerships - Active claimants
Indicators In-program period Post-program period Total in- and post-program
Program start year Additional year 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year Total post
Active claimants
2002-2005 Participants (n=5,055)
Employment earnings ($) -4,760*** -1,548*** 1,899*** 2,825*** 3,450*** 3,969*** 4,409*** 16,552*** 10,244***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 5.5*** 5.6*** 6*** 5.8*** 6.3*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 2,563*** 286*** -549*** -220*** -55 -14 -55 -893*** 1,956***
EI weeks (weeks) 6.1*** -0.3 -1.6*** -0.5*** -0.1 0.1 0 -2.1*** 3.6***
SA benefits ($) -59*** 10 -36 -50* -68*** -58*** -47 -258*** -308***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 16.6*** 3.1*** -3.1*** -1.7*** -1.2*** -1.1*** -0.8 n/a n/a
2007-2008 Participants (n=2,456)
Employment earnings ($) -4,541*** 59 1,427*** 1,286** 850 n/a n/a 3,537** -956
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 6.1*** 4.5*** 3.8*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 370*** -1,406*** -513*** -404*** -44 n/a n/a -961*** -1,997***
EI weeks (weeks) 2.8*** -3.5*** -0.8** -0.8** 0.3 n/a n/a -1.4 -2.1
SA benefits ($) -100*** -43 -104*** -78** -87** n/a n/a -269*** -412***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 8.6*** -7.4*** -2.4*** -2.0*** -0.9 n/a n/a n/a n/a
Sub-groups of active claimants
Youth (below 30 years old) – 2002-2005 participants (n=1,511)
Employment earnings ($) -4,169*** -863** 1,897*** 2,792*** 3,330*** 3,433*** 3,740*** 15,193*** 10,161***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 3.3*** 4.1*** 4.2*** 4.6*** 3.8*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 2,794*** 428*** -414*** 8 91 202* 187 73 3,295***
EI weeks (weeks) 6.9*** 0 -1.1*** 0.1 0.3 0.7** 0.6* 0.5 7.4***
SA benefits ($) 29 21 -36 -36 -50 -56 -35 -213 -163
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 19.7*** 3.2*** -3.2*** -1.3* -0.6 -0.7 0.1 n/a n/a
Older workers (55 years old and over) – 2002-2005 participants (n=347)
Employment earnings ($) -4,713*** -920 1,765** 2,980*** 3,234*** 4,424*** 4,385*** 16,788*** 11,154**
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 3.9* 5.5** 7.4*** 8.1*** 11.6*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 3,483*** 251 39 447* 1,023*** 758*** 877*** 3,144*** 6,878***
EI weeks (weeks) 10.7 *** 0.8 0.8 1.6 ** 2.9 *** 2** 2.4*** 9.7*** 21.1***
SA benefits ($) -70 -28 68 12 -30 21 -37 34 -65
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 23 *** 1.2 -0.3 0.8 3.6* -0.1 -0.8 n/a n/a
Long-tenured workers - 2007-2009 participants (n=872)
Employment earnings ($) -7,677*** -2,385*** 368 1,668* 947 n/a n/a 2,983 -7,079**
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 5.6*** 6.2*** 5.0*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 1,701*** -483*** -506*** -157 -70 n/a n/a -733** 485
EI weeks (weeks) 4.7*** -1.0* -1.0** -0.1 0.0 n/a n/a -1.0 2.8*
SA benefits ($) 33 127*** 61 -4 18 n/a n/a 75 234
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 14.6*** 0.4 -1.5 0.1 0.7 n/a n/a n/a n/a

Significance level *** 1%; ** 5%; * 10%

Table F3. Incremental impacts for Job Creation Partnerships - Former claimants
Indicators In-program period Post-program period Total in- and post-program
Program start year Additional year 1st year 2nd year 3rd year 4th year 5th year Total post
Former claimants
2002-2005 Participants (n=5,013)
Employment earnings ($) -2,242*** -631*** 869*** 821*** 1,151*** 942*** 1,008*** 4,790*** 1,917***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 4.9*** 4*** 4.8*** 4*** 3.8*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 183*** -240*** 44 284*** 144*** 276*** 258*** 1,006*** 949***
EI weeks (weeks) 0.2 -1*** 0.16 1*** 0.5*** 0.9*** 0.8*** 3.3*** 2.6***
SA benefits ($) -302*** -301*** -277*** -257*** -267*** -223*** -158*** -1,183*** -1,785***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 1.9*** -5.2*** -3.9*** -2*** -2.7*** -1.3*** -1.1*** n/a n/a
2007-2008 Participants (n=2,321)
Employment earnings ($) -3,760*** -1,962*** -715* -1,136** -1,073** n/a n/a -2,926** -8,650***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
-n/a n/a 2.1* 1.9* 1.6 n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) -9 -385*** 29 199* 112 n/a n/a 340 -54
EI weeks (weeks) 0.0 -0.7** 0.8** 0.9** 0.6* n/a n/a 2.3*** 1.6
SA benefits ($) -339*** -351*** -296*** -181*** -158*** n/a n/a -636*** -1,325***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 1.2 -6.3*** -3.3*** -2.1*** -2.0*** n/a n/a n/a n/a
Sub-groups of former claimants
Youth (below 30 years old) – 2002-2005 participants (n=1,383)
Employment earnings ($) -2,131*** -212 1,353*** 1,733*** 2,712*** 3,040*** 3,283*** 12,121*** 9,778***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 5*** 3.3*** 3.5*** 3.6*** 4*** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 226*** -126* 171** 412*** 154 378*** 282** 1,397*** 1,497***
EI weeks (weeks) 0.6** -0.7** 0.6** 1.4*** 0.5 1.1*** 0.7** 4.2*** 4.2***
SA benefits ($) -295*** -272*** -183*** -229*** -259*** -212*** -161** -1,044*** -1,610***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 2* -5.6*** -2.7*** -1.1 -2.6*** -0.7 -1 n/a n/a
Older workers (55 years old and over) – 2002-2005 participants (n=423)
Employment earnings ($) -2,184*** -679 334 1,002 1,873* 1,442 742 5,393 2,531
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 4.4* 5** 6.3** 5* 5.1** n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) -439** -665*** -273 -64 194 241 341 439 -666
EI weeks (weeks) -3*** -2.9*** -1.6** -1.1 -0.7 -1 -1.3* -5.6* -11.5***
SA benefits ($) -396*** -469*** -322*** -355*** -272*** -174* -92 -1,214*** -2,080***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) -1.9 -10.8*** -8.2*** -8*** -7.3*** -5.9*** -6.1*** n/a n/a
Long-tenured workers - 2007-2009 participants (n=532)
Employment earnings ($) -5,275*** -4,741*** -2,229*** -2,682*** -2,257** n/a n/a -7,168*** -17,184***
Incidence of employment
(percentage points)
n/a n/a 3.1 3.2 2.8 n/a n/a n/a n/a
EI benefits ($) 118 -108 39 667*** 497*** n/a n/a 1,204*** 1,214*
EI weeks (weeks) 0.6 0.1 0.7 2.4*** 2.1*** n/a n/a 5.2*** 5.9***
SA benefits ($) -212** -295*** -216** -158 -135 n/a n/a -508* -1,015***
Dependence on income support (percentage points) 5.4*** -2.2 -2.3 1.2 1.6 n/a n/a n/a n/a

Significance level *** 1%; ** 5%; * 10%

Table F4 Cost-benefit results from the social perspective for Job Creation Partnerships
Total costs and benefits over participation (1 to 2 years) and 6 years post-program Active claimants
(n=5,055)
Former claimants
(n=5,013)
Program cost -$9,834 -$10,141
Marginal social costs of public funds -$1,605 -$1,665
Employment earnings (including participant’s forgone earnings) $10,265 $1,348
Fringe benefit $1,540 $202
Net present value
(By how much do the benefits exceed the costs within 6 years after participation?)
$366 -$10,257
Cost-benefit ratio
(How much does it cost in EI part II funds to achieve $1 in benefit 6 years after participation?)
$1.00 Negative benefits
Payback period
(How many years after participation would it take for the benefits to recover the costs?)
5.9 years Benefits may never recover the cost
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