Evaluation summary: Pathways to Education
Evaluation summary: Pathways to Education [PDF - 274 KB]
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About the program
Pathways to Education is a charitable organization working with at-risk youth in low-income communities to improve their educational outcomes.
- Targeted early interventions can positively affect vulnerable populations
- A key component of the success of the Pathways model is the flexibility to adapt to local needs and conditions
- Early interventions with vulnerable populations can generate long-term net benefits with a high social rate of return, not just for individuals, but also for governments
After 20.8 years
- The discounted benefit to society is equal to the costs of the program
After 22.5 years
- Pathways to Education breaks even from a government perspective, with the discounted benefits of the program equalling the costs
After 25 years
- The discounted benefit of a student participating in Pathways is $7,490
- The social rate of return for a student’s participation in Pathways is 50.1 percent
Note: Does not include other potential societal gains related to improved social outcomes, such as reduced health spending and intergenerational effects.
Text description of Figure 1
The graph depicts the on-time graduation rates, before and after the Pathways program, by site, over 2015 to 2016. These results compare the 2015 to 2016 results of a Pathway site to the results in the year prior to the introduction of Pathways.
|Toronto (Lawerence Heights)||54||73|
|Toronto (Regent Park)||44||83|
|Toronto (Scarborough Village)||57||79|
Text description of Figure 2
The graph shows how costs and benefits of Pathways accrue to both individual participants and to governments, over the short- and long-term. From individuals’ perspective, short-term benefits such as education subsidies and improved skills/employability can offset short-term costs incurred due to participation. Long-term benefits for individuals consist of greater lifetime earnings and improved social outcomes. From the government’s perspective, short-term costs consist of program costs and costs of supporting higher levels of education. Benefits to the government begin in the medium-term and extend into the long-term, and include the following: increased tax revenues from greater lifetime earnings of participants; decreased outlay on Employment Insurance, Social Assistance etc. and a potential decrease in spending on social programs, such as justice and health of individuals.
|Governments||Cumulative impact, net present value (discounted at 3% per year)|
|Post-secondary tax credit||-$1,720|
|Social assistance and Employment Insurance||+$15,250|
|Increased government revenues||+$6,400|
|Total governments net benefit||+$2,010|
|Individual||Cumulative impact, net present value (discounted at 3% per year)|
|Reduced wages during studies||-$3,022|
|Post-secondary tax credits||+$1,430|
|Social assistance and Employment Insurance||-$12,710|
|Net post-studies earnings||+$22,140|
|Total individual net benefit||+$5,480|
- *Components may not add up to reported total due to rounding
- Chart source: ESDC staff estimates based on results found in Lavecchia et al. (2018). “Long Term Impacts of the Pathways Education Program” for ESDC.
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