Backgrounder: Information for EI claimants
Information for EI claimants
EI maternity benefits and leaves
The Employment Insurance (EI) program provides temporary income support to replace lost employment income to individuals who are off work due to pregnancy and childbirth, and caring for a newborn or newly adopted child.
- EI maternity benefits currently provide up to 15 weeks of benefits to EI-eligible birth mothers, including surrogates, related to childbearing and to support physical and/or emotional recovery during the weeks surrounding the birth. These benefits are currently payable as early as 8 weeks prior to the expected week of birth of the child.
As of December 3, 2017, pregnant workers will be able to claim the existing 15 weeks of EI maternity benefits as early as 12 weeks before the expected week of birth of the child, up from the current 8 weeks. This will provide pregnant workers with more flexibility to better take into account their personal, health and workplace circumstances when choosing when to begin receiving their maternity benefits.
Maternity benefits will continue to be paid at the current benefit rate of 55 percent of average weekly earnings, up to a maximum of $543 per week in 2017.
EI parental benefits and leaves
- EI parental benefits currently provide up to 35 weeks of support to EI-eligible parents (biological and adoptive parents) who leave the workforce to care for a newborn or newly adopted child. Parental benefits are offered per family and may be shared—they can be taken at the same time or separately by eligible parents. Benefits may be taken in the 52 weeks following the week of birth of the child or placement of a child for adoption. The benefit and corresponding leave under the Canada Labour Code are available to eligible opposite-sex and same-sex parents.
For children born or placed for adoption on or after December 3, 2017, claimants may choose the standard parental benefit, as originally provided in the Employment Insurance Act, or an extended parental benefit which provides a lower benefit rate over a longer duration (up to 18 months).
- Standard parental benefit:
Receiving EI parental benefits over a period of up to 12 months, at the current benefit rate of 55 percent of average weekly earnings, for up to 35 weeks, to a maximum of $543 per week in 2017.
These weeks of benefits are payable in the period that begins the week in which the child or children of the claimant are born or the child or children are placed with the claimant for the purpose of adoption, and end 52 weeks later.
- Extended parental benefits
Receiving EI parental benefits over a period of up to 18 months, at a lower benefit rate of 33 percent of average weekly earnings, for up to 61 weeks, to a maximum of $326 per week in 2017.
These weeks of benefits are payable in the period that begins the week in which the child or children of the claimant are born or the child or children are placed with the claimant for the purpose of adoption, and end 78 weeks later.
Parents will need to choose the same parental benefit (standard or extended) when applying for EI benefits and indicate how many weeks they each plan to take. Parents will be able to receive the benefits at the same time or separately. The choice of standard or extended benefits by the first claimant who completes the EI application’s selection (on a complete application) will be binding for the two claimants.
Once parental benefits have begun being paid on a claim, even as little as $1, the parent’s choice will be irrevocable and not subject to reconsideration or appeal under the Employment Insurance Act.
- Standard parental benefit:
Part III of the Canada Labour Code provides corresponding unpaid job-protected maternity and parental leaves for employees under federal jurisdiction. Corresponding changes were made to the Canada Labour Code to provide unpaid parental leave of up to 63 weeks and up to 78 weeks of unpaid leave combined with maternity and parental leaves. There are no changes to the job tenure or notification provisions related to these leaves for workers in federally regulated workplaces.
For employees working in provincial and territorial jurisdictions, employment standard protections for maternity and parental leaves and eligibility requirements vary.
Since 2006, the Québec Parental Insurance Plan offers maternity, parental, adoption and paternity benefits to residents of the province of Quebec. Accordingly, Quebec residents are not eligible for EI maternity or parental benefits. The Plan is the only federal–provincial agreement related to maternity and parental benefits currently in place.
EI caregiving benefits:
The EI program currently offers two caregiving benefits: the Parents of Critically Ill Children benefit, available to parents caring for a critically ill child; and the Compassionate Care benefit, available to individuals providing end-of-life care to a family member. As of December 3, 2017, there will be additional support for EI‑eligible caregivers who leave work to care for a family member: the Family Caregiver benefit for adults. The suite of caregiving benefits will be grouped into two categories: Family Caregiver benefits (for adults and children) and Compassionate Care benefits.
- Family Caregiver benefits
- Family Caregiver benefit for adults
Starting December 3, 2017, the new Family Caregiver benefit for adults announced in Budget 2017 will allow eligible Canadians to receive up to 15 weeks of benefits to provide care or support to an adult family member 18 years of age or older who is critically ill (i.e. whose life is at risk as a result of illness or injury and has experienced a significant change in their baseline state of health).
- Family Caregiver benefit for children
Up to 35 weeks of benefits will continue to be available while providing care or support to a child under 18 years of age who is critically ill (i.e. whose life is at risk as a result of illness or injury and who has experienced a significant change in their baseline state of health).
Starting December 3, 2017, this benefit, formerly known as the Parents of Critically Ill Children benefit, will be renamed the Family Caregiver benefit for children. Eligibility will be extended to any eligible family member providing care to the child, rather than being limited to parents. The definition of family member will be broadened to include relatives beyond the immediate family and individuals who are not relatives but are considered to be like family. For example, an aunt or uncle could be eligible to receive the benefit to provide care to a critically ill child. These changes were introduced to accommodate the needs of diverse family situations and provide enhanced flexibility and access to this benefit.
Medical doctors and nurse practitioners will be allowed to sign a medical certificate to certify that a child is critically ill, rather than only specialist medical doctors.
- Family Caregiver benefit for adults
Claimants can share these Family Caregiver benefits either concurrently or separately, and receive their benefits when most needed within a 52-week period.
- Compassionate Care benefit
The Compassionate Care benefit provides up to 26 weeks of benefits to individuals who are away from work to care for or support a family member who has a serious medical condition with a significant risk of death in the next 26 weeks.
If the health condition of the family member deteriorates, caregivers could combine the Family Caregiver benefit with the existing Compassionate Care benefit.
Effective December 3, 2017, a medical certificate signed by a medical doctor or nurse practitioner will be acceptable when applying for the Compassionate Care benefit.
Information for employers
Employers should be aware of the changes to EI benefits and corresponding leave provisions under Part III of the Canada Labour Code proposed in Budget 2017, as they may have an impact on their supplementary benefits to EI maternity, parental and caregiving benefits, also known as top-ups. All the EI benefits and Canada Labour Code changes, and complementary adjustments to the Employment Insurance Regulations, will be brought into effect on December 3, 2017. Employers should review the terms of any collective bargaining agreements, employment contracts and benefit plans they hold or administer, to assess any implications they may have for their organization and members.
EI Family Supplement
The EI Family Supplement provides additional income support to low-income families with children, while they are receiving EI benefits. To be eligible, EI claimants must have an annual family net income of less than or equal to $25,921, have one or more children under the age of 18, and receive the Canada Child Benefit.
Budget 2017 includes enhanced support through the EI Family Supplement so that low-income families would receive the Family Supplement top-up amount while they are receiving EI benefits, i.e. up to 18 months of combined maternity and parental benefits.
 Part III of the Canada Labour Code applies to about 904,000 employees (or 6 percent of all Canadian employees) working for 18,310 employers in industries such as banking, telecommunications, broadcasting and inter-provincial and international transportation (including air, rail, maritime, and trucking), as well as federal Crown corporations and certain activities on First Nations reserves.
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