Summary of Bill C-22: The Canada Disability Benefit Act

The following summary provides an overview of Bill C-22, the Canada Disability Benefit Act. This summary is not a legal document and is not intended for use in interpreting the Bill. Consult the full text of Bill C-22.

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On June 2, 2022, the Government introduced the Canada Disability Benefit Act (Bill C-22).


In Bill C-22, “Minister” means the Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Disability Inclusion.


The preamble notes that working-age persons with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty than other working-age Canadians. It notes that they often face barriers to employment. It also outlines Canada’s framework of laws to address the financial and social barriers that persons with disabilities face. This framework includes:

The preamble also notes that progress in reducing poverty helps Canada to:

To address the financial and social barriers that persons with disabilities face, the proposed act recognizes the importance of engaging with the disability community, in the spirit of “Nothing Without Us”.

The proposed act also recognizes importance of engaging with provincial and territorial governments when developing income supports and other services. They are important because they already provide many supports and services to persons with disabilities.

Purposes of the act

The purposes of the proposed act are to reduce poverty and support the financial security of working-age persons with disabilities.

Canada Disability Benefit

A person is eligible for the Canada Disability Benefit if they meet the criteria and conditions that will be set out in the regulations.


People applying for the Canada Disability Benefit must provide specific information in their application.

To administer and enforce the act, the proposed act allows the Minister to ask for and use an applicant’s Social Insurance Number.

To carry out the purposes of the act, the Minister may enter into agreements with any department or agency of the Government of Canada. The Minister may also enter into agreements with any department or agency of a province, with the approval of the Governor in Council.

The proposed act states that the benefit cannot be assigned, charged, attached or given as security. It is not subject to bankruptcy or insolvency laws. But it is subject to court orders, such as those under the Family Orders and Agreements Enforcement Assistance Act.

The Consolidated Revenue Fund will be the source of all benefits payable under this proposed act.


The Governor in Council may make regulations across a range of matters relating to the Canada Disability Benefit. This includes:

Parliamentary review

Parliament will review the act, as soon as possible once this section has been in force for 3 years, and every 5 years after that.

Consequential amendment to the Income Tax Act

Amends paragraph 241(4)(d) of the Income Tax Act by adding a subsection after subparagraph (vii.5) about providing taxpayer information to an official.

Coming into force

An order by the Governor in Council will set the date that the act comes into force.

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