Summary of Bill C-22: The Canada Disability Benefit Act
The following summary provides an overview of Bill C-22, the Canada Disability Benefit Act. This summary is not a legal document and is not intended for use in interpreting the Bill. Consult the full text of Bill C-22.
On this page
- Purposes of the act
- Canada disability benefit
- Parliamentary review
- Consequential amendment to the Income Tax Act
- Coming into force
On June 2, 2022, the Government introduced the Canada Disability Benefit Act (Bill C-22).
In Bill C-22, “Minister” means the Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Disability Inclusion.
The preamble notes that working-age persons with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty than other working-age Canadians. It notes that they often face barriers to employment. It also outlines Canada’s framework of laws to address the financial and social barriers that persons with disabilities face. This framework includes:
- the Accessible Canada Act
- the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
- the Poverty Reduction Act
The preamble also notes that progress in reducing poverty helps Canada to:
- realize international obligations under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and
- reach the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals
To address the financial and social barriers that persons with disabilities face, the proposed act recognizes the importance of engaging with the disability community, in the spirit of “Nothing Without Us”.
The proposed act also recognizes importance of engaging with provincial and territorial governments when developing income supports and other services. They are important because they already provide many supports and services to persons with disabilities.
Purposes of the act
The purposes of the proposed act are to reduce poverty and support the financial security of working-age persons with disabilities.
Canada Disability Benefit
A person is eligible for the Canada Disability Benefit if they meet the criteria and conditions that will be set out in the regulations.
People applying for the Canada Disability Benefit must provide specific information in their application.
To administer and enforce the act, the proposed act allows the Minister to ask for and use an applicant’s Social Insurance Number.
To carry out the purposes of the act, the Minister may enter into agreements with any department or agency of the Government of Canada. The Minister may also enter into agreements with any department or agency of a province, with the approval of the Governor in Council.
The proposed act states that the benefit cannot be assigned, charged, attached or given as security. It is not subject to bankruptcy or insolvency laws. But it is subject to court orders, such as those under the Family Orders and Agreements Enforcement Assistance Act.
The Consolidated Revenue Fund will be the source of all benefits payable under this proposed act.
The Governor in Council may make regulations across a range of matters relating to the Canada Disability Benefit. This includes:
- establishing eligibility criteria
- establishing the benefit amount, including how it is indexed to inflation
- related to applications
- respecting the appeal process, and reviewing or reconsidering the decisions made under the act
- concerning retroactive payments to persons who do not apply in the time specified but meet the eligibility criteria
- applications, payments and appeals made on behalf of persons who are incapable of managing their own affairs
- cases where applicant or beneficiary dies
- allowing the Minister to fix administrative errors
- recovery of overpayments and debts
- establishing offences (for knowingly using false information or making misleading representations, for example, in applying for a benefit) and administrative penalties, such as a fine
Parliament will review the act, as soon as possible once this section has been in force for 3 years, and every 5 years after that.
Consequential amendment to the Income Tax Act
Amends paragraph 241(4)(d) of the Income Tax Act by adding a subsection after subparagraph (vii.5) about providing taxpayer information to an official.
Coming into force
An order by the Governor in Council will set the date that the act comes into force.
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