Scope of application - Canada labour Code, part III - Section 1-802-1-IPG- 101

Disclaimer: This page has been prepared for reference only.

Effective date: September 1, 2019

Note: Pursuant to the Interpretation Act, in the following text, words importing male persons include female persons.

Guideline

1. Subject

This IPG outlines the scope of application of certain new hours of work provisions from September 1, 2019 until the coming into force of related regulations. The Regulations will either exempt classes of employees from certain hours of work provisions or will modify the provisions for the purpose of application to certain classes of employees. The purpose of this IPG is to outline the scope of application of sections 169.1, 169.2, 173.01, 173.1 in Division I of Part III (Labour Standards) of the Canada Labour Code (Code) to certain classes of employees, listed in the Schedule, in various industrial sectors.

2. Issue

The following hours of work provisions have been added to Part III of the Canada Labour Code:

  • breaks – 169.1
  • rest periods – 169.2
  • notice of hours of work –173.01
  • shift changes – 173.1

These changes took effect on September 1, 2019. It is necessary to provide a consistent interpretation of the scope of application of certain new hours of work provisions effective September 1, 2019 until the coming into force of new and amended hours of work regulations. For this purpose, the following 3 questions will be addressed:

  • what is the scope of application of the above noted new hours of work provisions?
  • which classes of employees are subject to this interpretation?
  • how will non-monetary complaints pertaining to one of the four above-mentioned sections be handled by the Labour Program until the regulations come into force?

3. Interpretation

The policy intent of the new hours of work provisions is that they:

  • be applied in conjunction with regulatory exemptions for classes of employees to which the provisions cannot reasonably be applied
  • be modified, by way of regulation, where their application would be unduly prejudicial to the interests of certain classes of employees or seriously detrimental to the operation of the industrial establishment

In light of this policy intent, as of September 1, 2019, and until related exemption or modification regulations are in place, employers may carry on business as usual with respect to the job titles in continuous operations and associated provisions identified in the Schedule. The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is for reference purposes only. This interpretation is limited to the following provisions:

  • breaks – 169.1
  • rest periods – 169.2
  • notice of hours of work –173.01
  • shift changes – 173.1

In order to facilitate the application of this interpretation, the job titles and associated provisions have been listed in the Schedule by industrial sector:

  • road transportation
  • rail
  • marine transportation
  • longshoring
  • air transportation and airports
  • telecommunications
  • couriers
  • broadcasting, and
  • grain elevators and millers

This interpretation is not designed to deny employees their right to file a complaint. Any employee who is of the view that their employer has contravened the Code may file a complaint with the Labour Program. When a complaint related to one or more hours of work provisions and a job title identified in the Schedule is received, the Labour Program will investigate. The inspector will determine whether the complaint is founded and may issue an Assurance of Voluntary Compliance (AVC). The Labour Program will work with the employer while the progress continues on the development of hours of work exemption and modification regulations.

4. Disclosure

This interpretation applies exclusively to the specific job titles listed in the Schedule. This interpretation is in not a guarantee that the same classes of employees will be the subject of exemption or modification regulations. The regulatory process is independent of this IPG.

Once the new regulation comes into force, this IPG will no longer be in effect.

5. Schedule - Job titles subject to IPG 101

*The schedule indicates whether an exception was granted.

Road transportation
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Route driver
  • Delivery driver
  • Courier service driver
  • Delivery driver – parcels
  • Delivery truck driver
  • Messenger
No No Yes Yes 1513
  • Freight checker
  • Freight receiver
  • Freight shipper
  • Receiver
  • Shipper
  • Shipper-receiver
No No Yes Yes 1521
  • Armored car driver
  • Armored car guard
  • Crew chief
  • Guard
No No Yes No 6541
  • Material handler
  • Truck loader
  • Warehouseperson
  • Dockman – truck transport
No No Yes Yes 7452
  • Bulk goods truck driver
  • Flatbed truck driver
  • Heavy truck driver
  • Highway driver
  • Long haul truck driver
  • Tractor-trailer truck driver
  • Transport driver
  • Truck driver
  • Freight truck driver
No Yes Yes Yes 7511
  • Articulated bus operator
  • Bus driver
  • Bus driver – special needs passengers
  • Bus operator
  • Bus operator – accessible services
  • Urban driver
  • Public passenger transit driver
  • Transit operator – transportation
Yes No No No 7512
  • Delivery driver
  • Courier driver
No No Yes Yes 7514
Longshoring
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Utility courier
  • Relief staff
No No Yes Yes 1511
  • Courier
  • Courier service delivery person
  • Courier service parcels deliverer
  • Runner – courier service
No No Yes Yes 1513
  • Warehouse employee – sortation on air ramps
No No Yes Yes n/a
  • Courier service driver
  • Delivery driver
  • Delivery truck driver
  • Linehaul drivers
  • Feeder drivers
  • Package car drivers
No No Yes Yes 7514
Longshoring
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • All job titles in this NOC – Longshore workers
Yes Yes Yes Yes 7451
Marine
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Chief engineer - water transport
  • Engineer officer - water transport
  • Fourth engineer - water transport
  • Marine engineer officer
  • Second engineer
  • Third engineer - water
  • Transport, tugboat engineer
Yes Yes Yes Yes 2274
  • Boat dispatcher
  • Tugboat dispatcher
  • Water service dispatcher
Yes Yes No No 1525
  • Barge captain
  • Barge operator
  • Cable ferry deckhand
  • Cable ferry operator
  • Charter boat captain
  • Charter boat master
  • Charter boat operator
  • Ferry operator
  • Motor boat operator
  • Power cable ferry operator
  • Reaction ferry operator
  • Scow captain
  • Scow operator
  • Small craft operator
  • Workboat operator
Yes Yes Yes Yes 7533
  • Marine Personnel Regulations - On Ship Employees
Yes Yes Yes Yes n/a
  • All job titles in this NOC
Yes Yes Yes Yes 2273
  • All job titles in this NOC
Yes Yes Yes Yes 7532
Telecommunications
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Electronics engineering technologist
  • Fiber optics technician
  • Fiber optics technologist
  • Electrical technician
  • Communications technologist
  • Radio frequency technologist
No Yes Yes No 2241 
  • Computer network technician
  • Web site administrator
No Yes Yes No 2281
  • Technical support analyst – systems
  • User support technician
No Yes Yes No 2282
  • Business office service representative – telecommunications
  • Complaints clerk – customer service
  • Client service clerk
No Yes No No 6552
  • Electrician (except industrial and power system)
No Yes Yes No 7241
  • Communication line technician
  • Access technician – telecommunication
No Yes Yes No 7245
  • Telecommunications equipment technician
  • Installation and repair technician – telecommunications
No Yes Yes No 7246
  • Cable television installer
  • Cable television maintenance technician
No Yes Yes No 7247
  • Electrical mechanic
  • Switchgear repair electrical mechanic
No Yes Yes No 7333
Broadcasting
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Anchor
  • News reporter
  • News writer
  • News editor
  • Photojournalist
  • Video journalist
No Yes Yes No 5123
  • Camera operator – news
  • Electronic news gathering camera operator
  • Electronic field production camera operator
No Yes Yes No 5222
  • Broadcast technician – news
  • Broadcast transmitter operator – news
  • Broadcasting switcher - news
  • Master control room (MCR) equipment operator – broadcasting – news
  • Mobile broadcasting equipment operator – news
  • Regional transmitter technician- news
  • Short-wave receiving station technician – news
  • Video transmission operator – news
  • Engineering technician - news
No Yes Yes No 5224
  • Electronic news gathering (ENG) editor
  • Public address (P.A.) system operator- news
  • Audio operator- news
  • Sound engineer - news
No Yes Yes No 5225 
  • Lighting technicians
No Yes Yes No 5226
  • News reader
  • Radio host - news
No Yes Yes No 5231
Grains elevators and millers
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Assistant grain elevator manager
  • Country grain elevator agent
  • Grain elevator agent
  • Primary grain elevator agent
  • Country grain elevator operator
  • Grain elevator operator
  • Primary grain elevator operator
No No Yes No 6221
  • Grain elevator maintenance mechanic
No No Yes No 7311
  • Cribber
  • Grain elevator
  • Grain conveyor operator
  • Grain handler
  • Grain weigher
No No Yes No 7452
  • Grain cleaner-dryer
  • Grain cooker
  • Grain meal processor
  • Grain miller
  • Grain roaster
  • Grain sample miller
  • Grain-cleaning machine operator
  • Grain-processing machine operator
No No Yes No 9461
  • Shipper and receiver (grain)
No No Yes No 1521
  • Ship supply clerk (grain)
No No Yes No 1524
  • Agronomist (sales)
No No Yes No 2123
  • Grain inspection supervisor
  • grain inspector
  • Seed crop inspector
  • Seed grains inspector
No No Yes No 2222
  • Electrical technician (grain elevators)
No No Yes No 2241
Air transportation
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Flight scheduler- aeronautics
  • Flight crew scheduler
  • Flight operating agents
Yes No Yes Yes 1526
  • Aircraft maintenance engineer (AME) – avionics
  • Avionics maintenance technician
Yes No Yes Yes 2244
  • Air pilot
  • Helicopter pilot
Yes No Yes Yes 2271
  • Flight dispatcher
  • Air traffic controller
Yes No Yes No 2272
  • flight attendant
Yes No Yes Yes 6522
  • Customer sales agent – airline
  • Customer service agent – airline
  • Load control agent- airline
  • Airline cargo agent
  • Passenger service agent- airline
  • Certified load control agent
Yes No Yes Yes 6523
  • Aircraft maintenance engineer (AME) (except avionics)
  • Aircraft mechanic
  • Aircraft maintenance mechanic;
  • Aircraft technicians
Yes No Yes Yes 7315
  • Ramp agent – air transport
  • Ramp attendant – air transport
  • Ramp station attendant- air transport
  • Aircraft refuelers
  • Baggage loader- air transport
  • Turn around crew
  • Baggage service agent - air transport
  • Ground service equipment mechanic
  • Cargo attendant - air transport;
  • Aircraft groomer
Yes No Yes Yes 7534
  • Food and beverage services attendant
Yes No Yes Yes 6711
Airports
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Airfield operations and emergency response specialist
  • Airfield operations specialist with emergency response responsibilities
Yes Yes Yes Yes 2272
  • Airport fire department chief
Yes Yes Yes Yes 0432
  • Airport firefighter
Yes Yes Yes Yes 4312
  • Heavy duty mechanics for maintenance and repair of emergency or snow removal vehicles at airports
Yes Yes Yes Yes 7312 
Rail
Job title 30 minutes break 8 hour rest period 24 hour notice of shift change 96 hour notice of schedule NOC
  • Service employees on board trains
  • Service manager
  • Service coordinator
  • Assistant service coordinator
  • Activity coordinator
  • Learning coordinator
  • Senior service attendant
Yes Yes Yes No n/a
  • Signal and communications coordinator - railway
Yes Yes Yes No n/a
  • Intermodal clerk - railway
Yes Yes Yes No n/a
  • Welder inspector - railway
Yes Yes Yes No n/a
  • Crew dispatcher - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 1526
  • Signal engineer - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 2133
  • Railway technician
Yes Yes Yes No 2231
  • Rail traffic controller
Yes Yes Yes No 2275
  • Railway police constable
  • Railway police officer
  • Railway police sergeant – all except commissioned
Yes Yes Yes No 4311
  • Locomotive fireman
Yes Yes Yes No 4312
  • Onboard railway cook
Yes Yes Yes No 6322
  • Train baggageman
Yes Yes Yes No 6721
  • Welder foreman - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7201
  • Tinsmith - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7233
  • Steel bridge worker - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7235
  • Flash butt welder – railway
  • Thermite welder – railway
  • Welder - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7237
  • Electrician -  railway
  • Railway signal maintainer
Yes Yes Yes No 7242
  • Plumber - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7251
  • Pipefitter - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7252
  • Carpenter - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7271
  • Brick and stone mason - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7281
  • Lead mechanic - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7301
  • Railway gang foreman;
  • Railway track maintenance foreman;
  • Freight loading foreman - railway;
  • Loading dock foreman – railway.
Yes Yes Yes No 7302
  • Mechanic - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7312
  • Rail car mechanic
Yes Yes Yes No 7314
  • Locomotive engineer – railway
  • Hostler - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7361
  • Conductor – railway yard
  • Brakeman - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7362
  • Crane operator - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7371
  • Driller – railway
  • Blaster - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7372
  • Railway car loader/unloader
Yes Yes Yes No 7452
  • Heavy equipment operator
Yes Yes Yes No 7521
  • Yardman
  • Yardman - railway
  • Car retarder operator
  • Switchtender
Yes Yes Yes No 7531 running trades
  • Yardmaster - railway
  • Assistant yardmaster - railway
  • Yard foreman - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7304
  • Railway trackman
  • Railway track maintenance worker
  • Snowplow operator – railway
  • Extra gang labourer - railway
  • Machine operator – railway
  • Grinder operator – railway
  • Locomotive attendant
  • Railway equipment operator
  • Trackmobile operator – railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7531 non-running trades
  • Bridge labourer - railway
  • Bridge gang worker – railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7611
  • Track greaser – railway
  • Rail lubricator
  • Signal and communications worker – railway
Yes Yes Yes No 7622
  • Painter - railway
Yes Yes Yes No 9536
Disclaimer: This page has been prepared for reference only.

Effective date: September 1, 2019

Note: Pursuant to the Interpretation Act, in the following text, words importing male persons include female persons.

Guideline

1. Subject

This IPG aims to interpret the scope of section 169.1 under Division I of Part III of the Canada Labour Code (Code) and to clarify the associated expression "break of at least 30 minutes during every period of 5 consecutive hours of work".

2. Point

The following provision has been added to Part III of the Canada Labour Code:

  • break - 169.1

This amendment took effect on September 1, 2019. It is necessary to ensure a consistent interpretation and application nationwide of the expression "break of at least 30 minutes during every period of 5 consecutive hours of work". To that end, the following questions will be addressed:

  • what is meant by the expression "break of at least 30 minutes during every period of 5 consecutive hours of work"?
  • how does that expression apply to different work periods?

3. Interpretation

"Break" means a short period of time during the work period when an employee is released from his obligations to the employer (or is not under the control of the employer) and may freely attend to personal matters in or near his work place.

"Consecutive hours" refers to hours that follow one another without interruption.

The Code provides at least one break every 5 consecutive hours of work, of a minimum duration of 30 minutes. Essentially, the break must be taken before the 5 hours are up (4.5 hours of work and 30-minute break). Thus, the break cannot be split (for example into two 15-minute breaks). 

Every employee is entitled to 30-minute breaks, except those who are excluded from the Code's hours of work provisions, namely employees who are directors or heads, or exercise management functions, or architects, dentists, engineers, lawyers and medical doctors.

Generally, the 30-minute break cannot be postponed or cancelled, even if the employee specifically requests it. However, the Code provides for an exception that enables the employer to postpone an employee's break. That exception only applies when the employee is required to work to deal with a situation that the employer could not have reasonably foreseen and that presents or could reasonably be expected to present an imminent or serious threat under paragraphs 169.1(2)(a), (b) or (c). To ensure that the exception is applicable, the employer must conduct the test in IPG 091 to 094. If the exception is determined not to be applicable, the employer may not request that the employee work during his 30-minute break.

Given that the employee is not under the control of his employer during his 30-minute break, that break is not considered work time. Consequently, the 30-minute break is not paid. However, if the employer requires the employee to remain available during the break, for example if the employer asks the employee to remain at the work place during the break to answer the phone, then the employee must be paid for the break.

Example 1

An armoured truck driver transporting securities would be entitled to his 30-minute break in his first 5 consecutive hours of work. However, for obvious reasons, the employer may request that he remain in the truck while taking his break. In that case, he must be paid.

Example 2

A bank employee, has difficulty getting to work on time in the morning. She asks her employer if she could take her 30-minute break at the start of her work day. The employer reviews the request but denies it because essentially it would require that the employer give her two 30-minute breaks in the day. The employer can refuse because its obligation under the Code is to grant one 30-minute break in a period of 5 consecutive hours of work, in order to avoid giving two 30-minute breaks in the day.

Example 3

An employee works from 8 am to 4 pm, and takes his 30-minute break between 12:00 pm and 12:30 pm. In doing so, the employer ensures that there will be a 30-minute break in every period of 5 consecutive hours of work.

If the employee is required to work 2 hours of overtime at the end of the day, the employer is required to grant him a second 30-minute break.

Example 4

An employee who works from 8 am to 6 pm, is entitled to two 30-minute breaks; one break during every period of 5 consecutive hours of work. Therefore, 9 hours of work and 2 X 30-minute breaks.

De : Emploi et Développement social Canada

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