Canadian Poverty Reduction Strategy

From: Employment and Social Development Canada

On August 21, 2018, the Government of Canada released the report: Opportunity for All: Canada’s First Poverty Reduction Strategy. A bold vision to build a Canada where every Canadian has a real and fair chance at success, a Canada without poverty.

The strategy based its results on extensive consultations with Canadians across the country. It introduces:

  • concrete poverty reduction targets (relative to 2015 levels):
    • a 20% reduction in poverty by 2020
    • a 50% reduction in poverty by 2030
  • Canada’s Official Poverty Line to measure poverty and track progress towards the targets
  • a National Advisory Council on Poverty

Government investments that support poverty reduction

The Poverty Reduction Strategy brings together investments that the Government has already made in the social and economic well-being of Canadians since 2015. It builds on the Government of Canada’s existing programs, such as:

  • Canada Child Benefit: a tax-free monthly payment that helps low- to middle-income families with the cost of raising children
  • Canada Workers Benefit: a refundable tax credit that helps supplement the earnings of low-income workers
  • Increase to the Guaranteed Income Supplement top-up benefit: it is helping to improve the financial security of close to 900,000 vulnerable seniors
  • Canada’s first National Housing Strategy: a 10-year plan to give more Canadians a place to call home

For the complete list of government investments, please consult Annex 2: List of government initiatives that support poverty reduction.

Highlighted progress

Every Canadian deserves a real and fair chance to succeed, no matter where they live or where they come from.

Creating the National Advisory Council on Poverty

The National Advisory Council on Poverty is a group of 10 members, including persons with lived experience. They are also community leaders, academics, and practitioners who work in the field of poverty reduction. The Council provides advice to the Government of Canada on poverty reduction.

It will publicly report each year on poverty reduction in Canada.

Introducing poverty indicators

The Poverty Reduction Strategy introduced 12 indicators to track progress on many aspects of poverty, including:

  • food insecurity
  • core housing needs
  • share of youth in employment, education or training

Canadians can track progress on these indicators through the Dimensions of Poverty Hub.

Canada’s Official Poverty Line

Statistics Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada are currently reviewing Canada’s Official Poverty Line (Market Basket Measure). This review will ensure the measure remains up-to-date and continues to reflect a current standard of living.

There are 4 reports as part of the review:

What we are doing


Related links

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: