Annex B – Program logic models

Great Lakes Nutrient Initiative

Legend

S&T S&T: Activities/Outputs

RDG RDG Ontario: Activities/Outputs

Objectives

Measurement of phosphorus loads from urban and agricultural sources to identify and assess phosphorus discharges, inform decision making, and track and report progress towards achievement of phosphorus reduction targets.
Specific Activities
  • S&T Measure total phosphorus and bioavailable phosphorus loadings from 8 tributaries discharging into Lake Erie
Outputs
  • S&T Annual summary reports for phosphorus loadings from Canadian Lake Erie tributaries in 2013, 2014 and 2015, final report 2016
  • S&T Assessment and report on future monitoring/information necessary to inform policy decision-making and track progress on phosphorus management in the Great Lakes
  • RDG Report cooperatively with U.S. on binational phosphorus loading to Lake Erie
Direct Outcomes
  • Updated and improved understanding of Canadian phosphorus loadings to Lake Erie
  • Critical data for input to forecasting models to derive the phosphorus load reduction targets for Lake Erie
  • Approach for determining phosphorus tributary loads in other Great Lakes
Intermediate Outcomes
  • Pollution prevention and control measures for reduction of phosphorus loadings to the Great Lakes are implemented
  • Toxics and nuisance algae occurrence and impacts are minimized
  • Canada and the US establish and meet phosphorus load reduction targets for all Great Lakes
Final Outcome
  • Great Lakes water quality and aquatic ecosystem health is restored and protected in accordance with the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
Improved understanding of the influence of aquatic invasive species, and other factors contributing to algae production, and of the impacts of toxic and nuisance algae on water quality and ecosystem health.
Specific Activities
  • S&T Model nutrient inputs and cycling in Lake Erie
  • S&T Validate LE nutrient model assumptions
  • S&T Collect data necessary to run nutrient models
  • S&T Determine phosphorus concentrations necessary to limit algal bicorns in nearshore, offshore and tributaries of Lake Erie
  • S&T Assess biological (algae, mussels, gobies and benthos) conditions in selected Canadian nearshore waters of Lake Erie
  • RDG Synthesize understanding of factors contributing to toxic and nuisance algal production and the impacts on water quality, aquatic ecosystem health and human use
Outputs
  • S&T Lake Erie phosphorus ecosystem process model
  • S&T Identification of science-based phosphorus concentrations for Lake Erie that minimize algal blooms
  • S&T Report on algal conditions in selected Canadian nearshore waters
  • RDG Report on synthesis of available nutrient science (within Great Lakes and beyond) to inform decision makers
  • RDG Binational report, cooperative with U.S., on shared understanding of status and trends in Lake Erie nutrients and associated science
  • RDG Develop and implement an approach to assessing and reporting on algae status and social, economic and environmental impacts
Direct Outcomes
  • Improved shared understanding of factors contributing to toxic and algal production
  • Modeling tools for decision makers
  • Improved understanding of algal conditions in selected Canadian nearshore waters
  • Improved understanding of connection between phosphorus concentrations and algae production
Intermediate Outcomes
  • Pollution prevention and control measures for reduction of phosphorus loadings to the Great Lakes are implemented
  • Toxics and nuisance algae occurrence and impacts are minimized
  • Canada and the US establish and meet phosphorus load reduction targets for all Great Lakes
Final Outcome
  • Canada and the US establish and meet phosphorus load reduction targets for all Great Lakes
Establishment of binationally agreed upon, science-based, phosphorus load reduction targets.
Specific Activities
  • RDG Develop binationally agreed to ecosystem objectives for nearshore and offshore waters of Lake Erie
  • RDG Develop binationally agreed to phosphorus concentration objectives for nearshore and offshore waters
  • S&T Based on phosphorus concentration objectives, model the Canadian phosphorus load reduction necessary to achieve binational ecosystem objectives for Lake Erie
  • RDG Develop binationally agreed to load reduction targets for Canada and U.S.
Outputs
  • RDG Binational ecosystem objectives for Lake Erie published in lake wide management plan report
  • RDG White paper on phosphorus concentrations and load reduction targets for stakeholder consultation
  • RDG Binationally agreed upon phosphorus concentration objectives and load reduction targets for Lake Erie published in lake wide management plan report
Direct Outcomes
  • Ecosystem objectives and phosphorus targets to guide domestic and binational phosphorus management decisions
  • Framework to develop objective and targets for the other Great Lakes
  • Updated and scientifically defensible phosphorus targets for management purposes thereby meeting key milestone in GLWQA
Intermediate Outcomes
  • Pollution prevention and control measures for reduction of phosphorus loadings to the Great Lakes are implemented
  • Toxics and nuisance algae occurrence and impacts are minimized
  • Canada and the US establish and meet phosphorus load reduction targets for all Great Lakes
Final Outcome
  • Great Lakes water quality and aquatic ecosystem health is restored and protected in accordance with the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
Development and assessment of policy options for reducing phosphorus discharges from agricultural and urban point and non-point sources.
Specific Activities
  • RDG Literature review of beneficial nutrient management practices in urban, rural and agricultural settings
  • RDG Assess federal, provincial, municipal legislation, policies and programs for phosphorus control in Ontario
  • RDG Assess federal, provincial, municipal legislation, policies and programs which directly or indirectly contribute to phosphorus loading in the Great Lakes
  • RDG Assess information required to support phosphorus management decision-making at watershed, regional and lake scales
  • RDG Analysis of the economic costs and benefits of improved phosphorus management in Lake Erie
Outputs
  • RDG Discussion paper on policy options for achieving binationally agreed upon Canadian phosphorus load reduction targets for Lake Erie
  • RDG Report on the use and effectiveness of beneficial management practices for phosphorus control
  • RDG Inventory of federal, provincial and municipal legislation, policies and programs pertaining to phosphorus loadings and control
  • RDG Technical report on the information required to support effective decision making
Direct Outcomes
  • Policy options for achieving phosphorus reduction to Lake Erie and other Great Lakes
Intermediate Outcomes
  • Pollution prevention and control measures for reduction of phosphorus loadings to the Great Lakes are implemented
  • Toxics and nuisance algae occurrence and impacts are minimized
  • Canada and the US establish and meet phosphorus load reduction targets for all Great Lakes
Final Outcome
  • Great Lakes water quality and aquatic ecosystem health is restored and protected in accordance with the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
Developing a binational nearshore assessment and management framework.
Specific Activities
  • RDG Development of an integrated approach to nearshore assessment and management in the Great Lakes
Outputs
  • RDG Report – Approaches to assess nearshore areas of the Great Lakes and associated management framework
Direct Outcomes
  • Coordinated binational management of nearshore areas to benefit Great lakes water quality and aquatic ecosystems
Intermediate Outcomes
  • Improved understanding and management of the Great Lakes nearshore
  • Reduction in cumulative impacts of human activities in nearshore areas
Final Outcome
  • Great Lakes water quality and aquatic ecosystem health is restored and protected in accordance with the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement

GLAP IV

Long description

There are five activities in the logic model, which are “Develop/implement management strategies/plans”, “Technical and financial support for remedial actions”, “Monitoring, research and assessment of ecosystem health”, “Manage federal projects and coordinate with external partners” and “Develop/participate in collaborative agreements/activities.” These five activities are linked to five outputs. The outputs entitled “Stage 1 and Stage 2 Remedial Action Plans” and “Engineering studies, habitat projects and design studies for infrastructure upgrades” contribute to the immediate outcome “More effective/better integrated remedial actions in Areas of Concern.” The output “Engineering studies, habitat projects and design studies for infrastructure upgrades” also contributes, along with the outputs “Ecosystem health assessments and monitoring reports” and “Work plans and decisions related to project coordination”, to the immediate outcome “Improved identification of environmental problems and progress in Areas of Concern.” The output “Work plans and decisions related to project coordination” also contributes, along with the output “Partner funding/commitment for sediment remediation and municipal infrastructure improvement” to the immediate outcome “Improved management and coordination of efforts to restore and maintain the Great Lakes Basin ecosystem.”

These immediate outcomes are intended to contribute to three intermediate outcomes, which are “Pollution from identified sources is minimized or eliminated in Areas of Concern”, “Habitats in Area of Concern ecosystems are restored” and “Activities of federal partners and stakeholders advance remedial actions, monitoring, outreach and engagement in each Area of Concern.” The intermediate outcomes are intended to contribute to the long-term outcomes “Stage 3: beneficial uses are determined to be unimpaired and Areas of Concern are delisted” and “Canada’s international commitments related to Great Lakes Areas of Concern are met.” The ultimate outcome for the program is “The chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin ecosystem is restored and maintained.”

Sediment Remediation Projects in the Great Lakes Area of Concern Program

Long description

The logic model displays three activities, which are “Support Strategy Development: Support the development of sediment management strategies”, “Negotiation: Negotiate agreements to implement sediment management strategies with provinces, municipalities and other stakeholders” and “Implementation and Oversight: Provide financial support and oversight to the implementation of sediment remediation strategies.” These activities produce three groups of outputs, the first being “Messages, reports, presentations, budgets, proposals, G&Cs, management documents and reports (assessment and approval documents, funding agreements, financial reports, progress, performance and evaluation reports), technical assistance, databases”, the second being “Funding and implementation agreements” and the third being “Tendering and contracting documents, monitoring plans, reports.” The activities and outputs contribute to two direct outcomes, which are “Funding is leveraged through project partners” and “Remediation of contaminated sediments in Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes.”

The direct outcomes are intended to contribute to four immediate outcomes, which are “Reduction of persistent toxic substances and other contaminants of concern”, “Beneficial uses are restored”, “Great Lakes Areas of Concern are delisted” and “Canada meets international commitments related to Great Lakes Areas of Concern” The ultimate (long-term) outcome for the program is “Great Lakes waters are clean and freshwater ecosystems are healthy.”

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