Appendix D: Details on evaluation methodology

Key informant interviews

Key informant interviews were conducted with program representatives and individuals external to the program.  Since data collection for the NTAI was conducted separately as part of TC’s evaluation of the NTAI, the interviews covered nine of the 10 program elements and were conducted in two stages. Seven interviews covering five program elements were conducted during the first phase as part of the preliminary data collection (six interviews with a total of eight key informants internal to the federal government and one interview with an external stakeholder). The second phase consisted of 82 interviews covering nine program elements (one of which specifically focused on covering two different program elements). Interviews were approximately 45 to 90 minutes in length and focused on the program element(s) with which the individual key informant had the most experience and familiarity. Key informant interview data were analyzed using a thematic approach and reviewed to identify the themes and areas of consensus and disagreement. Footnote 1  The number of interviews by program element is shown in Table D.1, while Table D.2 shows the number of interviewees who participated, according to their role within the Adaptation Theme. Footnote 2

Table D.1: Number of interviews by program element
Program element Number of interviews
NRCan Adaptation Program 13
Table D.2: Number of interviewees by role
Role Number of interviewees
Senior management 10
Program management 25
Federal representatives 10
Provincial and territory representatives 11
First Nations, Indigenous or Inuit community 6
Municipal representatives 4
Academics 7
Industry 7
Other 9


A survey was conducted between January 27, 2015 and February 24, 2015 to collect feedback from external stakeholders on the relevance and achievement of outcomes. The survey was sent to external stakeholders for the participating program elements for whom email contact information was obtained. Footnote 3  The survey was primarily conducted online and respondents were initially invited to participate via email. Additional reminder emails were sent and follow-up telephone calls (which included the option to complete the survey by telephone) were conducted to maximize participation. A total of 148 individuals responded to the survey from a sample of 638, representing a 23% response rate. Respondents were allowed to answer questions for up to two of the program elements with which they were familiar. The survey was therefore able to collect 182 program element-specific responses, with 114 respondents providing data concerning a single program element and 34 respondents providing data concerning two program elements.Footnote 4 A breakdown of the types of survey respondent organizations is provided in Table D.3 and the number of responses and the corresponding percentage of the total number of responses for each program element are provided in Table D.4.

Table D.3: Survey respondents by organization type
Respondent organization Number of respondents Percentage of total number of respondents
Provincial and territorial government 37 25%
Federal government 28 19%
Non-profit organization 16 11%
First Nations, Indigenous or Inuit community 12 8%
Research or academic 12 8%
Municipal government 11 7%
Industry 10 7%
Health care 7 5%
Professional association 2 1%
Other* 12 8%
No response 1 1%

Note: Question: “What best describes the type of organization you belong to?”
*Examples of “other” organizations provided by respondents include: regional organizations, community programs and unique partnerships of municipal, provincial and First Nations leadership.

Table D.4: Survey responses, by program elementFootnote 5
Program element Number of responses Percentage of total number of responses
UCECCN   5 3%
HARS  39 21%
CCHAP 17 9%
CARPAN 22 12%
NISI 26 14%
NRCan Adaptation Program 53 29%

Note Questions: “Please select the Adaptation Theme program that you have the most experience with.” and “If you would like to answer survey questions about another Adaptation Theme program that you have experience with please select it from the list below.”

Case studies

Case studies were used to examine specific initiatives or projects within the Adaptation Theme. A total of four case studies were conducted. Each case study focused on a project from a different program element. Data was collected for the case studies through document and file reviews and interviews with key stakeholders (two to four interviews per case study). Interviews were conducted following a document review to facilitate informed interviews. Detailed consideration was given to the impacts of these projects in terms of how they supported, or are expected to support, the targeted community or sector in planning for and implementing adaptation measures. While it is not possible to generalize the results of case studies to the program element as a whole, the case study findings highlight aspects such as achievements, external factors, findings related to design and delivery and best practices and lessons learned to date. The case studies focused on the following four projects:

  • SakKijanginnatuk Nunalik: Building Sustainable Communities in the Face of Changing Climate, with a focus on the Municipal Water Sub-Project (from the CARPAN)
  • Coastal Infrastructure Vulnerability Index (from the ACCASP)
  • Forest Change Initiative (from the NRCan Adaptation Program)
  • Climate Change, Adaptation and Acute Gastrointestinal Illness in the Canadian North (from the PPHSACC)
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