Engine Standards

(1) An emission control system that is installed on an engine to enable it to conform to the standards set out in these Regulations shall not:

  1. in its operation or function, release a substance that causes air pollution and that would not have been released if the system were not installed; or
  2. in its operation, function or malfunction, make the engine or the machine in which the engine is installed unsafe, or endanger persons or property near the engine or machine.

(2) No engine shall be equipped with a defeat device as defined in paragraph 107(b), subpart B, of the CFR.

(1) Subject to sections 12 to 14, an engine of a given model year shall conform to the exhaust, crankcase and smoke emission standards set out in sections 112, 113 and 120, subpart B, of the CFR that are applicable to engines of that model year.

(2) The standards referred to in subsection (1) apply for the useful life of the engine set out in paragraph 104(a), subpart B, of the CFR and include the test procedures, fuels and calculation methods set out in the CFR for those standards.

(1) In this section, "adjustable parameter" means a device, system or element of design that is physically capable of being adjusted to affect emissions or engine performance during emission testing or normal in-use operation, but does not include devices, systems or elements of design that are permanently sealed by the engine manufacturer or that are inaccessible with the use of ordinary tools.

(2) Engines equipped with adjustable parameters must comply with the applicable standards under these Regulations for any specification within the physically adjustable range.

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