Climate change adaptation plans and actions
We are working with the provinces and territories to implement the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. This is our plan to meet our emissions reduction targets, grow the economy and build resilience to a changing climate. Actions to advance climate change adaptation and build resilience to climate impacts include:
- making information about climate change more widely available
- investing in infrastructure, including natural infrastructure, that protects Canadians from climate-related disasters
- developing building codes to increase the resiliency of buildings and infrastructure
- addressing the effects of climate change on the health of Canadians
- supporting regions that are particularly vulnerable to climate change, including the North and the country’s coasts
- working to ensure the long-term health and resilience of our ecosystems and natural environment
Plans, frameworks and strategies
The Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change is our plan, developed with the provinces and territories and Indigenous Peoples. Through the plan, we are growing the economy, reducing emissions and adapting to climate change. Taking adaptation actions now will help protect the health, well-being and prosperity of Canadians, and manage risks to communities, businesses and ecosystems.
We are also taking action on green and resilient operations through our Greening Government Strategy. This involves making our operations and assets more resilient to the impacts of climate change.
The Federal Adaptation Policy Framework (PDF; 176 KB) helps us consider climate risks when making decisions on a wide range of programs and activities that support the well-being of Canadians. It also guides us in identifying priorities to address climate risks in the future.
Announced in December 2016, the Arctic Policy Framework represents the combined efforts of the Government of Canada, provinces and territories, Indigenous Peoples and Northerners. Looking ahead to the year 2030, the framework will guide the federal government’s involvement in the North, including supporting adaptation action.
The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (PDF) is the Government of Canada’s strategy to reach sustainable development priorities. It sets goals and targets, and identifies actions to meet them. This Strategy includes a goal on effective action on climate change, which includes actions to advance adaptation. Many of the Strategy’s goals and targets relate directly to climate change action and support the Pan-Canadian Framework since climate change affects our:
- safety and security
The Emergency Management Strategy for Canada: Towards a Resilient 2030 identifies federal, provincial and territorial priorities that will strengthen Canada’s resilience by 2030. Federal, provincial and territorial ministers released the Strategy in 2019. The Strategy is a collaborative, whole-of-society roadmap to strengthen Canada’s ability to assess risks, prevent/mitigate, prepare for, respond to and recover from disasters.
- education and awareness
- guidelines and best practices
We use this framework as a roadmap for our work on Lyme disease.
Federal, provincial and territorial governments have developed the 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada. This includes 19 aspirational goals and targets. Meeting the goals and targets relies on the efforts of public and private sector partners, as well as meaningful, full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples, including First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples.
Resilient infrastructure investments
We are making investments in infrastructure to protect against events like floods and wildfires, and updating building codes to ensure buildings and other infrastructure can withstand the impacts of climate change.
We have invested in built and natural solutions to enhance resilience and base infrastructure decision-making on climate data and modelling, codes and standards.
We are supporting green and resilient infrastructure to help communities across the country and boost economic growth. Some examples are:
- $9.2 billion for bilateral agreements with provinces and territories for projects, including those that include adaptation and climate resilience
- $2 billion for a Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund for built and natural, large-scale infrastructure projects. These projects help build the resilience of our infrastructure to natural disasters, extreme weather events and climate change
The Climate Lens is a tool for infrastructure projects to ensure greater resilience to climate impacts. It is a requirement of projects funded by both the integrated bilateral agreements and Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund.
We are developing building codes and guides to ensure new buildings and other infrastructure can withstand the impacts of climate change. This builds on efforts made in Budget 2016, which included investing $40 million in the development of climate-resilient building and infrastructure codes.
The Standards Council of Canada is working with Canada’s national standards network, including federal partners, provinces, territories and industry. They are developing and implementing solutions for infrastructure to:
- help protect the health and social well-being of Canadians
- build resilience in communities
- make economic sectors more competitive
Efforts to support this work include:
- developing standardized guidance
- updating existing infrastructure standards
- supporting the Northern Infrastructure Standardization Initiative
The National Research Council is developing codes and guides for climate-resilient buildings and infrastructure. This includes efforts to:
- revise national building codes by 2020
- develop guides that integrate climate resiliency into designing and rehabilitating public infrastructure such as bridges, roads, potable water and wastewater systems
The Northern Transportation Adaptation Initiative provides funding to help meet key challenges of climate change on transportation infrastructure. The Initiative is active in Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and in Nunavik and Nunatsiavut.
The Transportation Assets Risk Assessment program supports climate risk assessments of federal transportation infrastructure.
Natural infrastructure can be an adaptation option for communities, providing multiple benefits and supporting healthy and diverse terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Federal, provincial and territorial governments are developing guidance and best practices to encourage people to use natural infrastructure.
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