Action plan for contaminated sites

The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP) is a 15-year, $4.54 billion program that was established in 2005 by the Government of Canada. The objective of FCSAP is to reduce environmental and human health risks from known federal contaminated sites and associated federal financial liabilities, while focusing on highest priority sites.

Since its creation in 2005, FCSAP has provided tangible evidence of the Government of Canada’s long term commitment to managing federal contaminated sites. In Phases I and II of the program the following results were achieved (as of March 2016):

  • assessment activities were conducted at 10,420 sites;
  • 7,300 site assessments were completed;
  • remediation activities took place at 1,590 sites across Canada;
  • remediation was completed at 830 sites;
  • care and maintenance work was undertaken at some sites to maintain necessary systems and prevent an increase in reclamation and closure costs.

As of September 2016, the largely complete Federal Contaminated Sites Inventory (FCSI) lists 23,078 sites, including:

  • 5,337 active sites (which includes 2,496 priority sites for remediation),
  • 2,355 suspected sites, and
  • 15,386 closed sites (completed or no action required).

In FCSAP Phase III (2016-2020) custodians will focus on remediating the highest priority contaminated sites, reducing their environmental and human health risks, and the associated federal financial liabilities. Through FCSAP, the Government of Canada is investing $1.35 billion over four years (2016-2020), including $1.25 billion for the remediation of 612 contaminated sites, as well as $99.6 million for the assessment of 358 sites, and associated program management activities.

Additional funding of $217 million in Budget 2016 will accelerate assessment and remediation activities over two years to identify and reduce risks to the environment and human health from federal contaminated sites. In particular, $31 million is for assessment activities on 248 sites, $173 million is for remediation activities on 400 sites and $13 million is for program management activities. A total of 16 federal departments, agencies and consolidated Crown corporations responsible for federal contaminated sites will receive funding.

Opportunities for contracts associated with contaminated sites are listed on, the Government of Canada’s open procurement information service.

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