Fuel Life Cycle Assessment Model
The Government of Canada’s Fuel Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Model (hereafter referred to as the Model) is a tool to calculate the life cycle carbon intensity (CI) of fuels and energy sources used and produced in Canada.
There are 3 main components of the Model that are available in the Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) Data Catalogue:
- Fuel LCA Model Database: Contains a library of CI datasets and fuel pathways developed to model a CI specific to a fuel or an energy source.
- Fuel LCA Model Methodology: Describes the methodology, data sources and assumptions that were used in the development of the Model, and provides the rationale supporting the methodological approach.
- Fuel LCA Model User Manual: Provides information on general definitions and concepts related to LCA from the perspective of the Model. Also provides technical guidance on how to perform basic operations in the openLCA software that are required for CI calculations.
The Model is designed to:
- provide transparent and traceable CI calculations
- represent Canadian fuel production pathways by relying on Canadian and worldwide data where appropriate
- be robust by following the guidelines outlined by the International Standards Organization, particularly standards 14040 and 14044
- be used for a number of Government of Canada greenhouse gas (GHG) policies and programs to inform and support their development
Users of the Model could include:
- LCA practitioners
- governmental organizations
- non-governmental organizations
- other organizations with interest in the Canadian energy sector
The Model may also be used in the context of specific programs. The Clean Fuel Regulations is the first regulation to use the Model to determine the CI of fuels and energy sources for credit creation.
How to access the Model
- Download and install the openLCA software. This free and open source software is required in order to use the Model. The software is supported for Windows, Mac, and Linux.
- Download the Fuel LCA Model Database available in the ECCC Data Catalogue.
- Consult the Fuel LCA Model User Manual for instruction on how to get the Fuel LCA Model Database set-up in the openLCA software.
Ongoing development of the Model
Ongoing development and maintenance activities to the Model will be prioritized based on engagement with the Stakeholder Technical Advisory Committee (STAC), comments received from stakeholders and other governmental departments as well as issues identified by ECCC.
The STAC includes representatives from the following sectors (industry or associations): fossil fuel, low carbon fuel, electricity, agriculture, forestry and hydrogen. It also includes representatives from environmental non-governmental organizations and academia or LCA independent experts. All members of the STAC have expertise in life cycle assessment, GHG quantification or GHG credits trading schemes.
ECCC will convene a STAC as the main venue to ensure that the Model constantly evolves, is representative of current practices and technologies and that various perspectives are considered through the ongoing development of the Model. The STAC will ensure that openness and transparency remain key aspects of future iterations of the Model.
- Pre-published Fuel LCA Model Methodology (December 2021)
- Fuel LCA Model Methodology (December 2020)
For general questions on the Model, please contact the Fuel LCA Model team at email@example.com.
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