Hunting regulations summary for migratory birds: Manitoba, August 2019 to July 2020

Summary

To hunt migratory game birds in Canada, you must possess:

  • a valid Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit
  • a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp affixed to or printed on the permit

These two documents are issued by the federal government and are valid in all provinces and territories.

The 2019 federal permit is also valid for the 2020 spring special conservation harvest for Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese. The Province of Manitoba requires spring Snow Goose and Ross’s Goose hunters to obtain a free electronic licence.

Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory where you will be hunting. Municipalities may have additional restrictions on discharging firearms.  Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

Buy permit online

You can purchase and print your Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit by visiting the Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit web page.

map of hunting bird zones, please read long description
Game Bird Hunting Zones
  • Long description

    There are four game bird hunting zones in Manitoba, zone 1 is far north, zone 2 is central north, zone 3 is central south and zone 4 is far south.

If you need more information to determine in which zone you are located, please contact the Ministry of Sustainable Development.

Consultation process and migratory birds regulatory reports

A national consultation process has been developed to provide an opportunity for everyone to participate in developing the migratory birds hunting regulations. For more information, consult the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series web page.

Enforcement

In June 2017, the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations came into force. In particular, these regulations authorize game officers to use administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) to enforce the provisions of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 (MBCA) and its associated regulations.

In July 2017, amendments to the fine regime and penalty provisions in the MBCA and the Designation of Regulatory Provisions for Purposes of Enforcement (Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994) Regulations came into force. In particular, these amendments allow courts to impose penalties that reflect the seriousness of offences following a conviction pursuant to the MBCA or its associated regulations.

For more information on AMPs and the new fine regime, consult the About the Environmental Enforcement Act web page.

Game officers

Game officers enforce the federal MBCA throughout Canada. This law regulates human interventions, such as hunting that could adversely affect long-term wildlife conservation. For any questions, please contact Wildlife Enforcement by telephone or by email at the contact information at the end of this hunting summary.

Waterfowler Heritage Days

Waterfowler Heritage Days are intended for young hunters under 18 years of age. These days provide opportunities for young hunters, for a few days before or during hunting seasons, to:

  • develop safe hunting habits in a supervised and structured environment
  • be guided by adult hunters who serve as mentors and pass on their skills and knowledge
  • learn more about wildlife conservation

The following rules are in effect during Waterfowler Heritage Days:

  • young hunters can hunt without having a Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit or Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp
  • young hunters must comply with all safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations
  • young hunters must be accompanied by a licensed mentor (who is not a minor)
  • adults acting as mentors:
    • must have a valid Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit and Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp
    • may not hunt or carry a firearm
    • may accompany no more than two young hunters
  • only young hunters are allowed to hunt when Waterfowler Heritage Days fall outside of the regular open seasons

Shot

  • Non-toxic shot must be used to hunt all migratory game birds, except for woodcock
  • Within National Wildlife Areas that allow hunting, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all types of hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds
  • Hunters should consult provincial or territorial regulations for additional restrictions

To reduce your exposure to contaminants in meat, make sure, before cooking it, to remove the shot from birds hunted with lead shot.

Crime stoppers

Anyone wishing to report illegal hunting activities, illegal selling of birds or other offences related to migratory birds is asked to call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477). Your call is anonymous, and you may be eligible for a cash reward.

Open seasons and Waterfowler Heritage Days in Manitoba

Open seasons and Waterfowler Heritage Days in Manitoba
Game Bird Hunting Zone Waterfowler Heritage Days Open seasons in Manitoba Open seasons in Manitoba Open seasons in Manitoba Open seasons in Manitoba Open seasons in Manitoba Open seasons in Manitoba
N/A Ducks, geese, coots, snipe and Sandhill Cranes Ducks, geese, coots and snipe

Residents of Canada
Ducks, Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese, Brant, coots and snipe

Non-residents of Canada
Sandhill Cranes Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese

Non-residents of Canada
American Woodcock Canada Geese and Cackling Geese

Residents of Canada
Zone No. 1 Sept. 1 to Sept. 7 (a) Sept. 1 to Oct. 31 (a) Sept. 1 to Oct. 31 Sept. 1 to Nov. 30 Sept. 1 to Oct. 31 (a) N/A N/A
Zone No. 2 Sept. 1 to Sept. 7 (a) Sept. 1 to Nov. 30 (a) Sept. 8 to Nov. 30 Sept. 1 to Nov. 30 Sept. 8 to Nov. 30 (a) N/A N/A
Zone No. 3 Sept. 1 to Sept. 7 (a) Sept. 1 to Dec. 6 (a) Sept. 24 to Dec. 6 Sept. 1 to Dec. 6 Sept. 17 to Dec. 6 (a) Sept. 8 to Dec. 6 Mar. 1 to 10
Zone No. 4 Sept. 1 to Sept. 7 (a) Sept. 1 to Dec. 6 (a) Sept. 24 to Dec. 6 Sept. 1 to Dec. 6 Sept. 17 to Dec. 6 (a) Sept. 8 to Dec. 6 Mar. 1 to 10

(a) Recorded Snow Goose and Ross’s Goose calls may be used when hunting Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese; any species of migratory bird for which it is open season may be taken while hunting Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese with those calls.

Bag and possession limits in Manitoba

Bag and possession limits in manitoba
Limits Ducks

Residents of Canada
Ducks

Non-residents of Canada
Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese and Brant

Residents of Canada
Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese and Brant

Non-residents of Canada
Sandhill Cranes Coots Snipe Woodcock

Residents of Canada
Woodcock

Non-residents of Canada
Daily bag 8 8 (a) 50 8 (c) 5 (d) 5 8 10 8 4
Possession 24 24 (b) No limit 24 15 (e) 15 24 30 24 12

(a) In Game Bird Hunting Zone No. 4, not more than 4 may be Redheads or Canvasbacks or any combination of them.

(b) In Game Bird Hunting Zone No. 4, not more than 12 may be Redheads or Canvasbacks or any combination of them.

(c) In provincial Game Hunting Area 38, as described in the Hunting Areas and Zones Regulation (220/86) of the Province of Manitoba, made under the Wildlife Act (C.C.S.M., c. W130), up to 4 additional Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese or Brant, or any combination of them, may be taken daily during the period beginning on September 1 and ending on September 23, inclusive.

(d) Except in Game Bird Hunting Zone No. 1, where the daily bag limit is 8.

(e) Except in Game Bird Hunting Zone No. 1, where the possession limit is 24.

Note
The open season for non-residents of Canada in Game Bird Hunting Zone No. 4 and in provincial Game Hunting Areas 13A, 14, 14A, that portion of Game Hunting Area 16 south of the north limit of Township 33 and Areas 18, 18A, 18B, 18C, 19, 19A, 19B, 20, 21A, 23A and 25 as described in Manitoba’s Hunting Areas and Zones Regulation (220/86), of the Province of Manitoba, made under the Wildlife Act (C.C.S.M., c. W130), includes:

  • in respect of Canada Geese, Cackling Geese, White-fronted Geese and Brant, only that part of each day from one half-hour before sunrise to 12:00 noon, local time, from the opening date (September 24) up to and including the second Sunday in October (October 13), and, after that period, from one half-hour before sunrise until one half-hour after sunset; and
  • in respect of Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese, only that part of each day from one half-hour before sunrise until one half-hour after sunset

Overabundant species

The Migratory Birds Regulations also provide for special conservation harvest periods when hunters may take overabundant species. See the table below for details.

Measures in Manitoba concerning overabundant species
Game Bird Hunting Zone Period during which Snow Geese and Ross’s Geese may be killed Additional hunting method or equipment
Zone No. 1 Aug. 15 to Aug. 31 and Apr. 1 to June 15 Recorded bird calls (a)
Zones No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4 Mar. 15 to May 31 Recorded bird calls (a)

(a) “Recorded bird calls” refers to bird calls of a species referred to in the heading of column 2.

For more information

The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails.

Please consult:

You may also direct your questions to:

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
123, Main Street
Suite 150
Winnipeg MB R3C 4W2

Tel.: 1-800-668-6767
ec.enviroinfo.ec@canada.ca

Report migratory bird bands

Call 1-800-327-band (2263) to leave a message or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: