Hunting regulations for migratory birds: Prince Edward Island, August 2019 to July 2020
To hunt migratory game birds in Canada, you must possess:
- a Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit
- a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp affixed to or printed on the permit
These two documents are issued by the federal government and are valid in all provinces and territories.
Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory where you will be hunting. Municipalities may have additional restrictions on discharging firearms. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.
Buy permit online
You can purchase and print your Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit by visiting the Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit web page.
Consultation process and migratory birds regulatory reports
A national consultation process has been developed to provide an opportunity for everyone to participate in developing the migratory birds hunting regulations. For more information, consult the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series web page.
In June 2017, the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations came into force. In particular, these regulations authorize game officers to use administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) to enforce the provisions of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 (MBCA) and its associated regulations.
In July 2017, amendments to the fine regime and penalty provisions in the MBCA and the Designation of Regulatory Provisions for Purposes of Enforcement (Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994) Regulations came into force. In particular, these amendments allow courts to impose penalties that reflect the seriousness of offences following a conviction pursuant to the MBCA or its associated regulations.
For more information on AMPs and the new fine regime, consult the About the Environmental Enforcement Act web page.
Game officers enforce the federal MBCA throughout Canada. This law regulates human interventions, such as hunting that could adversely affect long-term wildlife conservation. For any questions, please contact Wildlife Enforcement by telephone or by email at the contact information at the end of this hunting summary.
Waterfowler Heritage Days
Waterfowler Heritage Days are intended for young hunters under 18 years of age. These days provide opportunities for young hunters, for a few days before or during hunting seasons, to:
- develop safe hunting habits in a supervised and structured environment
- be guided by adult hunters who serve as mentors and pass on their skills and knowledge
- learn more about wildlife conservation
The following rules are in effect during Waterfowler Heritage Days:
- young hunters can hunt without having a Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit or Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp
- young hunters must comply with all safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations
- young hunters must be accompanied by a licensed mentor (who is not a minor)
- adults acting as mentors:
- must have a valid Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit and Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp
- may not hunt or carry a firearm
- may accompany no more than two young hunters
- only young hunters are allowed to hunt when Waterfowler Heritage Days fall outside of the regular open seasons
- Non-toxic shot must be used to hunt all migratory game birds, except for woodcock
- Hunters should consult provincial or territorial regulations for additional restrictions
To reduce your exposure to contaminants in meat, make sure, before cooking it, to remove the shot from birds hunted with lead shot.
Species at Risk
Barrow’s Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the daily bag and possession limit is 1 bird.
Anyone wishing to report illegal hunting activities, illegal selling of birds or other offences related to migratory birds is asked to call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477). Your call is anonymous, and you may be eligible for a cash reward.
Open seasons and Waterfowler heritage day in Prince Edward Island (No open season for Harlequin Ducks)
|Area||Waterfowler Heritage Day||Open seasons in Prince Edward Island||Open seasons in Prince Edward Island||Open seasons in Prince Edward Island||Open seasons in Prince Edward Island|
|N/A||Ducks (other than Harlequin Ducks) and geese||Ducks (other than Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, Harlequin Ducks, eiders, and scoters) and snipe||Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, eiders, and scoters||Geese||Woodcock|
|Throughout the Province of Prince Edward Island||Sept. 21||Oct. 1 to Dec. 31||Oct. 1 to Dec. 31||Sept. 3 to Sept. 16
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31
|Sept. 30 to Dec. 14|
Bag and possession limits in Prince Edward Island
|Limits||Ducks (other than Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, Harlequin Ducks, eiders, and scoters)||Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, eiders, and scoters||Geese||Woodcock||Snipe|
|Daily bag||6 (a)||6 (c)||5 (e), (f)||8||10|
|Possession||18 (b)||12 (d)||16||16||20|
(a) Not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye, and during the period beginning on December 1 and ending on December 31 not more than 4 may be Mallard-American Black Duck hybrids or American Black Ducks or any combination of them.
(b) Not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye.
(c) Not more than 4 scoters or 4 eiders may be taken daily.
(d) Not more than 8 scoters or 8 eiders may be possessed.
(e) Up to 3 additional Canada Geese or Cackling Geese, or any combination of them, may be taken daily from September 3 to September 16.
(f) Not more than 3 daily during the period beginning on November 15 and ending on December 31.
For more information on hunting districts, contact the Prince Edouard Island Department of Environment, Water and Climate Change.
For more information
The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails.
- the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994
- the Migratory Birds Regulations
- the frequently asked questions for hunters
You can also address your questions to:
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
17 Waterfowl Lane
P.O. Box 6227
Sackville, NB E4L 1G6
Report migratory bird bands
Call 1-800-327-band (2263) to leave a message or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website.
Report a problem or mistake on this page
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