# Beer brewing

Download the breweries calculator to help you estimate the releases of National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI) substances.

Beer production releases criteria air contaminants (CAC) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

The calculator focusses on releases to air and uses default emission factors. It can be adapted to use site-specific emission factors if they are available. If you have a site-specific emission factor that you would prefer to use, enter it in the emission factor column, but be sure to convert the units correctly.

The spreadsheet calculators use emission factors based on uncontrolled emission sources. If you use an emission control device and the default emission factor is uncontrolled, use this formula to adjust the spreadsheet calculation:

Controlled emissions = uncontrolled emission x ((100 - control efficiency)/100)

Since NPRI reporting thresholds are for the facility as a whole, you may need to combine the air releases you calculate with releases from other sources at your facility.

The following sections explain how the spreadsheet calculator works.

## Suggested estimation methodology: emission factor

The general equation for estimation using an emission factor is:

E = A x EF

where:

• E = emissions
• A = activity rate
• EF = emission factor

## Input data

The activity rate parameter (A) varies with the substance and emission factor (e.g. thousands of cubic meters of beer packaged, tonnes of grain processed, tonnes of grain dried or thousands of cases of bottles washed.) Refer to the processes and EF units in the tables below, and consult AP-42 Chapter 9.12.1 - Food and Agricultural Industries: Beverages: Malt Beverages for more detailFootnote 2 .

## Substance Releases

### Part 1 Substance Releases

Hydrogen sulphide (7783-06-4)Footnote 1
Process Emission factor (EF)Footnote 2 EF units
Fermenter venting: closed fermenter (Source Classification Code (SCC) 30200935) 0.0579804 kilograms (kg) per thousand m3 beer packaged

### Part 4 Substance Releases

Carbon monoxide (CO) (630-08-0)Footnote 1
Process Emission factor (EF)Footnote 2  EF units
Brewers grain dryer: steam-heated (SCC 30200932) 0.11 kg per tonne dried grain produced

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)Footnote *
Process Emission factor (EF)Footnote 2  EF units
Brew kettle (SCC 30200907) 2.474 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Aging tank: filling (SCC 30200908) 2.203 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Mash tun (SCC 30200921) 0.209 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Cereal cooker (SCC 30200922) 0.029 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Lauter tun or strainmaster (30200923) 0.021 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Hot wort settling tank (30200924) 0.290 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Open wort cooler (SCC 30200925) 0.085 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Trub vessel: filling (SCC 30200926) 0.966 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Brewers grain dryer: natural gas-fired or steam-heated (SCC 30200930,32) 3.650 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Fermenter venting: closed fermenter (SCC 30200935) 7.730 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Activated carbon regeneration (SCC 30200939) 0.135 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Can filling line (SCC 30200951) 54.115 kg per thousand m3 beer canned
Sterilized can filling line (SCC 30200952) 135.288 kg per thousand m3 beer canned
Bottle filling line (SCC 30200953) 65.711 kg per thousand m3 beer bottled
Sterilized bottle filling line (SCC 30200954) 154.614 kg per thousand m3 beer bottled
Keg filling line (SCC 30200955) 2.667 kg per thousand m3 beer kegged
Bottle soaker and cleaner (SCC 30200960) 0.091 kg per thousand cases bottles washed
Can crusher with pneumatic conveyor (SCC 30200962) 10.530 kg per m3 beer recovered

Total particulate matter (TPM)Footnote *
Process Emission factor (EF)Footnote 2  EF units
Grain handling (SCC 30200901) 1.5 kg per tonne grain processed
Malt kiln (SCC 30200905) 0.023 kg per tonne grain dried
Brew kettle (SCC 30200907) 1.585 kg per thousand m3 beer packaged
Brewers grain dryer - natural gas-fired or steam-heated (SCC 30200930,32) 13 kg per tonne dried grain produced

Particulate matter less than or equal to 10 micrometers (µm) (PM10)Footnote *
Process Emission factor (EF)Footnote 2  EF units
Malt kiln (SCC 30200905) 0.014 kg per tonne grain dried
Brewers grain dryer – natural gas-fired or steam-heated (SCC 30200930,32) 0.165 kg per tonne dried grain produced

Particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 µm (PM2.5)Footnote *
Process Emission factor (EF)Footnote 2  EF units
Brewers grain dryer – natural gas-fired or steam-heated (SCC 30200930,32) 0.046 kg per tonne dried grain Produced
Please select all that apply:

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