Tintamarre National Wildlife Area
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Tintamarre National Wildlife Area (NWA), in New Brunswick, is a significant area for wildlife. It is particularly important for the production of waterfowl and marshbirds.
Tintamarre NWA is located along the upper fringe of the Tantramar Marsh at the head of the Bay of Fundy in southeastern New Brunswick. Established in 1978, the NWA protects 1941 hectares (ha) of natural habitat types, such as:
- freshwater wetlands
- upland habitats
The NWA supports waterfowl and marshbirds by providing migration and breeding habitat. It also provides valuable habitat for many other species of birds and wildlife.
The name "Tintamarre" is often associated with an early French word meaning loud noise or "uproar." This comes from the sound made by the wings of many waterfowl rising from the marshes. The name may, however, have an even earlier aboriginal root as Tantama or Tantamalg, likely the original name for the area.
Tintamarre NWA is comprised mainly of a series of three shallow lake basins named the Jolicure Lakes. The basins are surrounded by wetlands ranging from fens and swamps to treed bogs. Portions of the wetlands and sections of reclaimed tidal marsh have been converted to shallow impoundments. These enclosed bodies of water make up 15% of the area. The rest of the NWA is split among smaller areas of forested and cultivated uplands.
Prior to the establishing of the NWA there were attempts to drain and cultivate the land for agriculture. This altered several of the wetlands. Conservation efforts have restored and improved productive freshwater wetlands. These efforts included collaboration with Ducks Unlimited Canada (DUC).
Tintamarre NWA provides production and staging (e.g. breeding, resting, feeding) habitat for several species of waterfowl. Habitat management has resulted in significant increases in waterfowl and waterbird production. The shallow flooded impoundments provide nesting habitat for a variety of marsh birds. They also provide high quality muskrat habitat. Northern harrier are frequently sighted within the wildlife area. The uplands provide nesting habitat for passerines. This site has been used extensively for wetland research projects.
More information on the Tintamarre NWA is provided in the summary table below.
Under the Canada Wildlife Act, NWAs are protected and managed in accordance with the Wildlife Area Regulations. The primary purpose of NWAs is to protect and conserve wildlife and their habitat. For this purpose and according to the legislation, all activities in a NWA that could interfere with the conservation of wildlife can be prohibited. Consequently, most NWAs are not accessible to the public and all activities are prohibited. However, some activities may be authorized through public notice or the issuance of permits as long as they are consistent with the management plan goals for the NWA. For more information, consult the NWAs Management and Activities section.
Access to Tintamarre NWA is not restricted and activities may be permitted according to the conservation objectives of the NWA management plan. Public notices listing the authorized activities within the wildlife area are posted at access points and may include:
- wildlife observation
More information on access and permitting can be obtained by contacting the Environment and Climate Change Canada regional office.
Map of the area
Map of the area around Big Jolicure Lake and Goose Creek in New Brunswick. The boundaries of the Tintamarre NWA are indicated. The protected area is located to the east of Tantramar River and to the west of Highway 16. It covers Big Jolicure Lake and Goose Creek as well as a portion of the surrounding land. The scale on the map is in kms. Permanent water, roads and highways are all indicated on the map. A small inset national map situates the NWA in Canada.
This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries.
|Protected Area designation||NWA|
|Latitude/longitude||45°58' North / 64°16' West|
|Reason for creation of protected area||Conservation of wetland habitat - bogs, lakes, wooded swamps and fens|
|Date created (Gazetted)||1977 - Legal Description|
|International Union for Conservation of Nature (UICN) Management Category||Protected area with sustainable use of natural resources (VI)|
|Additional designations||The region known as the "Grassy Hole Lakes" is recognized as a Critical Natural Area within New Brunswick|
|Keystone or flagship species|
|Listed Species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA)||None|
|Main habitat type||
|Other species||Amphibians and reptiles: various snakes, salamanders, and frogs including American bullfrog|
|Main threats and challenges||Habitat fragmentation of adjacent lands|
|Management Agency||Environment and Climate Change Canada (Canadian Wildlife Service)|
|Public access and usage||Permitted by public notices in designated areas only:
Note: If there is a discrepancy between the information presented on this web page and any notice posted at the NWA site, the notice prevails as it is the legal instrument authorizing the activity.
Environment and Climate Change Canada - Atlantic Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas and Stewardship
17 Waterfowl Lane
Toll-free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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