Canadian Protected and Conserved Areas Database

This is a database of protected and other conserved areas.


The Canadian Protected and Conserved Areas Database (CPCAD) contains the most up to date spatial and attribute data on marine and terrestrial protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECM) in Canada. It is compiled and managed by Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), in collaboration with federal, provincial, and territorial jurisdictions.

The geospatial data can be used with GIS software (ESRI file geodatabase format: .gdb) or Google Earth™ (.kmz). It contains combined data from all Canadian jurisdictions. It is used by a wide range of organizations, including governments, ENGOs, academia, land managers, industry, and the public.

CPCAD has many uses. It supports:

  • Background information

    CPCAD partnerships

    The CPCAD database evolved from the Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS). CARTS was jointly managed between Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) and the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (CCEA). CCEA developed the original tools and guidance to recognize and report on protected areas.

    Contributors include all 10 provinces, 3 territories and the 5 federal agencies that manage protected areas:

    • Parks Canada Agency
    • Environment and Climate Change Canada
    • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
    • Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
    • National Capital Commission

    CPCAD is currently endorsed by the Pathway to Canada Target 1 initiative.

Download data

By clicking on any of the download links below, you agree to the following terms and conditions:

  • Terms and conditions

    Copyright and permission to download

    The information in these files was produced or compiled by the Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) at ECCC. It provides information about protected and other conserved areas in Canada. The accuracy and completeness of information is the responsibility of individual jurisdictions.

    This material is covered by the provisions of the Copyright Act, by Canadian federal, provincial and territorial laws, policies and regulations, and by international agreements. All files were obtained from the various jurisdictions. Copyright and ownership of the data rests with each individual source and jurisdiction.

    Non-commercial reproduction

    Information in these files has been posted with the intent that it be readily available for personal and public non-commercial use. With the exception of identified third party materials whose reproduction may require the permission of another rights holder, as described below, the information in these files may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, for the sole purpose of its use by the user, without charge or further permission from CWS. However, we require that:

    • users exercise due diligence in ensuring the accuracy of the materials reproduced and their appropriateness for the user’s purposes
    • the Canadian Wildlife Service be identified as the source
    • the reproduction is not represented as an official version of the materials reproduced, nor as having been made with the endorsement of the Canadian Wildlife Service

    Third-party materials

    Some of the materials and graphical elements downloadable here are subject to copyrights held by other organizations, and as such are not covered by the copyright permissions set out above. In such cases, restrictions may apply to the reproduction of these materials or graphical elements and it may be necessary to seek permission from the rights holder prior to reproducing the material or graphical element in question.

    To obtain information concerning copyright ownership and restrictions on reproduction of these files, please contact the Canadian Wildlife Service.

    Inclusion of third party information, products or tools on the mapping applications used to display this file does not imply advertisement or endorsement by the Canadian Wildlife Service.

    External hyperlinks

    These files may contain links to third party sites. The Canadian Wildlife Service provides these links only as a service and convenience. The Canadian Wildlife Service takes no responsibility for the content at third party sites and in no way implies an endorsement or recommendation of the products, services or information found there. A third party site may have a privacy policy different from that of the Canadian Wildlife Service.

    The Canadian Wildlife Service disclaims all liability with regard to your access to linked web sites. When you link to sites external to the Canadian Wildlife Service, you do so at your own risk. The Canadian Wildlife Service makes every effort to ensure that the links appearing in this file lead to content that is accessible and available in both official languages. However, that is not always feasible or possible.


    The material in this file includes information of a technical nature, such as geographical information, reference values, statistical data, and the like, which is made available to the public on a free-of-charge basis. While the Canadian Wildlife Service employs reasonable efforts, whenever feasible, to ensure the currency, accuracy and precision of the information they provide, some of this material has technical limitations.

    Furthermore, the material or any data derived using same is subject to interpretation. Users are responsible for verifying that the material is appropriate for the use or application for which they wish to employ it. The Canadian Wildlife Service makes no representation or warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, as to the content of the file nor as to its fitness for any particular use, and the Canadian Wildlife Service does not assume nor accept any liability arising from any use of the information and applications used to display or use the information.

    The Canadian Wildlife Service does not assume nor accept any liability arising from any use of third party sourced content.

    Official languages

    The Canadian Wildlife Service is committed to ensuring files are available in both French and English. However, users should be aware that some information from external sources is available only in the language in which it was provided.

    CPCAD end-user agreement

    In order to download the CPCAD geodatabase of protected areas in Canada (in any format), clicking on any of the links provided indicates that you agree to these terms and conditions.

  • GIS software

    The ESRI file geodatabase (.gdb) can be opened using various GIS software such as ArcGIS Desktop and QGIS.

  • Google Earth™ instructions (expand)

    The Google Earth link should automatically open Google Earth™ on your computer with the CPCAD data available for viewing as points and polygons as you zoom in and out.

    Please note:

    • an installed version of Google Earth™ version 4.2 or later, is required to run this file. Google Earth™ home page
    • polygon boundaries are not legal representations of these areas and may not align with background layers such as topographical, cadastral, or political boundaries

    Viewing options

    • Labels for each area are on by default (you may click on them to see more information)
    • Boundaries for each area are turned off by default in order to prevent slow response times while zooming and panning
    • Boundaries can be turned back on by expanding the appropriate data set in the table of contents and checking the “Polygons” box

    If Google Earth™ fails to launch automatically when you click on the above link, download the file to your computer (when downloading select Save, then under File Type select All files).

    Next, launch the Google Earth™ application and select the menu option File, Open, and then locate the downloaded file and click the Open button.

Summary table - Protected and other Conserved Areas in Canada, December 2019
Region Baseline area a (km2) PA b (km2) OECM c (km2) Total (km2) PA b (%) OECM c (%) Total (%)
National terrestrial 9,984,670 1,133,947 77,908 1,211,855 11.4 0.8 12.1
  Alberta 661,848 101,668 0 101,668 15.4 0.0 15.4
  British Columbia 944,735 145,811 38,442 184,254 15.4 4.1 19.5
  Manitoba 647,797 71,145 231 71,376 11.0 0.0 11.0
  New Brunswick 72,908 3,390 0 3,390 4.6 0.0 4.6
  Newfoundland and Labrador 405,212 28,110 0 28,110 6.9 0.0 6.9
  Northwest Territories 1,346,106 173,140 39,181 212,321 12.9 2.9 15.8
  Nova Scotia 55,284 6,979 0 6,979 12.6 0.0 12.6
  Nunavut 2,093,190 211,373 0 211,373 10.1 0.0 10.1
  Ontario 1,076,395 114,777 33 114,811 10.7 0.0 10.7
  Prince Edward Island 5,660 206 20 226 3.6 0.4 4.0
  Quebec 1,512,418 162,203 0 162,203 10.7 0.0 10.7
  Saskatchewan 651,036 58,337 0 58,337 9.0 0.0 9.0
  Yukon 482,443 56,808 0 56,808 11.8 0.0 11.8
National marine 5,750,000 511,906 283,126 795,032 8.9 4.9 13.8

a Baseline areas = national territory, or terrestrial area of province or territory, as appropriate.

b PA = protected areas

c OECM = other effective area-based conservation measure.

The area of the territory of Canada, as well as all provinces and territories area except Quebec, is provided by Natural Resources Canada. The terrestrial territory of the province of Quebec is provided by the Ministère de l'Énergie et des Ressources naturelles du Québec.

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