Health Canada Quarterly Financial Report - For the quarter ended June 30, 2013

Table of Contents

Introduction

Health Canada is the federal department responsible for helping Canadians maintain and improve their health. In keeping with the Department's commitment to making this country's population among the healthiest in the world as measured by longevity, lifestyle and effective use of the public health care system, its main responsibilities are as a regulator, a service provider, a catalyst for innovation, a funder, and an information provider. A summary of Health Canada's program activities may be found in Part II of the Main Estimates. Health Canada administers the Canada Health Act which embodies national principles to ensure a universal and equitable publicly-funded health care system.

This quarterly financial report has been prepared by management as required by section 65.1 of the Financial Administration Act in the form and manner prescribed by the Treasury Board, and should be read in conjunction with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates A, as well as Canada's Economic Action Plan 2012 (Budget 2012).

Basis of Presentation

This quarterly report has been prepared by management using an expenditure basis of accounting and using a special purpose financial reporting framework designed to meet financial information needs with respect to the use of spending authorities. The accompanying Statement of Authorities presents the spending authorities granted to Health Canada by Parliament and those used by the Department consistent with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates for the 2013-2014 fiscal year.

The authority of Parliament is required before any money can be spent by the Government. Such authorities are given in the form of annually-approved limits through appropriation acts or through legislation in the form of statutory spending authority for specific purposes.

As part of the Parliamentary business of supply, the Main Estimates must be tabled in Parliament on or before March 1 preceding the new fiscal year. Budget 2012 was tabled in Parliament on March 29, after the tabling of the Main Estimates on February 28, 2012. As a result, the measures announced in the Budget 2012 could not be reflected in the 2012-2013 Main Estimates.

In fiscal year 2012-2013, frozen allotments were established by Treasury Board authority in departmental votes to prohibit the spending of funds already identified as savings measures in Budget 2012. Additional funding was sought by Health Canada through the 2012-2013 Supplementary Estimates B. The department received this additional authority net of the planned savings or other amounts transferred by Treasury Board authority to a frozen allotment. In 2013-2014, the changes to departmental authorities were reflected in the 2013-2014 Main Estimates tabled in Parliament.

As part of the departmental performance reporting process, Health Canada prepares its annual departmental financial statements on a full accrual basis in accordance with Treasury Board accounting policies, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards. The spending authorities voted by Parliament remain on an expenditure basis.

The quarterly report has not been subject to an external audit or review.

Highlights of Fiscal Quarter and Fiscal Year to Date Results

This quarterly financial report reflects the results of the current fiscal period in comparison to the authorities provided in the combination of the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates A for fiscal year 2013-2014, as well as budget adjustments approved by Treasury Board up to June 30, 2013.

The following graph provides a comparison of net budgetary authorities available for spending and year to date expenditures for the first quarter of the current and previous fiscal years.

Comparison of Net Budgetary Authorities and Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2013

Comparison of Net Budgetary Authorities and Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2013 (in Millions $)

Bar chart showing a comparison of net budgetary authorities and expenditures for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 and June 30, 2013 in millions of dollars.

2012-2013 Net Budgetary Authorities = 3,462; 2012-2013 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30 = 936; 2013-2014 Net Budgetary Authorities = 3,387; 2013-2014 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30 = 1,038.

A. Significant Changes to Authorities

The following table provides a comparison of authorities by vote for the first quarter of the current and previous fiscal years.

Comparison of Authorities Available for Spending for the Year as at June 30 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014
Authorities available (in millions of dollars) 2012-2013 2013-2014 Variance
Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 1,757 1,722 (35)
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 28 29 1
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1,452 1,421 (31)
Statutory 225 215 (10)
Total authorities 3,462 3,387 (75)

Authorities available for spending in fiscal year 2013-2014 are $3,387 million at the end of the first quarter as compared with $3,462 million at the end of the first quarter of 2012-2013, representing a decrease of $75 million, or 2.2%. This decrease is primarily attributable to the following:

  • $133.3 million savings identified as part of the Budget 2012 Economic Action Plan;
  • $32.2 million decrease relating to the sunsetting of funding in 2012-2013 for support of tripartite negotiations in British Columbia which will lead to First Nations being responsible for health service delivery in their communities;
  • $16.6 million decrease relating to the sunsetting of the Official Languages Health Contribution Program;
  • $15.2 million decrease for the transfer to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) of the International Health Grants Program;
  • $14.4 million decrease for reprofiling of the Drug Treatment Funding Program;
  • $9.7 million decrease in the transfer from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in 2012-2013 for the implementation of the Agricultural Regulatory Action Plan; and,
  • $8.6 million decrease relating to the sunsetting of funding for the defense of Canada against third-party claims in tobacco litigation.

These decreases are partially offset by the following increases:

  • $56.2 million for the renewal of funding to implement the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement including the provision of mental health and emotional support services;
  • $48.0 million due to the annual 3% growth in the First Nations and Inuit Health Envelope;
  • $26.7 million to continue to support the implementation of the First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan;
  • $14.9 million to fund expenditures for changes in collective agreements; and,
  • $10.0 million for the Brain Canada Foundation to support neuroscience research to advance knowledge for the treatment of brain disorders.

Authorities for revenues netted against expenditures have increased $122.8 million, primarily as a result of the tripartite agreement with the First Nations Health Authority in British Columbia. This increase in authority for revenues netted against expenditures is fully offset by increases in authority for operating expenditures.

The fluctuations in authorities available for spending are most notable in the following standard objects and in revenues netted against expenditures for services of a non-regulatory nature: personnel; transportation and communications; professional and special services; utilities, materials and supplies; and, transfer payments.

B. Significant Changes in Year to Date Expenditures

The following table provides a comparison of spending by vote for the first quarter of the current and previous fiscal years.

Comparison of Year to Date Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014
Year to date expenditures (in millions of dollars) 2012-2013 2013-2014 Variance
Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 374 376 2
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 1 1 -
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 437 540 103
Statutory 124 121 (3)
Total year to date expenditures 936 1,038 102

During the first quarter of 2013-2014, total budgetary expenditures were $1,038 million compared with $936 million reported for the same period of 2012-2013, representing an increase of $102 million or 11.0%, primarily in expenditures relating to grants and contributions.

Year to date net operating expenditures have increased by approximately $2.1 million or 0.6% when compared to the first quarter of 2012-2013. Although not significant, it is comprised of the following noteworthy changes in operating expenditures reported by standard object:

  • $5.4 million decrease in transportation and communications expenditures due mainly to a decrease in travel for non-insured health patients which is subject to fluctuations in need as experienced by program recipients; and,
  • $6.3 million offsetting decrease in vote-netted revenues of a regulatory nature, primarily due to changes in timing of receipt of revenues for establishment licenses.

There was an increase in Vote 10 - Grants and contributions year to date expenditures of $103 million primarily due to the timing of disbursements made to various transfer payment recipients net of changes in planned expenditures. Although there was a decrease in authorities, there was an increase in expenditures.

The transfer payments where the timing of disbursements was advanced on April 1 as compared to the prior year:

  • $138.0 million increase relating to several of the First Nations and Inuit Health Programs.

This advanced timing of disbursements is offset by the following:

  • $15.0 million delayed timing in payment of grants to the territorial medical travel fund;
  • $13.2 million transfer to the Public Health Agency of Canada of the International Health Grants Program.

Statutory year to date expenditures have decreased modestly from $124 million in 2012-2013 to $121 million in 2013-2014.

Risks and Uncertainties

Health Canada, as part of its commitment to effective management and accountability, employs integrated risk management tools to recognize, understand, accommodate and capitalize on new challenges and opportunities. The Department, as a public sector organization, is dedicated to enhancing the health and well-being of Canadians and recognizes that its success in fulfilling its mandate is directly related to the effective management of risk. To ensure effectual risk management, the Department makes sure that effective and efficient systems of internal controls are in place, and that these controls are proportionate to the risks being managed.

In a dynamic and complex environment characterized by internal and external drivers of change in Canada and abroad (e.g. population growth in First Nations and Inuit and changes in drug prices for the non-insured health program), effective management of risk at Health Canada contributes to improved decision-making, better allocation of resources and, ultimately, better results for Canadians. Additionally it can lead to effective service delivery, better project management, and an increase in value for money. Management proactively, systematically and continuously manages and responds to risks, both positive and negative, to minimize adverse impacts and capitalize on challenges and opportunities.

As of Budget 2013, growth in the First Nations and Inuit Health envelope will be based on 5% growth on actual (annual) expenditures. Program expenditures endure natural fluctuations from year to year depending on a variety of factors beyond program control (e.g. drug pricing, location of provincial and territorial health services) thus creating risk. Enhanced monitoring of expenditures is undertaken, including assessment of expenditures against projected spending as well as previous years' trends and available resources to manage these risks. Trend monitoring, cost management and planning are also in place and are reported regularly to senior management for decision making.

Significant Changes in Relation to Operations, Personnel and Programs

Hazardous Materials Information Review Commission was dissolved when, pursuant to Order in Council P.C. 2013-340 and when section 298 of the Jobs and Growth Act, 2012 fixed April 1, 2013, as the day on which Division 13, other than section 285, of part 4 of that Act came into force. As a result, the administration and enforcement of the Hazardous Materials Information Review Act is now being assumed by Health Canada.

Pursuant to Order in Council P.C. 2013-341 the control and supervision of the portion of the federal public administration known as the Travelling Public Program Unit was transferred from Health Canada to the PHAC effective April 1, 2013.

There have been no other changes in relation to operations, personnel and programs over the last year.

Budget 2012 Implementation

This section provides an overview of the savings measures announced in Budget 2012 that are being implemented in order to refocus government and programs; make it easier for Canadians and business to deal with their government; and, modernize and reduce the back office.

Health Canada conducted a comprehensive review of its operating and program spending. It placed priority on preserving activities central to its core mandate as a regulator, a service provider for First Nations and Inuit, and a leader in health care policy.

As a result, Health Canada is improving and transforming ways of conducting business that is resulting in efficiency gains, savings, and better value for money, while maintaining or enhancing accountability and services to Canadians.

In 2012-2013, the first year of implementation, Health Canada achieved savings of approximately $74.2 million. Savings will increase to $138.5 million in 2013-2014 and will result in ongoing savings of $197.6 million by 2014-2015. Authorities in the first quarter of FY 2013-2014 are lower than the same period of last year ($3,387 million vs. $3,462 million) while expenditures in the first quarter of FY 2013-2014 are higher than the same period of last year ($1,038 million vs. $936 million). The decrease in authorities is primarily due to the savings announced as part of the Economic Action Plan 2012. The increase in expenditures is primarily due to program payments in contributions as explained above.

Administrative Efficiencies and Rationalization of Structures and Functions (Internal Transformation)

Many changes are internal to Health Canada, and savings will be generated by simplifying and streamlining operations across all Health Canada branches. These include: consolidating operations; reducing and consolidating strategic policy work; consolidating and focusing on research and laboratory work and space; simplifying grants and contributions administration; and, achieving administrative and operational efficiencies throughout the department.

These initiatives will achieve ongoing savings of $108.4 million.

Shared Services

Health Canada and the PHAC have consolidated several common internal services. A wide range of services, including human resources, information technology, communications, audit, evaluation, and certain financial functions have been merged into new units to serve both Health Canada and PHAC. Governance is in place and processes are being reengineered to enhance services and reduce costs.

This initiative will achieve ongoing savings of $17.9 million.

Grants and Contributions (Gs&Cs)

Grants and contributions funding will be concentrated in areas that have continued relevance to Canadians, align with the priorities of the Department and the Government, and have the most potential for success.

For Pan-Canadian health organizations, Health Canada is reducing funding for most by 5% by
2014-2015 and has encouraged them to achieve savings through administrative efficiencies and reduced overhead.

Funding for the Health Care Policy Contribution Program will be reduced and targeted on key and emerging issues. Funding for the Women's Health Contribution Program has been eliminated as part of the Economic Action Plan 2012.

Recognizing that smoking is at an all-time low in Canada and that provincial, territorial and municipal governments have taken on a greater role in reducing tobacco use, funding for the Federal Tobacco Control Strategy has been reduced. Health Canada's efforts will be refocused to concentrate on more vulnerable populations such as First Nations and Inuit, whose communities have the highest smoking rates in Canada.

Grants and contributions funding in First Nations and Inuit Health will be focused on direct service delivery. Funding reductions are limited to areas such as research, building capacity, developing partnerships and networking in order to preserve front-line delivery services.

These initiatives will achieve ongoing savings of $58.5 million.

Streamlining Regulatory Operations and Administration

Core regulatory responsibilities for a variety of products, including drugs, food, consumer products and pesticides are maintained. Each of Health Canada's three regulatory branches is refocusing research on priority areas as well as restructuring some regulatory and policy operations in keeping with red tape reduction efforts.

These initiatives will achieve ongoing savings of $12.8 million.

Risk Management

Through planning and regular reporting on progress, Health Canada is managing the financial risks associated with achieving the reductions required as a result of Budget 2012. Sound management and focus on service delivery provides assurance that reduction plans are being achieved.

To manage risk and ensure adequate resources for key health priorities, new funding for Health Canada was referenced in Budget 2013. This includes:

  • Funding to support investments aimed at improving health care for the First Nations and Inuit people and continued funding for the Non-Insured Health Benefits Program;
  • Funding to continue to support Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada's Family Violence Prevention Program;
  • Funding for the Pallium Foundation of Canada to support the delivery of training in palliative care to front-line health care providers with the aim to help develop new community-integrated palliative care models across Canada; and,
  • Funding to enhance support for advanced research, including, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) for patient-oriented research.

Approved by:

George Da Pont
Deputy Minister
Ottawa, Canada
Date: August 23, 2013

Jamie Tibbetts
Assistant Deputy Minister and
Chief Financial Officer
Ottawa, Canada
Date: August 18, 2013

Statement of Authorities (unaudited)

Fiscal year 2013-2014 (in thousands of dollars)
Authority Total available for use for the year ending March 31, 2014* Used during the quarter ended June 30, 2013 Year to date used at quarter-end
* Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter end
(S) - Statutory Vote
Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 1,722,203 376,215 376,215
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 28,641 1,300 1,300
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1,420,762 540,249 540,249
(S) Contributions to employee benefit plans 126,169 31,664 31,664
(S) Minister of Health - Salary and motor car allowance 79 20 20
(S) Spending of proceeds from the disposal of surplus Crown assets 340 26 26
(S) Refunds of amounts credited to revenues in previous years 296 296 296
(S) Canada Health Infoway Inc. 88,548 88,548 88,548
(S) Collection agency fees 1 1 1
Total authorities 3,387,039 1,038,319 1,038,319
Fiscal year 2012-2013 (in thousands of dollars)
Authority Total available for use for the year ending March 31, 2013* ** Used during the quarter ended June 30, 2012 Year to date used at quarter-end
* Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter end
** Total available for use does not reflect measures announced in Budget 2012.
(S) - Statutory Vote
Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 1,757,196 374,113 374,113
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 28,158 1,110 1,110
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1,451,582 437,343 437,343
(S) Contributions to employee benefit plans 134,948 33,737 33,737
(S) Minister of Health - Salary and motor car allowance 78 19 19
(S) Spending of proceeds from the disposal of surplus Crown assets 356 24 24
(S) Refunds of amounts credited to revenues in previous years 25 25 25
(S) Canada Health Infoway Inc. 89,361 89,361 89,361
(S) Collection agency fees 1 1 1
Total authorities 3,461,705 935,733 935,733

Departmental Budgetary Expenditures by Standard Object (unaudited)

Fiscal year 2013-2014 (in thousands of dollars)
Standard Object Planned expenditures for the year ending March 31, 2014 Expended during the quarter ended June 30, 2013 Year to date used at quarter-end
Expenditures:
Personnel 851,724 206,493 206,493
Transportation and communications 287,845 29,482 29,482
Information 20,211 708 708
Professional and special services 457,465 75,788 75,788
Rentals 12,874 3,873 3,873
Repair and maintenance 37,134 1,775 1,775
Utilities, materials and supplies 433,277 93,870 93,870
Acquisition of lands, buildings and works 1,488 463 463
Acquisition of machinery and equipment 25,553 6,254 6,254
Transfer payments 1,509,310 628,797 628,797
Other subsidies and payments 4,163 333 333
Total gross budgetary expenditures 3,641,044 1,047,836 1,047,836

Less revenues netted against expenditures:

Rights and privileges 54,622 4,732 4,732
Services non-regulatory 143,059 3,424 3,424
Services regulatory 56,324 1,361 1,361
Total revenues netted against expenditures 254,005 9,517 9,517
Total net budgetary expenditures 3,387,039 1,038,319 1,038,319
Fiscal year 2012-2013 (in thousands of dollars)
Standard Object Planned expenditures for the year ending March 31, 2013 * Expended during the quarter ended June 30, 2012 Year to date used at quarter-end
* Planned expenditures do not reflect measures announced in Budget 2012.
Expenditures:
Personnel 902,081 208,043 208,043
Transportation and communications 262,438 34,882 34,882
Information 22,447 502 502
Professional and special services 399,071 72,078 72,078
Rentals 10,844 1,163 1,163
Repair and maintenance 26,185 8,618 8,618
Utilities, materials and supplies 385,659 94,473 94,473
Acquisition of lands, buildings and works 2,366 1,058 1,058
Acquisition of machinery and equipment 40,401 4,663 4,663
Transfer payments 1,540,943 526,704 526,704
Other subsidies and payments 444 (289) (289)
Total gross budgetary expenditures 3,592,879 951,895 951,895
Less revenues netted against expenditures:
Rights and privileges 53,634 4,571 4,571
Services non-regulatory 21,886 3,896 3,896
Services regulatory 55,654 7,695 7,695
Total revenues netted against expenditures 131,174 16,162 16,162
Total net budgetary expenditures 3,461,705 935,733 935,733
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