Methyloxirane (propylene oxide)

CAS Registry Number 75-56-9

The Final Screening Assessment for Methyloxirane was published on July 5, 2008 as part of Batch 1 of the Challenge Initiative of the Chemicals Management Plan (CMP). The assessment is summarized on this page.

What is it

  • Methyloxirane (also known as propylene oxide) is a chemical that is used by industry in the manufacture of certain products.

How is it used

  • Methyloxirane is used in the production of other chemicals, which are then used to produce a wide variety of industrial and consumer products, paint strippers and aerosol paints.
  • Methyloxirane is an approved food additive and is permitted solely for use as a starch modifying agent. Due to the chemical nature of this substance, it dissipates during processing and is not present in the final food.
  • Based on the most recent data, methyloxirane is imported into Canada but is not manufactured in Canada.

Why Did the Government of Canada Assess It

  • Methyloxirane has been shown to cause cancer in some studies with laboratory animals and can affect the respiratory system of laboratory animals. Although exposures to Canadians are low, the Government of Canada's objective is to minimize exposures to this substance.
  • Exposures from inhalation may be elevated during the use of certain consumer products such as some paint strippers.

What Is the Government of Canada Doing

What Canadians Can Do

  • Canadians using paints, varnishes, coatings, adhesives and sealants, should read and follow the safety instructions provided on the label, particularly the advice to use in a well-ventilated area and to wear protective equipment.

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