Proposed Maximum Residue Limit PMRL2022-10, Dimethoate
Pest Management Regulatory Agency
2 June 2022
ISSN: 1925-0843 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-24/2022-10E-PDF (PDF version)
Purpose of consultation
Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) has approved the requested application to add the new commodity of annual canarygrass grown for human consumption to the product label of LAGON 480 E Insecticide, containing technical grade dimethoate, to control aphids. The specific use approved in Canada is detailed on this product label, Pest Control Products Act Registration Number 9382.
The evaluation of this dimethoate application indicated that the end-use product has value and the human health and environmental risks associated with the new use are acceptable. Dietary risks from the consumption of food listed in Table 1 were shown to be acceptable when dimethoate is used according to the supported label directions. Therefore, food containing residues resulting from this use is safe to eat, and an MRL is being proposed as a result of this assessment. A summary of the field trial data used to support the proposed MRL can be found in Appendix I.
Dietary health assessment
In assessing the risk of a pesticide, Health Canada combines information on pesticide toxicity with information on the degree and duration of dietary exposure to the pesticide residue from food. The risk assessment process involves four distinct steps:
- Identifying the toxicology hazards posed by the pesticide;
- Determining the "acceptable dietary level" for Canadians (including all vulnerable populations), which is protective of adverse health effects;
- Estimating human dietary exposure to the pesticide from all applicable sources (domestic and imported commodities); and
- Characterizing human risk by comparing the estimated human dietary exposure to the acceptable dietary level.
Before registering a pesticide for food use in Canada, Health Canada must determine the quantity of residues that could remain in or on the food when the pesticide is used according to label directions and that such residues will not be a concern to human health (Steps 3 and 4 above). If estimated human exposure is less than or equal to the acceptable level (developed in Step 2 above), Health Canada concludes that consuming residues resulting from use according to approved label directions is not a health concern. The proposed MRL is then subject to consultation to legally specify it as an MRL. An MRL applies to the identified raw agricultural food commodity as well as to any processed food product that contains it, except for certain instances where different MRLs are specified for the raw agricultural commodity and its processed product(s).
Consultation on the proposed MRL for dimethoate is being conducted via this document. Health Canada invites the public to submit written comments on the proposed MRL for dimethoate in accordance with the process outlined in the Next Steps section of this document.
To comply with Canada's international trade obligations, consultation on the proposed MRL is also being conducted internationally by notifying the World Trade Organization, as coordinated by the Canada's Notification Authority and Enquiry Point.
The proposed MRL, to be added to the MRLs already established for dimethoate, is summarized in Table 1.
|Common name||Residue definition||MRL (ppm)Table 1 Footnote 1||Food commodity|
|Dimethoate||O,O-dimethyl S-[2-(methylamino)-2-oxoethyl] phosphorodithioate, including the metabolite omethoate||0.04||Annual canarygrass grain|
MRLs established in Canada may be found using the Maximum Residue Limit Database on the Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides webpage. The database allows users to search for established MRLs, regulated under the Pest Control Products Act, both for pesticides or for food commodities.
International situation and trade implications
Currently there is no American tolerance for dimethoate in or on annual canarygrass grain listed in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 180, nor is there a Codex MRLFootnote 2 listed for dimethoate in or on annual canarygrass grain on the Codex Alimentarius Pesticide Index webpage.
Health Canada invites the public to submit written comments on the proposed MRL for dimethoate up to 75 days from the date of publication of this document. Please forward your comments to Publications. Health Canada will consider all comments received and a science-based approach will be applied in making a final decision on the proposed MRL. Comments received will be addressed in a separate document linked to this PMRL. The established MRL will be legally in effect as of the date that it is entered into the Maximum Residue Limit Database.
Summary of field trial data used to support the proposed maximum residue limit
Previously reviewed residue data from field trials conducted in/on wheat were reassessed in the framework of this petition. In addition, a wheat metabolism study was re-assessed within the context of the current petition. A processing study in treated wheat was also re-assessed to determine the potential for concentration of residues of dimethoate into processed commodities.
Dietary risk assessment results
Acute dietary (food plus drinking water) intake estimates indicated that the general population and all population subgroups are exposed to less than 71% of the acute reference dose, and therefore are not a health concern.
Chronic dietary (food plus drinking water) intake estimates indicated that the general population and all population subgroups are exposed to less than 16% of the acceptable daily intake, and therefore are not a health concern.
Maximum residue limit
The recommendation for a maximum residue limit (MRL) for combined residues of dimethoate and omethoate was based upon the field trial data on file, and the guidance provided in the OECD MRL Calculator. Table A1 summarizes the residue data used to calculate the proposed MRL for annual canarygrass grain.
|Commodity||Application method/ Total application rate
(g a.i./ha)Table A1 Footnote 1
|Preharvest interval (days)||Lowest average field trial residues
(ppm)Table A1 Footnote 2
|Highest average field trial residues
(ppm)Table A1 Footnote 2
|Experimental processing factor|
|Wheat grain||Foliar ground and aerial/
|35–60||<0.04||<0.04||No quantifiable residues observed at exaggerated rates|
Following the review of all available data, the MRL proposed in Table 1 is recommended to cover combined residues of dimethoate and omethoate. Dietary risks from exposure to residues of dimethoate and omethoate in this crop commodity at the proposed MRL were shown to be acceptable for the general population and all subpopulations, including infants, children, adults and seniors. Thus the food that contains residues as listed in Table 1 is considered safe to eat.
- Footnote 1
A maximum residue limit (MRL) is the maximum amount of residue that may remain in or on food when a pesticide is used according to label directions.
- Footnote 2
The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an international organization under the auspices of the United Nations that develops international food standards, including MRLs.
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