Label Process Series LPS2011-04, Guidance for Designing Peel-Back and Multi-Component Labels of Domestic Class Pest Control Products
Pest Management Regulatory Agency
16 June 2011
ISSN: 1925-3273 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-20/2011-4E-PDF (PDF version)
Table of Contents
- 1.0 Background
- 2.0 Introduction
- 3.0 Additional Guidance for Peel-back Labels
- 4.0 Additional Guidance for Multi-Component Labels
- Appendix I - Glossary of Terms
- Appendix II - Criteria for the Use of a Peel-Back or Multi-Component Label
- Appendix III - Examples of Acceptable Pictograms and Line Drawings for Peel-Back Labels
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to industry and other interested parties on the development of pest control product labels for the Canadian marketplace. It provides guidance on how to display information on peel-back and multi-component labels of Domestic Class pest control products. It also recommends how to ensure durability of these labels, legibility of information, and visibility of risk reduction information.
Pest control products that fall under the jurisdiction of the Pest Control Products Act must bear a label with principal and secondary display panels. Labels include anything that conveys information required under the Act or the Pest Control Products Regulations and include stickers, tags, seals, leaflets, brochures and wrappers applied or attached to packages.
Under the Pest Control Products Regulations, all aspects of every control product's label, including the nature of the label, its contents and location of information, are subject to the Minister's approval. Along with the Minister's authority to approve all labels goes a responsibility to be satisfied that a label is appropriate in all respects to convey information to protect human health, safety and the environment.
The Regulations describe what information is required on a label and require that the information be presented in a manner that is clearly legible and indelible. However, due to additional labelling requirements for pest control products, it is becoming increasingly difficult for registrants to maintain label legibility, primarily on Domestic Class products. Appendix I contains a glossary of terms related to labelling.
With requirements for additional label information arising out of initiatives such as bilingual labelling and recommendations to improve the presentation of risk-reduction information (for example, more white space, boxed text) registrants have commented that this will place greater demands on product label space, possibly resulting in increased numbers of peel-back labels in the future.
Although peel-back ("crack n' peel" style) labels allow increased space for label text, the United States Environmental Protection Agency Consumer Labelling Initiative revealed that consumers are generally reluctant to open peel-back labels in the store to read the entire label. In Canada, concerns were expressed about the lack of instructions directing readers to additional information under the peel-back label. Additional concerns were raised over the possibility of peel-back labels becoming detached from the product container or having precautions, first aid and disposal statements obscured by the peel-back portion of the label.
This guidance is based on an analysis of the issues and requirements for product labelling found in Canada's Chemicals and Containers Regulations (2001); the United States Environmental Protection Agency's Label Review Manual (2003); and the Pesticides Safety Directorate Labelling Handbook (2002, amended 2004) in the United Kingdom. Requirements for small container labels on drugs in Canada's Food and Drug Regulations and United States Environmental Protection Agency Federal Register were also considered.
Based on the issues identified and the legal authority pertaining to labelling, the PMRA is proposing these criteria and design recommendations for peel-back and multi-component labels of Domestic Class pest control products to ensure that information to protect human health, safety and the environment is conveyed in a reasonable manner and that registrants are treated in a consistent manner. The criteria for determining when this document can be used or when a product can be subject to this document is proposed in Appendix II.
2.1 Regulatory Requirements for Peel-Back and Multi-Component Labels
When the conditions of registration indicate that in order to present the information required on the principal and secondary panels, a brochure or leaflet may be required. Paragraphs 28(2)(a) and 28(2)(b) of the Pest Control Products Regulations state that:
- the principal display panel must have prominently shown on it the statement "READ ATTACHED BROCHURE (or LEAFLET) BEFORE USING"; and
- the brochure or leaflet must contain all of the information that is to be shown on the principal and secondary display panels.
Brochures and leaflets can refer to the outer packaging to which small containers are attached.
Canada's Food and Drug Regulations allow for both inner and outer labelling. When the container of a drug is too small to accommodate an inner label that conforms to the requirements, the outer label must contain all the information required by these Regulations.
Similarly when containers of pest control products are affixed to outer packaging, the outer packaging must contain all of the information that is required on the principal and secondary display panels.
3.0 Additional Guidance for Peel-back Labels
3.1 Durability and Integrity
The PMRA is recommending certain actions to address concerns that peel-back labels may become detached from the product container. Domestic Class pest control products with peel-back labels should under normal use be:
- able to withstand repeated openings and closings without detaching itself from the product container; and
- able to withstand moisture without detaching from the product container.
- Any peel-back label with more than three pages should be numbered to indicate the total number of pages (for example: 1 of 10 pages, 2 of 10 pages, 10 of 10 pages, etc.) and the order in which they should be read.
- Add the statement "IF ANY LABEL INFORMATION IS MISSING, CONTACT THE MANUFACTURER/AGENT/DISTRIBUTOR/ US BEFORE USING THIS PRODUCT" in capital letters to the principal display panel of the container label and/or the attached booklet.
The PMRA recommends that:
- Under normal use, labels be readable without turning the container upside down or sideways.
- A pictogram or line drawing is added to identify how to open the resealable label for further product information.
Examples of acceptable pictograms and drawings that clearly identify the location of information on peel-back labels appear in Appendix III.
3.3 Visibility of Safety Information
The PMRA is recommending that the precautions or first aid sections on the secondary display panel of a peel-back label be:
- permanently affixed to the product container; or
- on the outer panel of the peel-back label.
If this information is permanently affixed to the container, the outer peel-back portion of the label should have instructions directing the user on how and where to open the peel-back label to obtain the safety information (see Section 3.2).
4.0 Additional Guidance for Multi-Component Labels
Some pest control products are packaged in small amounts, and these small containers have a limited amount of surface area available for labelling. To help meet the challenge of placing all required information on multi-component labels the PMRA has agreed, on a case-by-case basis, to allow registrants to move some information normally required on the principal display panel to the lower half of the secondary display panel. This includes:
- Guarantee statement
- Registration number
- Net contents
- Name and addresses of registrant and agent (mailing, internet or e-mail)
However, some registrants have requested moving even more information to the secondary panel, beyond what is currently permitted.
The PMRA is recommending that the following information appear on the principal display panel of all Domestic Class pest control products with multi-component labels.
- Product name
- Class designation
- Direction to read the label
- Child hazard warning
- Precautionary symbols, signal words and primary hazard statement
4.1 Symbols and Signal Words
Requirements for labelling of chemical products, other than pest control products, are described in Canada's Consumer Chemicals and Container Regulations (2001) and include certain exemptions for short and wide containers, and for small containers.
For short and wide containers on which the main display panel is less than 10 cm in height and at least twice as wide, the signal words may be located immediately beside the hazard symbol instead of below it.
The PMRA is allowing registrants, to display signal words directly beside any primary hazard symbols, on the principal display panel of the product.
The Pesticides Safety Directorate Labelling Handbook in the United Kingdom describes the requirements for the presentation of information on labels and the acceptable minimum size of symbols displayed on them and outlines two exceptions for labels of small containers. For small containers with a capacity of three litres or less, the dimensions of the label should be at least 52 mm by 74 mm and the symbols at least 20 mm by 20 mm. However, if it is impractical to comply with these label dimensions then the label should be as large as possible. In any case, the symbol with background must not be less than 10 mm by 10 mm.
The PMRA is recommending that the principal display panel of small container labels to have hazard symbols, including background, measuring a minimum of 10 mm by 10 mm.
In the Final Rule of the Food and Drug Administration, United States Department of Health and Human Services, a label is considered too small if the information required on the principal display panel requires more than 60% of the total surface area available. The Final Rule describes ways to accommodate all the required information on small drug labels.
When information required on the principal display panel requires more than 60% of the total surface area available, the PMRA recommends:
- the letter height and type size for headings be a minimum of 5 point (1.7 mm), and be emphasized in bold or underlined
- leading space between two lines of text be a minimum of 0.5 point (0.17 mm) provided the letters do not touch
- bulleted statements continue to the next line of text if more than one bulleted statement is placed on the same horizontal line
- bullets under each heading or subheading not be vertically aligned
Appendix I - Glossary of Terms
Appendix II - Criteria for the Use of a Peel-Back or Multi-Component Label
A product label that meets the following criteria may use the Guidance for Designing Peel-Back and Multi-Component Labels of Domestic Class Pest Control Products:
- When the information required, under the regulations, to appear on the label requires more than 60% of the total label surface area available; and
- When the label is the largest allowed by design of the container and conforms to the following minimum sizes:
|Container capacity||Dimensions of Label|
|3 litres or less*||not less than 39 cm2 or 40% container surface*|
|exceeding 3 litres but less than 50 litres||not less than 77cm2 or 40% container surface*|
* Which ever is smallest
Appendix III - Examples of Acceptable Pictograms and Line Drawings for Peel-Back Labels
These examples are not the only pictograms that would be acceptable. The pictogram or indicator must clearly show that the label continues on behind the display panel.
- Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, Hazardous Products Act 2001 (SOR/2001-269), Department of Justice Canada.
- Food and Drug Regulations (C.R.C., c. 870), Food and Drugs Act (R.S., 1985, c. F-27), Department of Justice Canada.
- Over-The-Counter Human Drugs; Labelling Requirements; Final Rule. Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services. Federal Register Vol. 64, No. 51 March 17, 1999.
- Pest Control Product Regulations (SOR/2006-124), Pest Control Products Act 2002, Department of Justice Canada .
- United Kingdom, Pesticides Safety Directorate, 2002 (amended 2004). The Labelling Handbook.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency, Label Review Manual 3rd Edition, Office of Prevention, Pesticides & Toxic Substances. EPA735-B-03-001, August 2003.
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