Toilet bowl disinfectant cleaners monograph

  1. Description

    This monograph applies to antimicrobial products which are classified as disinfectant drugs and specifically to products which are intended to be used as toilet bowl disinfectant cleaners in health care facilities, food processing plants and/or domestic dwellings. The medicinal, i.e., active ingredients and their concentrations in Category IV products are restricted to those specified in this monograph. The medicinal, i.e., active ingredients should be identified on product labelling by the names given in Table 1 of this monograph; both preferred names and synonyms are considered acceptable.

    This monograph does not apply to products with claims for efficacy against:

    • spores, as a sporicide, a sterilant, or a high-level disinfectant
    • Mycobacterium species, including M. turberculosis
    • the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
    • the Hepatitis B and C Viruses (HBV and HCV)
  2. Pharmaceutical quality

    All medicinal (active) and nonmedicinal (inactive) ingredients and finished product, should as a minimum meet the specifications of Schedule B or equivalent standard. In the absence of a Schedule B standard, testing should be adequate to demonstrate the product's identity, potency, purity and quality.

  3. Ingredients
    1. Single medicinal ingredient categories
      1. Quaternary ammonium compounds
      2. Hydrogen chloride

      A list of acceptable single medicinal ingredients for Category IV toilet bowl disinfectant cleaners is provided in Table 1.

    2. Combinations of medicinal ingredients
      1. Combinations of any of the medicinal ingredients from the same category are permitted provided that the total in-use concentration of the combined ingredients is at the minimum stated in section IV) d) ii).
      2. Combinations of any of the medicinal ingredients from different categories listed in Table 1 are permitted provided that the ingredient(s) from one of the categories is present at the minimal in-use concentration as stated in section IV) d) ii), and that the ingredients do not interact in a manner that reduces the disinfectant activity.

      Note: Phosphoric acid can be considered to be a medicinal ingredient if used in a combination product and if the manufacturer has data available which show that it is essential for the efficacy of the product.

    3. Nonmedicinal ingredients

      Nonmedicinal ingredients should be restricted to the substances that are necessary for the formulation. Their concentration should not exceed the minimum required to provide their intended effect. Their presence should not adversely affect the efficacy or safety of the medicinal ingredient(s) and they should not interfere with assays and tests for the medicinal ingredients.

  4. Labelling
    1. This monograph describes the requirements that are specific to toilet bowl disinfectant cleaners for use in healthcare facilities, food processing plants and/or domestic dwellings. Other requirements described in the Food and Drugs Act and Regulations should also be met.
    2. Unacceptable claims

      Statements such as non-toxic, non-irritant, safe, non-caustic, harmless, etc., are not considered appropriate for disinfectant drugs.

    3. Indications

      All products should indicate:

      1. for use in a health care facility (e.g., hospitals, dental clinic, nursing homes), a food processing plant, a commercial setting (i.e., schools, offices), and/or a residential home (i.e., domestic settings); and
      2. one or more of the following as applicable to the product:
        1. disinfectant / disinfectant cleaner
        2. kills bacteria (bactericide)
        3. kills viruses (virucide)
        4. kills fungi (fungicide)
    4. Directions for use
      1. For all products complete directions for use as a toilet bowl disinfectant cleaner including:
        1. specific amount/volume of disinfectant to be used
        2. mode of application;
        3. a contact time of at least 10 minutes followed by a flush of the toilet;
      2. In-use solution concentrations
        1. Quaternary ammonium compounds = 450 ppm
        2. Hydrogen choride = 9.5%
      3. Warnings and first aid information

        For all products, warnings, precautionary statements and first aid information should be appropriate to the hazard.

Table 1 Single medicinal ingredients
Category Preferred name Synonym

Quaternary ammonium compounds

Alkyl ethyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

Aralkonium chloride

Alkyl dimethyl-3, 4-dichlorobenzyl ammonium chloride

Benzalkonium chloride

Alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride

Cetalkonium chloride

Cetyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride

Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

Chloride didecyl dimethylammonium

Dioctyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

Chloride dioctyl dimethylammonium

Hexadecyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride

Chloride hexadecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium

Methyl dodecyl benzyl trimethyl ammonium chloride

Chloride methyl dodecyl benzyl trimethyl ammonium

Octa decyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride

Chloride octadecyl dimethylbenzyl ammonium

Octyl decyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

Chloride octyl decyl dimethyl ammonium

Octyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

Chloride octyl dimethyl ammonium

Inorganic Acid

Hydrogen chloride

Hydrochloric acid

Chlorine releasing compounds

Calcium hypochlorite

Sodium hypochlorite

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