Vaginal surgical mesh: Risks
The risks associated with using a health product can arise from several factors, including the:
- properties of the product itself
- how the product is used
- disease or condition being treated
- combination with other health products
- unpredictable allergic and other individual reactions
- underlying genetic make-up of the individual, which may predispose them to certain complications
We regulate surgical mesh according to the Food and Drugs Act and the Medical Devices Regulations. We have classified non-absorbable synthetic mesh as a Class III medical device. This is the second-highest risk class of medical devices.
- urinary problems
- acute or chronic pain
- nerve/muscle damage
- recurrent POP and SUI
- pain during sexual intercourse
- organ or blood vessel perforation
- vaginal tightness and/or shortening
- mesh erosion to the surrounding tissues
- (also called mesh exposure or extrusion)
With the exception of mesh erosion, such complications can also occur after a non-mesh procedure.
Removing mesh or fixing mesh-related complications may require 1 or more surgeries. In some cases, complete removal may not be feasible. Additional surgery may not correct some complications. This is because tissues can grow around the mesh by the time the complications appear, making full removal of the mesh difficult or impossible.
The use of transvaginal mesh for the treatment of POP and SUI share similar risks and complications, but there is a difference in their associated:
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