Canadian Community Health Survey

The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) initiative began in 2000 with its main goals being the provision of population-level information on health determinants, health status and health system utilization. This series of surveys is a joint effort of Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada, Statistics Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI).

The CCHS comprises two types of surveys:

  • An annual component on general health
    • This component of the survey provides reliable estimates at the national, provincial, and provincial health region level.
    • Originally designated by "x.1", these cycles of the CCHS have been designated as the "annual component" of the CCHS since 2007 (e.g. Canadian Community Health Survey – Annual Component, 2008 or CCHS – 2008).
    • In the past, this data was collected from 130,000 respondents over a 12-month period. Since 2007, data collection takes place on an ongoing basis. The sample, which retains the same size, is divided into 12 two-month collection periods.
    • Previously, data were released every two years. As of 2008, CCHS data is released annually (65,000 respondents) (e.g. CCHS – 2007). Every two years, a file combining the two years' sample (130,000 respondents) is also released (e.g. CCHS – 2007-2008).
  • A focused survey on specific health topics
    • Focused surveys are designed to provide reliable estimates at the national and provincial levels.
    • Data is collected from approximately 35,000 respondents over a twelve month period once every 3 years.

Food and Nutrition Related Data:

Food and nutrition-related modules, including food insecurity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and self-reported height and weight, have been included in the content of the CCHS.

In 2004, nutrition was the topic of the specific health focus on the CCHS - the CCHS - Cycle 2.2, Nutrition.  This survey provides information, at the nationalFootnote 1 and provincial levels, on food intake, food groups, vitamin and mineral supplements, nutrients, eating patterns, physical activity, Body Mass Index, and household food insecurity.

Using information from the CCHS annual component and the CCHS 2.2, Nutrition, a number of resources that report on the nutritional health and wellbeing of Canadians have been developed.  To optimize the usage of any CCHS 2.2 reports, they should be read in concert with the report, Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004) - A Guide to Accessing and Interpreting the Data, published by Health Canada in 2006.

On June 20, 2017, Statistics Canada released the latest nutrition-focused survey named, 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey – Nutrition. An overview of the survey is available on the Health Canada website. Similar to the earlier survey, it provides detailed nutrient intake information at the national and provincial levels.

Also, Health Canada published a Reference Guide to Understanding and Using the data: 2015 CCHS Nutrition to promote appropriate use and interpretation of the data as well as consistent reporting of the survey findings.

The following are analytical products from the CCHS 2.2 data. Future analytical products from 2015 CCHS Nutrition data will be posted as they become available.

Food and Nutrient Intake

Food Insecurity

Overweight and Obesity

Breastfeeding Practices

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: