Canadian Community Health Survey

The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) initiative began in 2000 with its main goals being the provision of population-level information on health determinants, health status and health system utilization. This series of surveys is a joint effort of Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada, Statistics Canada, and the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI).

The CCHS comprises two types of surveys:

  • An annual component on general health that is described in detail on the Statistics Canada website.
  • Focused surveys on specific health topics including nutrition that occur on an occasional basis.

Food and Nutrition Related Data

Food and nutrition-related modules, including food insecurity, fruit and vegetable consumption, dietary supplement use, self-reported height and weight, and infant feeding have been included in the CCHS-Annual Component.

Nutrition has been the topic of CCHS focused surveys in 2004 and 2015 (referred to as CCHS-Nutrition). CCHS-Nutrition has provided a rich source of nationalFootnote 1 and provincial-level data on food and nutrient intakes using 24-hour recalls, nutritional supplement intake, physical measurements (anthropometric), household food insecurity and other topics that support the interpretation of the 24-hour recall. Reference guides are available for both 2004 CCHS-Nutrition (previously referred to as CCHS-Cycle 2.2, Nutrition) and 2015 CCHS-Nutrition. These guides were developed to promote the appropriate use and interpretation of the data as well as consistent reporting of the survey findings. More information on 2015 CCHS-Nutrition is available on the Health Canada website.

Using information from the CCHS Annual component and the CCHS-Nutrition, a number of resources that report on the nutritional health and wellbeing of Canadians have been developed.

Food and Nutrient Intake

Food Insecurity

Body Weight

Breastfeeding Practices


Footnote 1

Please Note: Both the 2015 CCHS-Nutrition and the 2004 CCHS-Nutrition do not include data from the Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory or Nunavut.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

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