Pesticides compliance and enforcement: Activities and results

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Compliance promotion

The Pesticide Compliance Program (PCP) conducts compliance promotion activities to increase the awareness and understanding of regulated parties about regulatory requirements under the Pest Control Products Act (act). Such activities include:

PCP's compliance promotion activities target audiences including:

Compliance monitoring

Compliance monitoring involves providing oversight over regulated parties to verify that they deliver activities according to the act.

The prioritization of the PCP compliance monitoring activities is a result of:

PCP also collaborates with the Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA) to prevent unauthorized products from entering Canada.


PCP conducts inspections to monitor compliance with the requirements of the act. This involves collecting information to:

Inspector powers

Section 48 of the act designates inspectors to carry out a variety of functions to verify compliance or prevent non-compliance.

These functions, or inspector powers, include:

Inspectors collect information to assess overall compliance with the act, and with the conditions established on Health Canada's approved labels. Such conditions may include:

This information helps PCP determine if we need to take enforcement action.

Regulated parties must observe the authorities of inspectors to conduct these activities. They must not obstruct the inspector or make false or misleading statements to inspectors when they are carrying out their official duties.

Enforcement actions

Enforcement actions aim to:

In verifying instances of alleged non-compliance, PCP inspectors examine the information collected during an inspection to determine whether there has been a contravention of the act. They also examine compliance with any conditions related to use of the product. If there has been a contravention, enforcement usually reflects the severity of the risks posed. In situations of repeat non-compliance by a regulated party, they may escalate enforcement.

PCP takes enforcement actions in accordance with its compliance and enforcement policy for pesticides. This policy outlines guiding principles for the fair, consistent and predictable application of the act.

Enforcement actions include:


Learn about the results of our compliance and enforcement activities:

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