If you think using tanning equipment that emit ultraviolet (UV) rays is a safe way to tan, think again. There is no safe way to tan.
On this page:
- Safety tips: tanning equipment
- Health risks of tanning
- Using tanning equipment
- Reduce your risk
- Government action to protect you
- For more information
A tan from the sun's rays or under UV lamps in a tanning salon or solarium will damage your skin and cause other adverse health effects, including an increased risk of skin cancer.
Health Canada recommends you do not use tanning equipment (like sunlamps or tanning beds).
If you do use tanning equipment, it is important to know the risks so you can make an informed decision. By learning the facts about tanning now, you can protect yourself from skin cancer later in life.
- Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least sun protection factor (SPF) 30 when you travel south and do not pre-tan using tanning equipment.
- Try to convince teenagers not to use tanning equipment that emits UV radiation.
- Try to find other ways to look tanned. You can apply a cream that will colour your skin and give you the appearance of a tan.
You may think a tan looks healthy, but a tan is actually a sign that UV rays have already damaged your skin.
A tan is when your body produces melanin (a substance that gives skin its colour). This process can happen when your skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UV rays). Two kinds of UV rays can cause tanning: UVA and UVB. When your skin turns a shade of red or becomes darker, it is telling you that damage has been done.
There is a lot of scientific evidence that repeated exposure to UV rays can cause skin cancer:
- International experts from the World Health Organization’s (WHO) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) found significant evidence of an association between artificial tanning and the development of skin cancer.
- The WHO and IARC also determined that the use of tanning equipment can increase the risk of developing melanoma by 59% if the age of first exposure was prior to 35 years of age.
- The WHO recently changed the classification of the use of UV-emitting tanning devices to "carcinogenic to humans".
People at tanning salons may tell you their lights are safe. The fact is, their lights may give off 2 to 14 times as much UVA as the sun. UV rays from tanning lamps can have the same or worse health effects as UV from the sun!
There are many different brands and models of tanning beds and lamps on the market in Canada. Each gives off different amounts of UVA and UVB radiation, depending on the type of bulbs used.
If you use a tanning bed or lamp either at home or in a salon, you should read the label on the equipment. Warning labels tell you the recommended time you should be exposed each session (depending on your skin type).
- Always burns, never tans
- Always burns and tans very little
- Burns somewhat but tans gradually
- Burns a little but tans easily (olive skin)
- Rarely burns and tans easily (brown skin)
- Never burns, tans darkly black (dark brown/black skin)
It is important to make an informed decision about how long and how often you are exposed to UV radiation from tanning lamps. If you go over the recommended time for your skin type, or use tanning lamps more often than recommended, your risk of health problems will increase.
There is no safe way to tan. If you do decide to use tanning equipment, follow these steps to help reduce your risk:
- Tanning equipment should be appropriately labelled. Look for, read and follow the warning labels on the tanning bed or lamp you are using and follow the directions carefully.
- If you go to a tanning salon, talk to the salon operator about your skin's sensitivity and your ability to tan. This should help the operator recommend the amount of time for your tanning session and how often you should tan.
- Do not go over the recommended time each tanning session for your skin type.
- Allow at least 48 hours between each tanning session. This will give your skin a chance to repair damage from the UV rays and may slow down the aging effects caused by the exposure.
- Always wear the safety eyewear that is recommended for the type of lamp you are using.
- Be sure there is a physical barrier (like a clear sheet of acrylic) between you and the tanning bulbs. This will help prevent heat burns from the lamp.
- Report any side effects (like sunburn or itchiness) to the salon operator. In cases of severe sunburn, see your health care provider.
- Do not use tanning lamps more often than is prescribed for your particular skin type.
Health Canada analyzes and manages health risks related to UV rays. We regulate the sale, lease, and importation of tanning lamps and check that equipment complies with the Radiation Emitting Devices Act. We promote public awareness of the harmful effects of UV rays. We also publish the Guidelines for Tanning Salon Owners, Operators and Users.
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