Humanitarian and compassionate consideration stage 1 processing in Canada: Consecutive or concurrent H&C applications

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

Consecutive H&C applications

If an applicant had an H&C assessment and submits a new application, information and findings from any previous H&C application may be taken into account. You must also consider any new information submitted with the most recent application.

Concurrent applications for H&C and PRRA

If an applicant submits both an H&C and a PRRA application, both assessments may be done concurrently.

Assessment of applications for H&C versus PRRA

An H&C assessment is lower in threshold than PRRA and is not limited to the PRRA's specific legislative parameters of persecution: Risk to life, torture and cruel and unsual treatment or punishment. For an H&C application, you assess all elements of the application and decide if factors amount to unusual and undeserved or disproportionate hardship.

See also: Hardship and the H&C assessment.

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