Humanitarian and compassionate: Processing in-Canada applications
This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by IRCC staff. It is posted on the department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.
Once it has been determined that an applicant is eligibile to have an application assessed, the H&C application is processed in two stages:
- a humanitarian and compassionate assessment of the requested exemptions (Stage 1)
- final decision on the permanent residence application (Stage 2).
Stage 1 procedures for:
Positive Stage 1 assessment
Negative Stage 1 assessment
Stage 2 assessment
Withdrawing an application
Applicants who want to withdraw their application for H&C consideration must do so in writing. Send a letter to confirm the withdrawal request.
Communicating with applicants
Obtaining further information from the applicant
The onus is on the applicant to provide all necessary information at the time of their initial application and to inform CIC of any new information. When further information is required, send a letter to the applicant.
Requested information is received after the specified period of time
Follow these instructions when an applicant’s submission arrives after the specified period of time for response has elapsed:
|When a submission arrives late and…
the refusal letter has already been sent to the applicant (that is, assessment has already been made on the basis of information on file and the decision was negative)
inform the applicant that a specified period of time was provided for response and that it elapsed with no submissions received so the decision was based on information on file.
You may reconsider a decision if significant information that would have a critical impact on the original decision is received within a reasonable period of time after the final decision.
decision has not been made
Loss of contact with the applicant
Document any attempts to communicate with the client and any attempts to verify the applicant’s current address. If correspondence is returned or applicant does not respond, check that the correct address was used and if applicable that counsel was copied. The application must be processed through to a decision (i.e. approval or refusal). You may not “close” an application unless the applicant has formally withdrawn it.
Dealing with fraud or misrepresentation
When misrepresentation or fraud related to a material fact has occurred or is suspected, request written information from the client or schedule an interview, depending on the situation and type of information required.
The following table describes situations and the actions to be taken. Update GCMS notes accordingly.
it appears that the applicant used fraud or misrepresentation to obtain a positive Stage 1 assessment
Send a letter to the applicant:
no reply is received from the applicant
the applicant makes submissions
Review the applicant’s information and decide whether there is sufficient evidence of fraud or misrepresentation
a review of the submissions results in a finding of sufficient evidence of fraud or misrepresentation
Send a letter to inform the applicant stating that:
an applicant submits information to be considered in an A44(1) report recommendation
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