Recent Immigrants in Metropolitan Areas: Québec—A Comparative Profile Based on the 2001 Census

Part B: Who Are the Recent Immigrants?

Origin, immigration category and religion

Twenty percent of recent immigrants are from France

Québec’s immigrants come from all over the world and represent a diversity of cultural and linguistic backgrounds. Over the past several decades there has been a considerable change in the source countries of immigrants. In 2001, for example, there were 5,300 residents of Québec who had very recently landed in Canada, between 1996 and 2001. The top ten source countries of these very recent immigrants are scattered over five different continents.

Table B-1: Immigrants by period of immigration—top ten countries of birth, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
All immigrants
Rank Country Number Share
1 France 4,430 22%
2 United States 1,270 6%
3 Former Yugoslavia 1,050 5%
4 China, People’s Republic of 880 4%
5 Germany 850 4%
6 Haiti 640 3%
7 Viet Nam 580 3%
8 Algeria 520 3%
9 Morocco 520 3%
10 Romania 490 2%
Top ten countries 11,230 57%
All other countries 8,460 43%
Total 19,690 100%
Immigrated before 1986
1 France 2,300 27%
2 United States 930 11%
3 Italy 390 5%
4 Germany 350 4%
5 Belgium 330 4%
6 Viet Nam 310 4%
7 Haiti 310 4%
8 United Kingdom 270 3%
9 Chile 260 3%
10 Portugal 210 2%
Top ten countries 5,660 67%
All other countries 2,880 33%
Total 8,540 100%
Immigrated 1986-1995
1 France 910 15%
2 Germany 430 7%
3 China 350 6%
4 Romania 320 5%
5 El Salvador 310 5%
6 Portugal 270 5%
7 United States 260 4%
8 Haiti 250 4%
9 Viet Nam 190 3%
10 Bosnia and Herzegovina 180 3%
Top ten countries 3,470 59%
All other countries 2,400 41%
Total 5,870 100%
Immigrated 1996-2001
1 France 1,220 23%
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina 490 9%
3 China, People’s Republic of 380 7%
4 Morocco 310 6%
5 Colombia 240 5%
6 Yugoslavia 230 4%
7 Algeria 200 4%
8 United States 90 2%
9 Romania 80 2%
10 Haiti 80 2%
Top ten countries 3,320 63%
All other countries 1,970 37%
Total 5,290 100%

France has been the top source country of immigrants to Québec for a long time and is the country of birth of 22% of the total immigrant population of Québec. The countries of birth of Québec’s immigrant population are different from those of immigrants to Canada in general, with five of the ten top countries of birth of very recent immigrants—France, Morocco, Algeria, Romania and Haiti—being French-speaking or having historical connections to France and its language.

Among Québec’s earlier immigrants—those arriving in Canada before 1986—France and the United States were the most common countries of birth, accounting for 38% of this group. In general, the birth origins of Québec’s immigrant population vary in relation to the period of immigration. European birth origins are predominant among those who immigrated in the 1950s, the 1960s and to a lesser extent in the 1970s. More recently, the source countries of immigrants to Québec have become much more diverse.

Québec’s share of recent immigrants varies by country of birth

For some immigrant groups, Québec is a preferred city of residence. Of the 27,500 France-born individuals who immigrated to Canada since 1986, 2,100 or 7.7% were living in Québec in 2001. Québec is also home to 3.2% of Canada’s recent immigrants from Morocco, 3.1% of Canada’s recent immigrants from Colombia, and 2.9% of Canada’s recent immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina. On average, 0.4% of recent immigrants in Canada chose Québec as their place of residence, compared to 2.7% of the country’s Canadian-born population.

Table B-2: Recent immigrants in Canada by country of birth and percentage residing in Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
Country of Birth Total recent immigrants to Canada Share residing in Quebec City
France 27,500 7.7%
Morocco 13,510 3.2%
Colombia 10,190 3.1%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23,170 2.9%
All Canadian-born 23,991,910 2.7%
Total population 29,639,000 2.3%
Germany 22,810 2.2%
Algeria 16,675 2.1%
Haiti 25,430 1.3%
El Salvador 29,680 1.1%
Romania 43,200 0.9%
Mexico 24,640 0.8%
Portugal 34,120 0.8%
Yugoslavia 35,860 0.7%
Guatemala 10,580 0.7%
Peru 12,590 0.6%
Croatia 11,380 0.6%
United States 73,860 0.5%
All recent immigrants 2,491,850 0.4%
Russian Federation 35,950 0.4%
All immigrants 5,448,490 0.4%
Viet Nam 72,330 0.4%
Afghanistan 20,670 0.3%
China, People’s Republic of 236,930 0.3%
Somalia 18,220 0.3%
Lebanon 43,930 0.2%
Poland 91,140 0.2%
Iran 61,560 0.1%
Korea, South 50,970 0.1%

Note: Table B-2 lists all countries that are the place of birth of at least 10,000 recent immigrants living in Canada in 2001, with Québec’s share being 0.1% or more.

Large numbers of economic immigrants and refugees

Statistics published by Citizenship and Immigration Canada show that the number of immigrants who reported Québec as their destination when they landed in Canada increased by 2,600 between the second half of the 1980s and the first half of the 1990s, and decreased by 100 in the second half of the 1990s. The rise was concentrated in the economic immigrant and family class categories. Approximately 45% of the 1996-2000 immigrant cohort destined for Québec entered Canada as economic immigrants, 20% as family class immigrants and 35% as refugees. The share of refugees in 1996-2000 is nearly three times as large as for Canada as a whole.

Table B-3: Recent immigrants by period of immigration—landings by immigration category, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 1986-2000 (number and percentage distribution)
  1986-1990 1991-1995 1996-2000
Family class 1,500 29% 2,200 29% 1,500 20%
Economic immigrants 1,700 33% 3,400 45% 3,300 44%
Refugees 1,900 37% 2,000 26% 2,600 35%
Other immigrants 50 1% 10 0% 0 0%
Total 5,200 100% 7,600 100% 7,500 100%

Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures, 2002 (data set).

Note: The 2001 Census did not ask immigrants about the immigration categories through which they were admitted to Canada. The information in Table B-3 was obtained from records at Citizenship and Immigration Canada and pertains to the time of landing. Immigration categories are described in the Glossary.

The number of immigrants entering through the family class increased in the first half of the 1990s, and then fell back to the 1990 level during the 1996-2000 period. Within the family class, the number of spouses decreased by one-quarter over the three five-year periods. The number of other relatives—parents and grandparents, sons and daughters, and fiancés—increased from about 600 during the 1986-1990 period to 700 during the 1996-2000 period.

Nearly 2,000 government-assisted refugees were destined to Québec during the 1991-1995 period and 2,300 in the second half of the 1990s. Only 100 privately-sponsored refugees were destined to Québec when they landed in the second half of the 1990s—one-half the number that entered in the second half of the 1980s. During the 1990s, 500 asylum seekers and dependants entered Canada intending to settle in Québec.

Québec attracted a large number of skilled workers and their families—3,200 in both the first and second half of the 1990s as well as 100 entrepreneurs with their families in each of the five-year periods.

Religions changing with countries of origin

Recent immigrants are changing the religious landscape of Québec. While the majority of very recent immigrants living in Québec are Christians, the shares affiliated with the Muslim faith and those reporting no religious affiliation are higher than among earlier immigrants.

Table B-4: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—religious affiliation, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Canadian-born Immigrants Immigrated before 1986 Immigrated 1986-1995 Immigrated 1996-2001
Roman Catholic 605,250 11,420 5,970 3,180 2,280
Protestant 7,550 1,310 500 480 270
Orthodox Christian 150 780 210 330 270
Other Christian 2,550 300 110 30 160
Muslim 540 1,930 180 610 1,150
Buddhist 490 760 410 270 80
Hindu 70 120 70 30 30
Sikh 50
Other 1,790 130 90 40 20
No religion 32,990 2,920 970 920 1,050
Total 651,390 19,690 8,540 5,870 5,290
 
Roman Catholic 93% 58% 70% 54% 43%
Protestant 1% 7% 6% 8% 5%
Orthodox Christian 0% 4% 2% 6% 5%
Other Christian 0% 1% 1% 1% 3%
Muslim 0% 10% 2% 10% 22%
Buddhist 0% 4% 5% 5% 2%
Hindu 0% 1% 1% 0% 1%
Sikh 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Other 0% 1% 1% 1% 0%
No religion 5% 15% 11% 16% 20%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Note: Religions are listed in order of their share of the population of Canada, from highest to lowest, with Christian religions grouped together.

Roman Catholics account for more than ninety percent of the Canadian-born population residing in Québec. Although Roman Catholics are numerous among earlier immigrants, their share has fallen among more recent immigrants. Seventy percent of immigrants who arrived before 1986 reported Roman Catholicism as their faith—among very recent immigrants the share has fallen to 43%.

Age and gender

One-half of recent immigrants are young adults

The age distribution of the very recent immigrant population (those arriving between 1996 and 2001) is markedly different from that of the Canadian-born population, with a larger proportion in the 0-14 years and 25-44 years age groups, and proportionally fewer adults 45 years of age and over. In 2001, one-half of very recent immigrants living in Québec were between the ages of 25 and 44 years, compared to 30% of the Canadian-born. Seniors 65 years of age and over accounted for only 2% of the recent immigrant population compared to 12% of the Canadian-born population, while persons 45 to 64 years of age accounted for only 6% of very recent immigrants compared to 28% of the Canadian-born population.

Table B-5: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—age and gender, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 ( number and percentage distribution)
  Under 15
years
15 to 24
years
25 to 44
years
45 to 64
years
65 years
and over
Total
Women
Canadian-born 52,560 44,320 97,930 94,000 48,740 337,540
Immigrants 1,580 1,050 3,500 2,400 1,080 9,600
 Immigrated before 1986 0 230 940 1,800 890 3,860
 Immigrated 1986-1995 690 480 1,170 490 140 2,960
 Immigrated 1996-2001 890 350 1,400 100 60 2,780
Men
Canadian-born 54,780 45,650 96,730 85,500 31,200 313,850
Immigrants 1,160 970 3,750 3,060 1,180 10,100
 Immigrated before 1986 0 260 1,000 2,350 1,090 4,680
 Immigrated 1986-1995 440 480 1,450 500 60 2,920
 Immigrated 1996-2001 720 240 1,310 220 30 2,510
Total
Canadian-born 107,340 89,970 194,660 179,490 79,950 651,390
Immigrants 2,730 2,020 7,240 5,450 2,260 19,690
 Immigrated before 1986 0 490 1,940 4,140 1,970 8,540
 Immigrated 1986-1995 1,130 970 2,610 990 200 5,870
 Immigrated 1996-2001 1,600 580 2,710 320 90 5,290
 
Canadian-born 16% 14% 30% 28% 12% 100%
Immigrants 14% 10% 37% 28% 11% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 0% 6% 23% 49% 23% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 19% 16% 44% 17% 3% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 30% 11% 51% 6% 2% 100%
Total population 16% 14% 30% 28% 12% 100%

Children less than 15 years of age account for 30% of the very recent immigrant population compared to 19% of immigrants who landed during the 1986-1995 period and 16% of the Canadian-born population. These differences in age structure are to some degree a result of how we define immigrants and the Canadian-born. The immigrant population grows older like the Canadian-born population but does not renew itself in the same way, as children born in Canada to immigrants are not considered immigrants. Thus, there are no persons less than 15 years of age among immigrants who arrived before 1986, and the older age groups are over-represented among these earlier immigrants. By the same token, the share of children among the Canadian-born includes children born in Canada to immigrant parents.

The age structure of very recent immigrants closely resembles age at landing. Immigrants tend to arrive in Canada during their prime working-age years. This was the case among immigrants who arrived more than thirty years ago, and it is still the case today. It is therefore not surprising that a large share of very recent immigrants were in the 25 to 44 age group.

Many of the characteristics and circumstances described in this profile vary with age. Differences between immigrants or groups of immigrants and the Canadian-born often are at least in part a reflection of differences in the age structure.

Figure B-1: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born, by age, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage distribution)
Figure B-1

More women than men among recent immigrants

The proportion of women in the recent immigrant population in Québec is the same as that in the Canadian-born population overall, but for some countries of birth it is much higher. More than 61% of recent immigrants from China, the United States and Mexico are women.

There are 400 more women than men among the 11,200 recent immigrants in Québec. The number of women is particularly high among recent immigrants from China (490 more women than men out of 720 recent immigrants) and the United States (170 more women than men out of 350 recent immigrants). Two-thirds of recent immigrants aged 25 to 64 from the United States are women.

Table B-6: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—percentage of women, by age, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001
  Under 15 years 15 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 65 years and over Total
Canadian-born 49% 49% 50% 52% 61% 52%
Immigrants 58% 52% 48% 44% 48% 49%
 Immigrated before 1986 46% 49% 43% 45% 45%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 61% 50% 45% 50% 69% 50%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 56% 59% 52% 31% 65% 53%

At the opposite end of the spectrum of gender mix are Portugal, Morocco and El Salvador. Fifty-five percent or more of recent immigrants from these countries are men. Men outnumber women by 80 among the 430 recent immigrants from Morocco and by 40 among the 320 recent immigrants from El Salvador. The gender balance, by country of origin, has not changed greatly since 1996.

Language and education

Almost all very recent immigrants speak French or English

A large majority of Québec’s immigrants 15 years of age and over report being able to carry on a conversation in at least one of Canada’s two official languages. Even among very recent immigrants, who arrived in Canada during the 1996 to 2001 period, almost all reported being able to speak an official language in May 2001. Less than 5% of these very recent immigrants could not speak either official language. Knowledge of official languages is about the same among those who immigrated during the 1986-1995 period and even higher among earlier immigrants—99% of both men and women who immigrated before 1986 indicated they were able to speak an official language.

The proportion of Québec’s immigrants who report being able to carry on a conversation in French or English decreases with age. Among younger immigrants who landed in Canada between 1996 and 2001, virtually all are able to speak an official language and there is little difference between men and women in this regard. The shares are almost as high in the 25 to 44 age group. Among those aged 45 years and over, however, the percentage that can speak French or English is lower.

Ability to converse in either or both official languages has improved with the very recent immigrant cohort—3% more men and 4% more women had this ability in 2001, compared to the cohort who landed in the five years prior to the 1996 Census.

Table B-7: Very recent immigrants (immigrated between 1996- 2001)—15 years of age and over—knowledge of official languages by age and gender, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  French only English only English and French Neither English nor French Total
Women
15 to 24 years 150 190 20 350
25 to 44 years 620 30 700 50 1,400
45 to 64 years 40 10 50 20 110
65 years and over 30 20 50
15 years and over 830 30 950 80 1,890
Men
15 to 24 years 120 120 240
25 to 44 years 470 30 800 30 1,320
45 to 64 years 120 80 20 220
65 years and over 10 20 30
15 years and over 700 40 1,000 60 1,790
Total
15 to 24 years 260 10 310 20 590
25 to 44 years 1,090 50 1,500 80 2,710
45 to 64 years 160 10 130 30 320
65 years and over 30 10 30 20 80
15 years and over 1,530 70 1,960 140 3,680
 
Women
15 to 24 years 43% 0% 54% 6% 100%
25 to 44 years 44% 2% 50% 4% 100%
45 to 64 years 36% 9% 45% 18% 100%
65 years and over 60% 0% 40% 0% 100%
15 years and over 44% 2% 50% 4% 100%
Men
15 to 24 years 50% 0% 50% 0% 100%
25 to 44 years 36% 2% 61% 2% 100%
45 to 64 years 55% 0% 36% 9% 100%
65 years and over 0% 0% 33% 67% 100%
15 years and over 39% 2% 56% 3% 100%
Total
15 to 24 years 44% 2% 53% 3% 100%
25 to 44 years 40% 2% 55% 3% 100%
45 to 64 years 50% 3% 41% 9% 100%
65 years and over 38% 13% 38% 25% 100%
15 years and over 42% 2% 53% 4% 100%

One-quarter of very recent immigrants speak a foreign language at home

For some of Québec’s recent immigrants, the language spoken most often at home is one other than French or English. Slightly more than one-quarter of recent immigrants—both very recent immigrants and those who immigrated between 1986 and 1995—most often speak a foreign language in their homes. The use of a foreign language at home is lower among the earlier immigrant population. Ten percent of those who immigrated prior to 1986 most often speak a foreign language at home.

Figure B-2: Immigrants by period of immigration—15 years of age and over—use of a foreign language at home, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (percentage)
Figure B-2

The use of foreign languages in the home among Québec’s very recent immigrant population was lower in 2001 in comparison to 1996. Thirty-seven percent of the very recent immigrant cohort who landed in the five-year period prior to the 1996 Census reported use of a foreign language in the home. Québec’s share of very recent immigrants reporting use of a foreign language in the home is also low in comparison to most other cities in Canada, where more than one-half of very recent immigrants use a foreign language at home.

Many university graduates among very recent immigrants

There are large differences in educational attainment between the Canadian-born and the various immigrant cohorts. University degrees are more common among all immigrant groups than among the Canadian-born. In particular, very recent immigrants boast a high proportion of university graduates. This high proportion of university graduates is most likely a result of immigrant selection policy, which places a large emphasis on education for immigrants in the economic category.

When education levels are compared by age group, the younger immigrants have a much higher level of education than older groups, whether born in or outside Canada. In almost all cases, the proportion of Québec’s immigrants 25 years of age and over without a high school diploma is similar to or lower than the Canadian-born of the same age. The proportion of immigrants with post-secondary qualifications is higher than the Canadian-born for persons 25 years of age and over.

Three-quarters of recent immigrants aged 25-44 years—both men and women—have a post-secondary diploma or degree, compared to 64% of Canadian-born men and 68% of Canadian-born women in this age group. Only twelve percent of Québec’s recent immigrants less than 45 years of age do not have a high school diploma compared to 13% of the city’s Canadian-born population in this age group.

Table B-8: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 years of age and over—highest level of education, by gender, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Less than grade 9 Some high school High school diploma College or trade diploma University degree Total
Women
Canadian-born 36,110 35,720 78,390 91,570 43,200 284,990
Immigrants 800 880 1,530 2,410 2,420 8,030
 Immigrated before 1986 380 410 760 1,190 1,120 3,860
 Immigrated 1986-1995 340 300 490 590 560 2,280
 Immigrated 1996-2001 100 170 280 630 740 1,890
Men
Canadian-born 25,130 36,900 62,240 85,960 48,850 259,070
Immigrants 600 970 1,590 2,660 3,130 8,940
 Immigrated before 1986 360 430 850 1,500 1,560 4,680
 Immigrated 1986-1995 160 340 510 690 770 2,470
 Immigrated 1996-2001 80 200 230 480 810 1,790
Total
Canadian-born 61,250 72,620 140,620 177,520 92,050 544,050
Immigrants 1,390 1,840 3,120 5,080 5,540 16,960
 Immigrated before 1986 730 840 1,610 2,690 2,680 8,530
 Immigrated 1986-1995 500 650 1,010 1,280 1,330 4,750
 Immigrated 1996-2001 170 370 500 1,110 1,550 3,690
 
Women
Canadian-born 13% 13% 28% 32% 15% 100%
Immigrants 10% 11% 19% 30% 30% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 10% 11% 20% 31% 29% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 15% 13% 21% 26% 25% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 5% 9% 15% 33% 39% 100%
Men
Canadian-born 10% 14% 24% 33% 19% 100%
Immigrants 7% 11% 18% 30% 35% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 8% 9% 18% 32% 33% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 6% 14% 21% 28% 31% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 4% 11% 13% 27% 45% 100%
Total
Canadian-born 11% 13% 26% 33% 17% 100%
Immigrants 8% 11% 18% 30% 33% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 8% 10% 19% 31% 31% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 10% 14% 21% 27% 28% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 5% 10% 14% 30% 42% 100%

 

Table B-9: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born— 25 years of age and over, with no high school diploma or with post-secondary diploma or degree—by age and gender, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage)
  No high school diploma With post-secondary diploma or degree
  25 to 44 years 45 to 65 years 65 years and over 25 to 44 years 45 to 65 years 65 years and over
Women
Canadian-born 10,320 22,130 28,930 66,270 40,790 8,030
Immigrants 390 420 500 2,600 1,520 370
 Immigrated before 1986 90 280 380 730 1,150 330
 Immigrated 1986-2001 310 140 130 1,870 370 50
Men
Canadian-born 14,330 18,340 15,660 62,280 46,430 9,760
Immigrants 470 360 340 2,710 2,250 630
 Immigrated before 1986 150 240 310 650 1,730 590
 Immigrated 1986-2001 320 110 40 2,060 500 50
Total
Canadian-born 24,650 40,460 44,580 128,550 87,210 17,800
Immigrants 860 780 840 5,310 3,770 1,000
 Immigrated before 1986 220 540 690 1,380 2,900 920
 Immigrated 1986-2001 630 250 150 3,940 880 90
 
Women
Canadian-born 11% 24% 59% 68% 43% 16%
Immigrants 11% 18% 46% 74% 63% 34%
 Immigrated before 1986 9% 16% 42% 77% 63% 37%
 Immigrated 1986-2001 12% 23% 67% 73% 62% 23%
Men
Canadian-born 15% 21% 50% 64% 54% 31%
Immigrants 12% 12% 29% 72% 74% 53%
 Immigrated before 1986 15% 10% 28% 65% 74% 54%
 Immigrated 1986-2001 12% 15% 50% 75% 70% 56%
Total
Canadian-born 13% 23% 56% 66% 49% 22%
Immigrants 12% 14% 37% 73% 69% 44%
 Immigrated before 1986 11% 13% 35% 71% 70% 47%
 Immigrated 1986-2001 12% 19% 54% 74% 67% 32%

Recent immigrants add to Québec’s pool of scientists and engineers

Sixty percent of men who immigrated after 1995 and have a post-secondary diploma or degree majored in physical sciences, engineering or trades, compared to one-half of Canadian-born men. Among women with a post-secondary diploma or degree, one-quarter of very recent immigrants have studied physical sciences, engineering or trades—twice the share of Canadian-born women in this field of study.

Recent immigrants are also strongly represented in the social sciences, education and arts, with a share of post-secondary graduates similar to that of the Canadian-born (35%). Their presence in commerce, management and business administration is slightly lower than that of the Canadian-born. The share of health professionals among recent immigrants is similar to that of the Canadian-born.

Table B-10: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 years of age and over, with post-secondary diploma or degree—major field of study, by gender, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage distribution)
  Physical sciences, engineering and trades Social sciences, education and arts Commerce, management and business administration Health professions and related technologies Total
Women
Canadian-born 17,570 57,720 36,900 21,830 134,010
Immigrants 970 2,210 1,030 600 4,810
 Immigrated before 1986 260 500 250 150 1,160
 Immigrated 1986-1995 380 1,150 460 320 2,290
 Immigrated 1996-2001 350 570 320 130 1,370
Men
Canadian-born 66,760 35,220 25,760 6,330 134,060
Immigrants 3,180 1,490 780 330 5,770
 Immigrated before 1986 860 290 210 90 1,450
 Immigrated 1986-1995 1,550 930 400 160 3,040
 Immigrated 1996-2001 770 270 170 80 1,280
Total
Canadian-born 84,320 92,940 62,660 28,150 268,070
Immigrants 4,160 3,700 1,810 930 10,590
 Immigrated before 1986 1,100 810 460 250 2,610
 Immigrated 1986-1995 1,920 2,070 860 480 5,320
 Immigrated 1996-2001 1,120 830 500 210 2,660
 
Women
Canadian-born 13% 43% 28% 16% 100%
Immigrants 20% 46% 21% 12% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 22% 43% 22% 13% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 16% 50% 20% 14% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 26% 41% 23% 10% 100%
Men
Canadian-born 50% 26% 19% 5% 100%
Immigrants 55% 26% 13% 6% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 59% 20% 15% 6% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 51% 30% 13% 5% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 60% 21% 13% 6% 100%
Total
Canadian-born 31% 35% 23% 11% 100%
Immigrants 39% 35% 17% 9% 100%
 Immigrated before 1986 42% 31% 18% 9% 100%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 36% 39% 16% 9% 100%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 42% 31% 19% 8% 100%

Recent immigrants more likely to attend school

Very recent immigrants are relatively likely to be in school. School attendance is at least twice as high among very recent immigrants as among the Canadian-born, in both the 25-44 and 45-64 years age groups.

School attendance, of course, is much higher in the youngest age group—persons 15 to 24 years of age—than in the older age groups. School attendance among recent immigrants is higher than among their Canadian-born counterparts. By and large, school attendance rates were similar for all immigrant cohorts to those in 1996.

Table B-11: Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born—15 to 64 years of age, attending school—by age and gender, Québec Census Metropolitan Area, 2001 (number and percentage)
  15 to 24
years
25 to 44
years
45 to 64
years
15 to 24
years
25 to 44
years
45 to 64
years
Women
Canadian-born 32,810 13,420 4,030 74% 14% 4%
Immigrants 830 900 200 79% 26% 8%
 Immigrated before 1986 170 250 170 73% 27% 9%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 390 220 40 80% 19% 8%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 280 440 10 81% 32% 10%
Men
Canadian-born 31,440 11,130 2,730 69% 12% 3%
Immigrants 760 870 210 78% 23% 7%
 Immigrated before 1986 190 130 100 73% 13% 4%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 380 280 50 79% 20% 9%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 210 470 50 87% 36% 21%
Total
Canadian-born 64,250 24,550 6,740 71% 13% 4%
Immigrants 1,600 1,780 400 79% 25% 7%
 Immigrated before 1986 350 390 270 72% 20% 6%
 Immigrated 1986-1995 760 490 90 80% 19% 9%
 Immigrated 1996-2001 490 910 50 84% 33% 16%
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