World Values Survey (Canada) Immigrant and native born respondent comparisons

Appendix A: Survey questionnaire

V1. Survey wave number (write in constant)

V2. Country code (write in 3-digit code from list below)

V3. Interview number (write in 4-digit number identifying each respondent)

(Introduction by interviewer):

Hello. I am from the (mention name of the interview organization). We are carrying out a global study of what people value in life. This study will interview samples representing most of the world's people. Your name has been selected at random as part of a representative sample of the people in (mention country in which interview is conducted). I'd like to ask your views on a number of different subjects. Your input will be treated strictly confidential but it will contribute to a better understanding of what people all over the world believe and want out of life.

Show card A

For each of the following, indicate how important it is in your life. Would you say it is (read out and code one answer for each):

  • V4. Family
  • V5. Friends
  • V6. Leisure time
  • V7. Politics
  • V8. Work
  • V9. Religion

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Very important (1)
  • Rather important (2)
  • Not very important (3)
  • Not at all important (4)

(NOTE: Code but do not read out-- here and throughout the interview):

  • Don't know (-1)
  • No answer (-2)
  • Not applicable (-3)

V10. Taking all things together, would you say you are (read out and code one answer):

  • Very happy (1)
  • Quite happy (2)
  • Not very happy (3)
  • Not at all happy (4)

V11. All in all, how would you describe your state of health these days? Would you say it is (read out):

  • Very good (1)
  • Good (2)
  • Fair (3)
  • Poor (4)

Show card B

Here is a list of qualities that children can be encouraged to learn at home. Which, if any, do you consider to be especially important? Please choose up to five! (Code five mentions at the maximum):

  • V12. Independence
  • V13. Hard work
  • V14. Feeling of responsibility
  • V15. Imagination
  • V16. Tolerance and respect for other people
  • V17. Thrift, saving money and things
  • V18. Determination, perseverance
  • V19. Religious faith
  • V20. Unselfishness
  • V21. Obedience

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Mentioned (1)
  • Not mentioned (2)

Show card C

V22. All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? Using this card on which 1 means you are "completely dissatisfied" and 10 means you are "completely satisfied" where would you put your satisfaction with your life as a whole? (Code one number).

V23. Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people?

  • Most people can be trusted (1)
  • Can't be too careful (2)

Now I am going to read off a list of voluntary organizations. For each one, could you tell me whether you are an active member, an inactive member or not a member of that type of organization? (Read out and code one answer for each organization):

  • V24. Church or religious organization
  • V25. Sport or recreational organization
  • V26. Art, music or educational organization
  • V27. Labor Union
  • V28. Political party
  • V29. Environmental organization
  • V30. Professional association
  • V31. Humanitarian or charitable organization
  • V32. Consumer organization
  • V33. Ethnic association

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Active member (2)
  • Inactive member (1)
  • Don't belong (0)

Show card D

On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors? (Code an answer for each group):

  • V34. Drug addicts
  • V35. People of a different race
  • V36. People who have AIDS
  • V37. Immigrants
  • V38. Homosexuals
  • V39. People of a different religion
  • V40. Heavy drinkers
  • V41. Unmarried couples living together
  • V42. People who speak a different language
  • V43. Muslims

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Mentioned (1)
  • Not mentioned (2)

Do you agree, disagree or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V44. When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women
  • V45. When jobs are scarce, employers should give priority to Canadian people over immigrants
  • V46. Immigrants who commit crimes in this country should be deported

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Agree (1)
  • Neither (2)
  • Disagree (3)

Show card E

V47. Some people feel they have completely free choice and control over their lives, while other people feel that what they do has no real effect on what happens to them. Please use this scale where 1 means "none at all" and 10 means "a great deal" to indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over the way your life turns out (code one number).

Show card F

V48. Do you think most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance, or would they try to be fair? Please show your response on this card, where 1 means that "people would try to take advantage of you," and 10 means that "people would try to be fair" (code one number)

V49. Now I would like to ask you something about the things which would seem to you, personally, most important if you were looking for a job. Here are some of the things many people take into account in relation to their work. Regardless of whether you're actually looking for a job, which one would you, personally, place first if you were looking for a job (read out and code one answer):

  • A good income so that you do not have any worries about money (1)
  • A safe job with no risk of closing down or unemployment (2)
  • Working with people you like (3)
  • Doing an important job that gives you a feeling of accomplishment (4)

V50. And what would be your second choice (code one answer):

  • A good income so that you do not have any worries about money (1)
  • A safe job with no risk of closing down or unemployment (2)
  • Working with people you like (3)
  • Doing an important job that gives you a feeling of accomplishment (4)

Please specify for each of the following statements how strongly you agree or disagree with it! Do you strongly agree, agree, neither agree nor disagree, disagree or strongly disagree? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V51. To fully develop your talents, you need to have a job.
  • V52. It is humiliating to receive money without working for it.
  • V53. People who don't work become lazy.
  • V54. Work is a duty toward society.
  • V55. Work should always come first, even if it means less free time.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly agree (1)
  • Agree (2)
  • Neither (3)
  • Disagree (4)
  • Strongly disagree (5)

V56. People have different ideas about following instructions at work. Some say that one should follow one's superior's instructions even when one does not fully agree with them. Others say that one should follow one's superior's instructions only when one is convinced that they are right. With which of these two opinions do you agree?

  • Should follow instructions (1)
  • Must be convinced first (2)
  • Depends [ONLY IF VOLUNTEERED] (3)

Show card G

V57. Are you currently (read out and code one answer only):

  • Married (1)
  • Living together as married (2)
  • Divorced (3)
  • Separated (4)
  • Widowed (5)
  • Single (6)

V58. Have you had any children? (Code 0 if no, and respective number if yes):

  • No children (0)
  • One child (1)
  • Two children (2)
  • Three children (3)
  • Four children (4)
  • Five children (5)
  • Six children (6)
  • Seven children (7)
  • Eight or more children (8)

V59. If someone says a child needs a home with both a father and a mother to grow up happily, would you tend to agree or disagree? (Code one answer):

  • Tend to agree (1)
  • Tend to disagree (2)

V60. Do you think that a woman has to have children in order to be fulfilled or is this not necessary? (Code one answer):

  • Needs children (1)
  • Not necessary (2)

V61. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement (read out): "Marriage is an out-dated institution." (Code one answer):

  • Agree (1)
  • Disagree (2)

V62. If a woman wants to have a child as a single parent but she doesn't want to have a stable relationship with a man, do you approve or disapprove? (Code one answer):

  • Approve (1)
  • Disapprove (2)
  • Depends (do not read out, code only if volunteered) (3)

For each of the following statements I read out, can you tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with each. Do you strongly agree, agree, disagree, or strongly disagree? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V63. Being a housewife is just as fulfilling as working for pay.
  • V64. On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do.
  • V65. A university education is more important for a boy than for a girl.
  • V66. On the whole, men make better business executives than women do.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly agree (1)
  • Agree (2)
  • Disagree (3)
  • Strongly disagree (4)

People pursue different goals in life. For each of the following goals, can you tell me if you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with it? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V67. One of my main goals in life has been to make my parents proud.
  • V68. I seek to be myself rather than to follow others.
  • V69. I make a lot of effort to live up to what my friends expect.
  • V70. I decide my goals in life by myself.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly agree (1)
  • Agree (2)
  • Disagree (3)
  • Strongly disagree (4)

Show card H

V71. How satisfied are you with the financial situation of your household? Please use this card again to help with your answer (code one number):

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Completely dissatisfied” and 10 is “Completely satisfied”.

Show card I

V72. People sometimes talk about what the aims of this country should be for the next ten years. On this card are listed some of the goals which different people would give top priority. Would you please say which one of these you, yourself, consider the most important? (Code one answer only under "first choice")

V73. And which would be the next most important? (Code one answer only under "second choice")

  • A high level of economic growth (1)
  • Making sure this country has strong defense forces (2)
  • Seeing that people have more say about how things are done at their jobs and in their communities (3)
  • Trying to make our cities and countryside more beautiful (4)

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • First choice
  • Second choice

Show card J

V74. If you had to choose, which one of the things on this card would you say is most important? (Code one answer only under "first choice")

V75. And which would be the next most important? (Code one answer only under "second choice")

  • Maintaining order in the nation (1)
  • Giving people more say in important government decisions (2)
  • Fighting rising prices (3)
  • Protecting freedom of speech (4)

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • First choice
  • Second choice

Show card K

V76. Here is another list. In your opinion, which one of these is most important? (Code one answer only under "first choice")

V77. And what would be the next most important? (Code one answer only under "second choice")

  • A stable economy (1)
  • Progress toward a less impersonal and more humane society (2)
  • Progress toward a society in which Ideas count more than money (3)
  • The fight against crime (4)

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • First choice
  • Second choice

V78. Of course, we all hope that there will not be another war, but if it were to come to that, would you be willing to fight for your country? (Code one answer):

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

I'm going to read out a list of various changes in our way of life that might take place in the near future. Please tell me for each one, if it were to happen, whether you think it would be a good thing, a bad thing, or don't you mind? (Code one answer for each):

  • V79. Less importance placed on work in our lives
  • V80. More emphasis on the development of technology
  • V81. Greater respect for authority
  • V82. More emphasis on family life

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Good (1)
  • Don't mind (2)
  • Bad (3)

Show card L

Now I will briefly describe some people. Using this card, would you please indicate for each description whether that person is very much like you, like you, somewhat like you, not like you, or not at all like you? (Code one answer for each description):

  • V83. It is important to this person to think up new ideas and be creative; to do things one's own way.
  • V84. It is important to this person to be rich; to have a lot of money and expensive things.
  • V85. Living in secure surroundings is important to this person; to avoid anything that might be dangerous.
  • V86. It is important to this person to have a good time; to "spoil" oneself.
  • V87. It is important to this person to help the people nearby; to care for their well-being.
  • V88. Being very successful is important to this person; to have people recognize one's achievements.
  • V89. Adventure and taking risks are important to this person; to have an exciting life.
  • V90. It is important to this person to always behave properly; to avoid doing anything people would say is wrong.
  • V91. Looking after the environment is important to this person; to care for nature.
  • V92. Tradition is important to this person; to follow the customs handed down by one's religion or family.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Very much like me (1)
  • Like me (2)
  • Some-what like me (3)
  • A little like me (4)
  • Not like me (5)
  • Not at all like me (6)

V93. In the long run, do you think the scientific advances we are making will help or harm mankind? (Code one answer):

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Will help (1)
  • Will harm (2)
  • Some of each [DO NOT READ OUT] (3)

Show card O

Now, I would like to read some statements and ask how much you agree or disagree with each of these statements. For these questions, a 1 means that you "completely disagree" and a 10 means that you "completely agree." (Code one number for each statement):

  • V94. Science and technology are making our lives healthier, easier, and more comfortable
  • V95. Because of science and technology, there will be more opportunities for the next generation.
  • V96. Science and technology make our way of life change too fast.
  • V97. We depend too much on science and not enough on faith.

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Completely disagree” and 10 is “Completely agree”.

Show card S

V98. All things considered, would you say that the world is better off, or worse off, because of science and technology? Please tell me which comes closest to your view on this scale: 1 means that "the world is a lot worse off," and 10 means that "the world is a lot better off." (Code one number)

V99. How interested would you say you are in politics? Are you (read out and code one answer):

  • Very interested (1)
  • Somewhat interested (2)
  • Not very interested (3)
  • Not at all interested (4)

Show card M

Now I'd like you to look at this card. I'm going to read out some forms of political action that people can take, and I'd like you to tell me, for each one, whether you have done any of these things, whether you might do it or would never under any circumstances do it (read out and code one answer for each action):

  • V100. Signing a petition
  • V101. Joining in boycotts
  • V102. Attending peaceful demonstrations
  • V103. Joining unofficial strikes

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Have done (1)
  • Might do (2)
  • Would never do (3)

Have you or have you not done any of these activities in the last five years? (Read out and code one answer for each action):

  • V104. Signing a petition
  • V105. Joining in boycotts
  • V106. Attending lawful demonstrations
  • V107. Joining unofficial strikes

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Have done (1)
  • Have not done (2)

V108. Here are two statements people sometimes make when discussing the environment and economic growth. Which of them comes closer to your own point of view? (Read out and code one answer):

  • Protecting the environment should be given priority, even if it causes slower economic growth and some loss of jobs. (1)
  • Economic growth and creating jobs should be the top priority, even if the environment suffers to some extent. (2)
  • Other answer (code if volunteered only). (3)

Show card N

I am going to read out some statements about the environment. For each one, can you tell me whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree? (Read out and code one answer for each):

  • V109. I would give part of my income if I were certain that the money would be used to prevent environmental pollution.
  • V110. I would agree to an increase in taxes if the extra money were used to prevent environmental pollution.
  • V111. The Government should reduce environmental pollution, but it should not cost me any money.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly agree (1)
  • Agree (2)
  • Disagree (3)
  • Strongly disagree (4)

I am going to read out a list of environmental problems facing many communities. Please, tell me how serious you consider each one to be here in your own community. Is it very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious or not serious at all? (Read out and code one answer for each problem):

  • V112. Poor water quality.
  • V113. Poor air quality.
  • V114. Poor sewage and sanitation.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Very serious (1)
  • Somewhat serious (2)
  • Not very serious (3)
  • Not serious at all (4)

Now let's consider environmental problems in the world as a whole. Please, tell me how serious you consider each of the following to be for the world as a whole. Is it very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious or not serious at all? (Read out and code one answer for each problem):

  • V115. Global warming or the greenhouse effect.
  • V116. Loss of plant or animal species or biodiversity.
  • V117. Pollution of rivers, lakes and oceans.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Very serious (1)
  • Somewhat serious (2)
  • Not very serious (3)
  • Not serious at all (4)

Show card P

V118. In political matters, people talk of "the left" and "the right." How would you place your views on this scale, generally speaking? (Code one number):

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Left” and 10 is “Right”.

V119. Imagine two secretaries, of the same age, doing practically the same job. One finds out that the other earns considerably more than she does. The better paid secretary, however, is quicker, more efficient and more reliable at her job. In your opinion, is it fair or not fair that one secretary is paid more than the other? (Code one answer):

  • Fair (1)
  • Not fair (2)

Show card Q

V120. Now I'd like you to tell me your views on various issues. How would you place your views on this scale? 1 means you agree completely with the statement on the left; 10 means you agree completely with the statement on the right; and if your views fall somewhere in between, you can choose any number in between. (Code one number for each issue):

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Incomes should be made more equal” and 10 is “We need longer income differences as incentives for indiviual effort”.

V121. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Private ownership of business and industry” and 10 is “Government ownership of business and industry should be increased”.

V122. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “The government should take more responsibility to ensure that everyone is provided for” and 10 is “People should take more responsibility to provide for themselves”.

V123. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Competition is good. It simulates people to work hard and develop new ideas” and 10 is “Competition is harmful. It brings out the worst in people.”

V124. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “In the long run, hard work usually brings a better life” and 10 is “Hard work doesn't generally bring success—it's more a matter of luck and connections.”

V125. On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “People can only get rich at the expense of others” and 10 is “Wealth can grow so there's enough for everyone”.

Show card R

V126. Some people believe that individuals can decide their own destiny, while others think that it is impossible to escape a predetermined fate. Please tell me which comes closest to your view on this scale on which 1 means "everything in life is determined by fate," and 10 means that "people shape their fate themselves." (Code one number):

I'd like to ask you how much you trust people from various groups. Could you tell me for each whether you trust people from this group completely, somewhat, not very much or not at all? (Read out and code one answer for each):

  • V127. Your family
  • V128. Your neighborhood
  • V129. People you know personally
  • V130. People you meet for the first time
  • V131. Canadian people in general
  • V132. French Canadians
  • V133. Recent immigrants
  • V134. Americans
  • V135. People of another nationality
  • V136. People of another religion

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Trust completely (1)
  • Trust somewhat (2)
  • Do not trust very much (3)
  • Do not trust at all (4)

I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them: is it a great deal of confidence, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all? (Read out and code one answer for each):

  • V137. The churches
  • V138. The armed forces
  • V139. The press
  • V140. Television
  • V141. Labor unions
  • V142. The police
  • V143. The courts
  • V144. The government in Ottawa
  • V145. Political parties
  • V146. Parliament
  • V147. The Civil service
  • V148. Major Companies
  • V149. Environmental organizations
  • V150. Women's organizations
  • V151. Charitable or humanitarian organizations
  • V152. NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
  • V153. The United Nations

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • A great deal (1)
  • Quite a lot (2)
  • Not very much (3)
  • None at all (4)

I'm going to describe various types of political systems and ask what you think about each as a way of governing this country. For each one, would you say it is a very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad way of governing this country? (Read out and code one answer for each):

  • V154. Having a strong leader who does not have to bother with parliament and elections
  • V155. Having experts, not government, make decisions according to what they think is best for the country
  • V156. Having the army rule
  • V157. Having a democratic political system

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Very good (1)
  • Fairly good (2)
  • Fairly bad (3)
  • Very bad (4)

Show card T

Many things may be desirable, but not all of them are essential characteristics of democracy. Please tell me for each of the following things how essential you think it is as a characteristic of democracy. Use this scale where 1 means "not at all an essential characteristic of democracy" and 10 means it definitely is "an essential characteristic of democracy" (read out and code one answer for each):

  • V158. Governments tax the rich and subsidize the poor.
  • V159. Religious authorities interpret the laws.
  • V160. People choose their leaders in free elections.
  • V161. People receive government assistance for unemployment.
  • V162. The army takes over when government is incompetent.
  • V163. Civil rights protect people's liberty against oppression.
  • V164. The economy is prospering.
  • V165. Criminals are severely punished.
  • V166. People can change the laws in referendums.
  • V167. Women have the same rights as men.

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Not an essential characteristic of democracy” and 10 is “An essential characteristic of democracy”.

Show card U

V168. How important is it for you to live in a country that is governed democratically? On this scale where 1 means it is "not at all important" and 10 means "absolutely important" what position would you choose? (Code one number)

Show card V

V169. And how democratically is this country being governed today? Again using a scale from 1 to 10, where 1 means that it is "not at all democratic" and 10 means that it is "completely democratic," what position would you choose? (Code one number)

V170. How much respect is there for individual human rights nowadays in this country? Do you feel there is (read out and code one answer):

  • A great deal of respect for individual human rights (1)
  • Some respect (2)
  • Not much respect (3)
  • No respect at all (4)

V171. Have you heard of the Millennium Development Goals?

  1. Yes
  2. No

V172. In 2000, leaders representing almost all the world's countries agreed to carry out a number of programs to improve the lives of the peoples of low-income countries. These programs are known as the Millennium Development Goals. I'm going to read out some of the problems that these programs involve. I would like you to indicate which of these problems you consider most serious. Which of the following problems do you consider the most serious one for the world as a whole? (Read out and code one answer under "most serious for the world")

V173. And which is the second most serious problem for the world as a whole? (Code one answer under "next most serious for the world"):

  • People living in poverty and need. (1)
  • Discrimination against girls and women. (2)
  • Poor sanitation and infectious diseases. (3)
  • Inadequate education. (4)
  • Environmental pollution. (5)

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Most serious in the world
  • Second most serious in the world

V174. Which of these problems do you consider the most serious one in Canada? (Code one answer under "most serious for own country")

V175. And which is the next most serious for Canada? (Code one answer under "next most serious for own country"):

  • People living in poverty and need.
  • Discrimination against girls and women.
  • Poor sanitation and infectious diseases.
  • Inadequate education.
  • Environmental pollution.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Most serious in own country
  • Next most serious in own country

V176. In 2003, this country's government allocated a tenth of one percent of the national income to foreign aid—that is, $43.75 per person. Do you think this amount is too low, too high, or about right? (Code one answer):

  • Too low (1)
  • About right (2)
  • Too high (3)

* [Restate this figure using information for your country from the 1st table at the end of this document!]
** [Restate this figure using information for your country from the 2nd table at the end of this document!]
(If respondent answered "too low," go to next question! Otherwise skip next question!)

V177. Would you be willing to pay higher taxes in order to increase your country's foreign aid to poor countries? (Code one answer!)

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

V178. Thinking about Canada's problems, should Canadian leaders give top priority to help reducing poverty in the world or should they give top priority to solving this country's problems? Use this scale where 1 means "top priority to help reducing misery in the world" and 10 means "top priority to solve my own country's problems." (Code one answer):

Some people believe that certain kinds of problems could be better handled by the United Nations or regional organizations, such as the European Union, rather than by each national government separately. Others think that these problems should be left entirely to the national governments. I'm going to mention some problems. For each one, would you tell me whether you think that policies in this area should be decided by the national governments, by regional organizations, or by the United Nations? (Read out and code one answer for each problem):

  • V179. Peacekeeping
  • V180. Protection of the environment
  • V181. Aid to developing countries
  • V182. Refugees
  • V183. Human Rights

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • National governments (1)
  • Regional organizations (2)
  • United Nations (3)

V184. Now let's turn to another topic. How often, if at all, do you think about the meaning and purpose of life? (Read out and code one answer!)

  • Often (1)
  • Sometimes (2)
  • Rarely (3)
  • Never (4)

V185. Do you belong to a religion or religious denomination? If yes, which one? (Code answer due to list below. Code 0, if respondent answers to have no denomination!)

No:

  • do not belong to a denomination (0)

Yes:

  • Roman Catholic (1)
  • Protestant (2)
  • Orthodox (Russian/Greek/etc.) (3)
  • Jewish (4)
  • Muslim (5)
  • Hindu (6)
  • Buddhist (7)
  • Other (write in) (8)

(NOTE: If your own society does not fit into this coding system, please devise an alternative, following this as closely as possible; for example, in Islamic countries, ask about Sunni, Shia, etc. Send a list of the categories used here along with your data.)

Show card X

V186. Apart from weddings and funerals, about how often do you attend religious services these days? (Code one answer):

  • More than once a week (1)
  • Once a week (2)
  • Once a month (3)
  • Only on special holidays (4)
  • Once a year (5)
  • Less often (6)
  • Never, practically never (7)

(NOTE: In Islamic societies, ask how frequently the respondent prays!)

V187. Independently of whether you attend religious services or not, would you say you are (read out and code one answer):

  • A religious person (1)
  • Not a religious person (2)
  • An atheist (3)

Generally speaking, do you think that the churches in your country are giving adequate answers to (read out and code one answer for each):

  • V188. The moral problems and needs of the individual
  • V189. The problems of family life
  • V190. People's spiritual needs
  • V191. The social problems facing our society

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

Show card Y

V192. How important is God in your life? Please use this scale to indicate. 10 means "very important" and 1 means "not at all important." (Code one number)

V193. Do you take some moments of prayer, meditation or contemplation or something like that?

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

Show card Z

How strongly do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V194. Politicians who do not believe in God are unfit for public office.
  • V195. Religious leaders should not influence how people vote in elections.
  • V196. It would be better for Canada if more people with strong religious beliefs held public office.
  • V197. Religious leaders should not influence government decisions.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly agree (1)
  • Agree (2)
  • Neither agree nor disagree (3)
  • Disagree (4)
  • Strongly disagree (5)

Show card AA

Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between, using this card. (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V198. Claiming government benefits to which you are not entitled
  • V199. Avoiding a fare on public transport
  • V200. Cheating on taxes if you have a chance
  • V201. Someone accepting a bribe in the course of their duties
  • V202. Homosexuality
  • V203. Prostitution
  • V204. Abortion
  • V205. Divorce
  • V206. Euthanasia—ending of the life of the incurable sick
  • V207. Suicide
  • V208. For a man to beat his wife

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is Never justifiable and 10 is Always justifiable.

Show card AB

People have different views about themselves and how they relate to the world. Using this card, would you tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about how you see yourself? (Read out and code one answer for each statement):

  • V209. I see myself as a world citizen.
  • V210. I see myself as member of my local community.
  • V211. I see myself as citizen of Canada as a whole.
  • V212. I see myself as citizen of North America.
  • V213. I see myself as a citizen of my province or region.
  • V214. I see myself as a citizen of a country other than Canada
  • V215. I see myself as an autonomous individual.

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly agree (1)
  • Agree (2)
  • Disagree (3)
  • Strongly disagree (4)

V216. How proud are you to be Canadian? (Read out and code one answer):

  • Very proud (1)
  • Quite proud (2)
  • Not very proud (3)
  • Not at all proud (4)
  • I am not Canadian (do not read out! Code only if volunteered!) (5)

V217. Were you born in Canada?

  1. Yes (ASK 218, SKIP 219)
  2. No (SKIP 218, ASK 219)

V218. Are your mother or father immigrants to this country or not? Please, indicate separately for each of them (read out and code one answer for each):

  1. Mother
  2. Father

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Immigrant (1)
  • Not an immigrant (2)

V219a In what country were you born? WRITE IN

V219b How many years have you lived in Canada? (CODE IN ACTUAL YEARS)

V220 Do you think that immigrants in Canada are treated:

  1. Better than other Canadians
  2. About the same as other Canadians
  3. Worse than other Canadians
  4. Much worse than other Canadians

Some people think that there should be requirements for immigrants getting citizenship in Canada. For each of the following requirements, do you consider it very important, rather important or not important at all for getting citizenship in this country (read out and code one answer for each requirement):

V221. Having relatives in Canada

V222. Adopting Canada's customs

V223. Abiding by Canadian laws

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Important (1)
  • Rather important (2)
  • Not important (3)

Show card AC

V224. Thinking now about cultural diversity. Here are two statements. Which comes closest to your own view? 1 means you agree completely with the statement on the left; 10 means you agree completely with the statement on the right; and if your views fall somewhere in between, you can choose any number in between. (Code one number for each issue):

On a scale of 1 to 10, where 1 is “Cultural diversity undermines Canadian unity” and 10 is “Cultural diversity enriches life in Canada”.

V225. When it comes to people from other countries coming here to work. Which one of the following do you think the government should do? (Read out and code one answer):

  • Let anyone come who wants to? (1)
  • Let people come as long as there are jobs available? (2)
  • Place strict limits on the number of foreigners who can come here? (3)
  • Prohibit people coming here from other countries? (4)

V226. What language do you normally speak at home? (Code one answer!)

  • English (1)
  • French (2)
  • Other (Specify) (3)

People use different sources to learn what is going on in their country and the world. For each of the following sources, please indicate whether you used it last week or did not use it last week to obtain information (read out and code one answer for each):

  • V227. Daily newspaper
  • V228. News broadcasts on radio or TV
  • V229. Printed magazines
  • V230. In depth reports on radio or TV
  • V231. Books
  • V232. Internet, Email
  • V233. Talk with friends or colleagues

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Used it last week (1)
  • Did not use it last week (2)

V234. How often, if ever, do you use a personal computer? (Read out and code one answer):

  • Never (SKIP V235-V243) (1)
  • Occasionally (2)
  • Frequently (3)
  • Don't know what a computer is (do not read out, code only if volunteered!) (SKIP V235-V243) (4)

And can you tell me how often you use the following technologies?

  • V235 Internet
  • V236 Email
  • V237 Satellite Television or Digital Cable
  • V238 Cellular telephone
  • V239 High Speed Internet

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Every Day (1)
  • A few times a week (2)
  • A few times a month (3)
  • A few times a year (4)
  • Hardly Ever (5)
  • Never (6)

How often do you use a computer for…

  • V240 Work
  • V241 Downloading or uploading music or video files
  • V242 Online chat (including MSN/Yahoo Messenger)
  • V243 Video Games

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Every Day (1)
  • A few times a week (2)
  • A few times a month (3)
  • A few times a year (4)
  • Hardly Ever (5)
  • Never (6)

Show card AD

V244. If there were a federal election tomorrow, for which party on this list would you vote? Just call out the number on this card. If you are uncertain, which party appeals to you most? (Code one answer):

  • Liberal (1)
  • Conservative (2)
  • N.D.P (3)
  • Bloc Quebecois (4)
  • Other Party (Specify) (5)
  • None [ONLY IF VOLUNTEERED] (6)

V245. And which party would be your second choice? If you are uncertain, which one appeals you second most? (Code one answer):

  • Liberal (1)
  • Conservative (2)
  • N.D.P (3)
  • Bloc Quebecois (4)
  • Other Party (Specify) (5)
  • None [ONLY IF VOLUNTEERED] (6)

In your opinion, should Canada have closer, or more distant, economic ties with…

  • V246 Europe
  • V247 Japan
  • V248 Mexico
  • V249 United States
  • V250 China

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Much Closer (1)
  • Somewhat Closer (2)
  • Somewhat distant (3)
  • Much more distant (4)

V251 Most European countries now have a common currency. Do you oppose or support the idea of North America adopting the U.S. dollar as a common currency.

  1. Strongly oppose
  2. Oppose
  3. Support
  4. Strongly Support

Show card BB

Would you favor or oppose having Canada and the United States form one country…

(STRONGLY OR SLIGHTLY) ?

  • V252A. If it meant that you would enjoy a higher standard of living
  • V252B. If it means losing this country's cultural identity
  • V252C. If it meant that we could deal more effectively with environment issues like acid rain and air pollution
  • V252D. If it meant that Canada would form 12 new states in the United States
  • V252E. If it meant slightly lower taxes but fewer government services
  • V252F. If it meant a better quality of life

Please indicate your level of agreement with the following options.

  • Strongly favour (1)
  • Favor (2)
  • Neither favour nor oppose (3)
  • Oppose (4)
  • Strongly oppose (5)

V253 All things considered, do you think that we should do away with the border between Canada and the United States?

  • Favor (1)
  • Oppose (2)

V254. When you get together with your friends, would you say you discuss political matters frequently, occasionally or never?

  • Frequently (1)
  • Occasionally (2)
  • Never (3)

V255. Did you vote in Canada's recent federal election? (Code one answer):

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

Demographics

V256. (Code respondent's sex by observation):

  • Male (1)
  • Female(2)

V257. Can you tell me your year of birth, please? 19(blank) (write in last two digits)

V258. This means you are (blank) years old (write in age in two digits).

V259. What is the highest educational level that you have attained? [NOTE: if respondent indicates to be a student, code highest level s/he expects to complete]:

  • No formal education (1)
  • Incomplete primary school (2)
  • Complete primary school (3)
  • Incomplete secondary school (4)
  • Incomplete College/CEGEP (5)
  • Complete College/CEGEP (6)
  • Some university-level education, without degree (7)
  • University-level education, with degree (8)

V260. At what age did you (or will you) complete your full time education, either at school or at an institution of higher education? Please exclude apprenticeships [NOTE: if respondent indicates to be a student, code highest level s/he expects to complete]: (write in age in two digits)

V261. Do you rent or own your place of residence? (Code one answer):

  • Rent (1)
  • Own (2)
  • Neither (e.g. live with parents/relatives) (3)

V262. Are you employed now or not? If yes, about how many hours a week? If more than one job: only for the main job (code one answer):

Yes, has paid employment:

  • Full time employee (30 hours a week or more) (1)
  • Part time employee (less than 30 hours a week) (2)
  • Self employed (3)
  • No, no paid employment: (0)
  • Retired/pensioned (4)
  • Housewife not otherwise employed (5)
  • Student (6)
  • Unemployed (7)
  • Other (write in) (8)

(NOTE: If answer is "yes" and respondent has a job, continue with next question. If no, continue with V268!)

V263. In which profession/occupation do you work? If more than one job, the main job? What is/was your job there? (write in and code due to list below but do not read out list!)

  • Employer/manager of establishment with 10 or more employees (1)
  • Employer/manager of establishment with less than 10 employees (2)
  • Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc (3)
  • Supervisory - office worker: supervises others. (4)
  • Non-manual - office worker: non-supervisory (5)
  • Foreman and supervisor (6)
  • Skilled manual worker (7)
  • Semi-skilled manual worker (8)
  • Unskilled manual worker (9)
  • Farmer: has own farm (10)
  • Agricultural worker (11)
  • Member of armed forces, security personnel (12)
  • Never had a job (13)

V264. Are you working for the government or for a private business or industry? (read out and code one answer):

  • Government or public organization (1)
  • Private business or industry (2)
  • Private non-profit organization (if volunteered) (3)

V265. Are the tasks you perform at work mostly manual or non-manual? Use this scale where 1 means "mostly manual tasks" and 10 means "mostly non-manual tasks" (Code one answer):

V266. Are the tasks you perform at work mostly routine tasks or mostly not routine? Use this scale where 1 means "mostly routine tasks" and 10 means "mostly not routine tasks" (Code one answer):

V266. How much independence do you have in performing your tasks at work? Use this scale to indicate your degree of independence where 1 means "no independence at all" and 10 means "complete independence" (Code one answer):

V267. Do you supervise other people at work? (Code one answer):

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

V268. Are you the chief wage earner in your household? (Code one answer):

  • Yes (in this case skip next two questions and continue with V271) (1)
  • No (in this case continue with next question) (2)

V269. Is the chief wage earner of your household employed now or not? (Code one answer):

  • Yes (1)
  • No (2)

V270. In which profession/occupation does he/she work (or did work)? If more than one job, the main job? What is/was his/her job there?
(write in and code due to list below but do not read out list!)

  • Employer/manager of establishment with 10 or more employees (1)
  • Employer/manager of establishment with less than 10 employees (2)
  • Professional worker lawyer, accountant, teacher, etc (3)
  • Supervisory - office worker: supervises others. (4)
  • Non-manual - office worker: non-supervisory (5)
  • Foreman and supervisor (6)
  • Skilled manual worker (7)
  • Semi-skilled manual worker (8)
  • Unskilled manual worker (9)
  • Farmer: has own farm (10)
  • Agricultural worker (11)
  • Member of armed forces, security personnel (12)
  • Never had a job (13)

V271. During the past year, did your family (read out and code one answer):

  • Save money (1)
  • Just get by (2)
  • Spent some savings (3)
  • Spent savings and borrowed money (4)

V272. People sometimes describe themselves as belonging to the working class, the middle class, or the upper or lower class. Would you describe yourself as belonging to the (read out and code one answer):

  • Upper class (1)
  • Upper middle class (2)
  • Lower middle class (3)
  • Working class (4)
  • Lower class (5)

Show card AE

V273. Here is a scale of incomes. We would like to know in what group your household is, counting all wages, pensions and other incomes that come in. Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions.

  1. Up to 12 500
  2. 12 501 to 20 000
  3. 20 001 to 27 500
  4. 27 501 to 35 000
  5. 35 001 to 42 500
  6. 42 501 to 50 000
  7. 50 001 to 62 500
  8. 62 501 to 75 000
  9. 75 501 to 100 000
  10. 100 001 to 150 000
  11. 150 001 or more

V274. (Code how interested the respondent was during the interview):

  • Respondent was very interested (1)
  • Respondent was somewhat interested (2)
  • Respondent was not interested (3)

V275. (Code size of town):

  • Under 2,000 (1)
  • 2,000 - 5,000 (2)
  • 5 - 10,000 (3)
  • 10 - 20,000 (4)
  • 20 - 50,000 (5)
  • 50 - 100,000 (6)
  • 100 - 500,000 (7)
  • 500,000 and more (8)

V276a (Code ethnic group of Respondent by observation):

  • Caucasian white (1)
  • Negro Black (2)
  • South Asian Indian, Pakistani, etc. (3)
  • East Asian Chinese, Japanese, etc. (4)
  • Arabic, Central Asian (5)
  • Other (write in) (6)

V276b (Code ethnic group of Interviewer):

  • Caucasian white (1)
  • Negro Black (2)
  • South Asian Indian, Pakistani, etc. (3)
  • East Asian Chinese, Japanese, etc. (4)
  • Arabic, Central Asian (5)
  • Other (write in) (6)

V277. (Code province where the interview was conducted):

  • Prince Edward Island (1)
  • Nova Scotia (2)
  • New Brunswick (3)
  • Quebec (4)
  • Ontario (5)
  • Manitoba (6)
  • Saskatchewan (7)
  • Alberta (8)
  • British Columbia (9)
  • Newfoundland (10)

V278. (Code language in which interview was conducted):

  • English (1)
  • French (2)
  • Other (Write in) (3)
    [NOTE: if relevant, use codes appropriate to your own society]

V279 Insert Postal Code of Respondent's residence

V280. Weight variable (Provide a 4-digit weight variable to correct your sample to reflect national distributions of key variables. If no weighting is necessary, simply code each case as "1." It is especially important to correct for education. For example, if your sample contains 10 percent more university-educated respondents as there are in the adult population, members of this group should be downweighted by 10 percent, giving them a weight of .9, coded as "90").

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