Application for Canadian citizenship – Minors (under 18 years of age) applying under subsection 5(1) – (CIT 0403)

Table of Contents


This is not a legal document. For legal information, refer to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations or the Citizenship Act and Regulations, as applicable.

This publication is available in alternative formats upon request.


Overview

Application package

This application package has:

  • an instruction guide, and
  • the forms you need to fill out.

The instruction guide:

  • has information you must know before you submit your application and
  • explains how to fill out the forms and gather your supporting documents.

Read the instruction guide completely and then fill out each of the applicable forms.

The forms are designed with questions that will help the processing of your application.


Symbols used in this guide

This guide uses these symbols to draw your attention to important information:

Required step

What you must do to have your application processed.

Important information

Important information that you need to know to avoid delays or other problems.

Get more information

Where to get more information.

Note:

Tips that will help you with this application.



Before applying

Who should use this application

This application is meant for those who:

  • are minors under 18 years of age,
  • are permanent residents (landed immigrants) of Canada,
  • meet the citizenship physical presence requirements.
  • do not already have a Canadian parent
  • are not applying for citizenship at the same time as their parent or who wish to qualify on their own

If the minor is applying at the same time as their parent, or already has a Canadian parent, please use the Application for Canadian citizenship - Minors (under 18 years of age) under subsection 5(2)

Exception to citizenship by birth in Canada

A child born in Canada is not a Canadian at birth if they were born to:

  • a foreign diplomat,
  • a representative or employee in Canada of a foreign government,
  • a foreign diplomat’s, representative’s or employee’s employee or an officer or employee of a specialized agency of the United Nations or another international organization who is granted diplomatic privileges or immunities.

This does not apply if the other parent was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth.

Who can submit the application on behalf of the minor

A person with custody of the minor, or who is empowered to act on the minor’s behalf can submit the application. This can be:

  • a biological parent with legal custody of the minor
  • an adoptive parent with legal custody of the minor
  • a person or agency that can provide court documents confirming custody of the minor
  • a person or agency that can provide an order of permanent guardianship of the minor

Note:

A step-parent or grand-parent is not considered a parent for citizenship application purposes unless that step parent or grandparent has legally adopted the minor or has legal custody of the minor.

If necessary, we may ask for proof that a biological or adoptive parent has custody of or is empowered to act on the minor’s behalf

Waiver of the requirement that a person applies on behalf of the Minor Applicant

The Citizenship Act requires applications for minors (under 18) applying under subsection 5(1) be submitted by:

  • a person who has custody of the minor, or
  • by a person who is empowered to act on behalf of the minor by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law.

In exceptional cases, a minor will not have access to an individual who meets this criteria. The Citizenship Act allows for the minor to apply where the Minister waives this requirement. For us to consider the application, a minor must request a waiver of this requirement. To request a waiver, the minor must check the boxes in sections 1B and 12 of the application form declaring that they cannot obtain the necessary signature of the person who can make the application and are therefore requesting a waiver of this requirement.

We will only consider the request if these boxes are checked and may ask for supporting documents or evidence to support the request for a waiver.

The act of checking the boxes is not a confirmation or indication that the waiver request is accepted. We will consider the request and communicate the decision to the minor or individual, firm or organization appointed by the minor as appropriate.

If the waiver request is not accepted, we will not be able to accept the application for processing without the application being submitted by a person who is eligible to do so. We will return the application to you and refund the application fee.

Citizenship physical presence requirements

The Citizenship Act requires a person to be physically present in Canada:

  • for at least 1095 days in the 5 years immediately before the date of the application

How do I calculate my physical presence?

Each applicant must complete

If you have difficulty using the On-line Physical Presence Calculator, you may submit the How to calculate presence form (CIT 0407).

Note: Is the minor applying too early? If the minor applies before they meet the physical presence requirements, they will not qualify for citizenship. The application will be returned and the minor will have to re-apply later.

We encourage everyone to apply a few days after they have reached the minimum 1095 day requirement to account for any miscalculations of absences or any other aspect that could lower their physical presence total below 1095 days.


What are the other requirements for citizenship?

The minor must:

  • have met any applicable requirement under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes for three (3) taxation years that are fully or partially within the five (5) years immediately before you apply;
  • if 14 years of age or older, take the Oath of Citizenship

The minor must not:

  • be subject to any prohibition under the Citizenship Act (see section 8 of the application form), and/or
  • be under a removal order (asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada); and/or
  • have any unfulfilled immigration conditions linked to their permanent resident status.

Family applications

If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship, send all the applications together in the same envelope. The applications will be processed together. If one or more family members' applications are incomplete, ALL of the applications will be returned.



Important information

Possible loss of other citizenship

The minor could lose their present nationality or citizenship if they become a Canadian citizen. If you have any questions about this, please contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country of the minor’s present nationality before  applying for Canadian citizenship.


Step 1. Gather documents

What documents are required?

Use the Document Checklist (CIT 0560) (PDF, 761.51KB) to help you gather the necessary documents.

Note: If any of the required documents are missing, or photocopies are not clear, the application will be returned. Additional documents may be required during the processing of the application.

1. Biographical page of passports and travel documents

The biographical page means the page that has the minor’s name, photo, passport or travel document number, issue date and expiration date.

Provide photocopies of the biographical pages of all passports and/or travel documents (valid and cancelled) for the five (5) year period immediately before the date of the minor’s application, or since the minor became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent.

Also, provide photocopies of any renewal pages of the passports and travel documents.

Important notes:

  • If the minor does not have any of these documents please explain in question 7D.
  • If there are any gaps in time between validity periods of the minor’s passports or travel documents during the past five (5) years, or since the minor became a permanent resident (whichever is more recent), explain in question 7E.
  • If the validity period of your passport was extended, include a photocopy of the pages with the extension stamp(s).

Format: Clear and legible photocopy

2. Two (2) pieces of personal identification

Both pieces of identification should show the name and date of birth of the minor. One must have the minor’s photo on it.

Examples include:

  • Identity card issued by a provincial/territorial/federal government
  • Social services card
  • a Canadian driver’s licence
  • a Canadian health insurance card
  • School ID card
  • a copy of the biographical page of a passport/travel document, etc.

If there is information on both sides of the personal identification documents, provide a photocopy of both sides.

Note: Social Insurance Number (SIN) cards, bank cards and credit cards are not acceptable pieces of identification.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy.

Note: The minor’s permanent resident card cannot be used as identification.

3. Payment receipt

For more information. For more information. See Step 3. Pay the Fees

Receipt showing total payment of application fees.

4. Additional documents (as required)

Possible documents are:

  • supporting documents to prove a name change,
  • supporting documents to prove a date of birth correction.

Format: Clear and legible photocopy.

  • translations of documents that are not in English or French

Format: See “Translation of documents

5. Print out of the On-line Physical Presence Calculator; or How to calculate Physical Presence (CIT 0407) form

Calculation of the minor’s physical presence fully completed, dated and signed.

The Online Physical Presence Calculator is the preferred method to calculate physical presence in Canada. You must include the printout from the Internet with the application. If you or the minor experience difficulty with the Online Physical Presence Calculator, you may submit the form How to calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407).

Format: Original.

6. Residence Outside Canada form (CIT 0177) fully completed, dated, and signed, if applicable.

You can count certain periods of time spent outside of Canada during the relevant period as physical presence in Canada.  If the minor meets the conditions noted in question 7K on the application form, please submit the form Residence Outside Canada (CIT 0177) (PDF, 667.46KB) with the minor’s application.

Format: Original.

7. Police certificate(s) (as required)

The minor must provide a police certificate for each country, other than Canada, where they were present for a total of 183 days or more while they were 14 years of age or older during the four (4) years immediately before the date of the application.

See How to get a police certificate (police check) for specific and up-to-date information about how to get police certificates from any country.

Note: If you are unable to obtain a police certificate for the minor from any country, please explain in question 7L on the application form.

Format: Original.

8. Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), if applicable.

For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.

Format: Original.

Important information: If you are completing this application for a minor under 18 years of age, remember all instructions apply to the minor.


Name change

Consult the information below to determine the documents that are to be included with your application.

If you have legally changed your name within Canada

Then you must submit a copy of the change of name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both your previous and amended names.

The following documents are accepted:

  • Legal change of name document
  • Court order specifying name change
  • Adoption order

The following documents are accepted for changes to family name only:

  • Marriage certificate
  • Divorce decree
  • Registration or declaration of union issued by civil authorities
  • Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities
  • Registration for common-law relationship, in provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing in Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • A document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and
  • A document in the new name from Canadian provinces or territories (ex. driver's license, health card, age of majority card, senior citizen’s identification card, or social service card)

If you have legally changed your name outside Canada and are residing outside Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • a foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • a document that links your previous name to your new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and
  • an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which you reside that displays the new name, such as:
    • a foreign passport or other travel documents, if you are a dual citizen;
    • a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card.

If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your name, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of name.

Important information: Once processing of your application has begun a name change can only be made due to an administrative error made by the Department, or a legal change of name.

Important information: You cannot request a change of an adopted person’s name after Part 2 of the application has been submitted.
If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the request for a change of name, the name that appears on the citizenship certificate will be the name listed on the adoption order.


Changing sex designation

If you are requesting a change of sex designation, you must submit proof to support the request. See below for the list of acceptable documents you may submit.

Documentary evidence issued in Canada

To request a change of sex designation where the documentary evidence was issued in Canada, you must submit one of the following documents issued by a provincial or territorial authority:

  • a legal document issued by provincial or territorial vital statistics organizations showing a change of sex designation;
  • a court order; or
  • an amended birth certificate showing a change of sex designation.

IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery to amend the sex designation on documents. However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice.

If you have an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence because of errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your sex, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of sex.

Note: Your provincial or territorial identification (such as a driver’s license) is not enough to process a change of sex designation. You must submit:

  • one of the documents listed above, or
  • a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) as listed below.

If you cannot get any of the documentary evidence listed above, you must submit the following document:

  • a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) (PDF, 1.52MB) stating:
    • that your gender identity matches the requested change in sex designation,
    • that you are living full-time in the gender corresponding to the sex designation requested to appear on the IRCC document, and
    • the reason why you could not submit a provincial or territorial document (see requirements for witnesses below);

Note: If you do not explain why you did not submit a provincial or territorial document, your application will be returned as incomplete.

If you are residing in Canada, the Request form for a Change of Sex Designation will need to be witnessed and sworn in the presence of:

  • a notary public,
  • a commissioner of taking oaths, or
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits.

If you are residing outside Canada, it must be sworn in the presence of a notary public.

Documentary evidence issued outside Canada

If your documentary evidence is issued outside Canada, you must submit the following:

IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery in order to amend the sex designation on documents. However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice.

If you are residing in Canada, supplementary photo identification can include the following documents issued by a Canadian province or territory:

  • a driver's license;
  • a health card;
  • an age of majority card;
  • a social services card;
  • a senior citizen identification card.

If you are residing outside Canada, supplementary photo identification can include:

  • an amended foreign passport, for dual Canadian citizens; or
  • a national or state identification card.

Any copy of a foreign passport or national authoritative document should show:

  • the document type and number,
  • the issuance date and expiry date, and
  • your full name, photo and date of birth.

Note: If you are unable to provide photo identification in the amended sex designation, you must explain why (example: fear of persecution or you were not able to amend foreign documents before you amended your Canadian documents). If you do not provide photo identification and you have failed to provide an adequate reason, the application will be returned as incomplete.


Date of birth correction

The date of birth on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on your immigration document unless you:

  • have corrected your date of birth on your immigration document or
  • have legally changed it after arriving in Canada or
  • are requesting a different date of birth for your citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.
  • If your date of birth has been corrected on your immigration document
    then you must provide a copy of
    • an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM  5292 or IMM 5688), and
    • your new corrected Permanent Resident Card (if you have one).
  • If you have legally changed your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order
    then you must provide a copy of
  • If you did not change your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order
    and
    your date of birth has not been corrected on your immigration document

    then you must provide a copy of

Important information: You cannot request a change in your date of birth after your application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the date of birth requested, the citizenship certificate will reflect the date of birth indicated on your immigration document.

Important information: If you do not have a provincial/territorial court order changing your date of birth, you must first request an amendment to your immigration document before requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate.

For more information. For information on amending your immigration document refer to the guide Request to Amend the Immigration Record of Landing or your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM  5218)


Translation of documents

You must send the following for any document that is not in English or French, unless otherwise stated on your document checklist:

  • the English or French translation; and
  • an affidavit from the person who completed the translation (see below for details); and
  • a certified copy of the original document.

Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French and the unofficial language).

If the translation isn’t done by a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada, you must submit an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator. A certified translator will provide both a certified translation and certified copies of the original documents.

The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside of Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.

small exclamation warning signImportant information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.

Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country where the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified in Canada don’t need to supply an affidavit.



Note

Photographs

You must:

  • provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs;
  • print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo;
  • follow the steps explained on the form; and
  • not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application.

Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.


Step 2. Complete the application

Filling out the application

Follow the step-by-step instructions below to complete the application form.

You must fill out and submit the following forms:

Important information: If you are completing this application for a minor under 18 years of age, remember all questions are about the minor.

Note: The information you provide on the application form and supporting documents may be subject to verification. Throughout the application process, if the minor or someone acting on the minor’s behalf provides any misleading or fraudulent information or withholds any information that could cause an error in the administration of the Citizenship Act, the application could be refused, charges could be laid for an offence under the Citizenship Act and/or the minor could be prohibited from reapplying for citizenship for five (5) years.



Important information

Be complete and accurate

Complete all sections. If a section does not apply to you, write “Not Applicable” or “NA”. If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and this will delay the processing of your application.

If you need more space for any section, print out an additional page containing the appropriate section, complete it and submit it along with your application.


Section 1

Question 1

Check the appropriate box to indicate if you are:

1A: The person with custody of, or who is empowered to act on behalf of the minor; or;

1B: The minor who does not have access to a person eligible to apply on their behalf and will be seeking a waiver of this requirement. The minor will also have to check the appropriate box in Section 12 of the application form.


Section 2

Question 2A

What is your preferred language for correspondence and interview of the minor applicant? English or French?

Question 2B

Check the box to indicate if the minor has any special needs that require accommodation. If yes, please explain.

Special needs are described as:

  • wheelchair access,
  • sign language interpretation (for example, deaf individuals may have a sign language interpreter to assist with the assessment of “listening and speaking” ability),
  • personal assistance (for example, you will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.),
  • visually impaired (for example, the study guide is available in large print, audio version or Braille).

Note: It is important to provide this information so that we can make the necessary arrangements to accommodate minor applicants who will require assistance.


Section 3

Question 3

Has the minor applied for Canadian citizenship before? If yes, write the year when the minor last applied.


Section 4

Question 4A

Copy the Client ID# or Unique Client Identifier (UCI) exactly as it appears on the minor's immigration document. Immigration documents include the minor's:

  • Permanent Resident Card (PR Card)
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM5292 or IMM 5688)
  • Record of landing (IMM 1000)
    • if there is no client ID number listed, provide the document number located at the bottom right corner that begins with a W followed by 9 digits (Example: W 012 345 678)
Question 4B

Write the minor's last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) exactly as they appear on their immigration document. If the minor's name was shortened (truncated) on the immigration document, it will appear in full length on their citizenship certificate, up to 50 characters for the family name(s) and 50 characters for the given name(s).

Question 4C

Write the minor’s last name (surname/family name) and given name(s), if different from question 4B.

Important information: You must provide supporting documents for any change of the minor’s name. See: “Name change” in the Gather Documents section.

Question 4D

Write if the minor:

  • has used another name in the past (such as their birth name), or
  • is known by a name other than the one listed above (such as a nickname or community name).
Question 4E

A waiver of this requirement can be requested in section 12 of the application form. The person submitting the application on behalf of the minor applicant would have checked question 1A on the application form.

Therefore, in this section:

  • Indicate your relationship to the minor.
  • Indicate your name (last name, given names), address (provide the name and address of the Organization/Agency if applicable), telephone number and e-mail address. If you provide your email address, we may correspond with you about the minor’s application via email where possible.

The Citizenship Act requires that applications for minors (those under 18 years of age) applying under subsection 5(1) be submitted by a person who has custody of the minor, or who is empowered to act on behalf of the minor by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law unless otherwise ordered by a court. You must submit one of the following documents:

  • A birth certificate listing you as the parent;
  • Adoption order;
  • Documents issued by the provincial/territorial courts granting custodial guardianship;
  • order of permanent guardianship

Section 5

Question 5A

Write the minor’s:

  • date of birth exactly as it appears on their immigration document (examples are noted in Question 4A above), and
  • place of birth, including the city or town and country.

Is the minor requesting a different date of birth on their citizenship certificate?

If yes, see Date of birth correction section in this guide in Gather Documents.

Note: A request for a different date of birth is subject to approval by IRCC.

Question 5B

Check the box or indicate the minor’s:

  • sex (whether they are male or female),
  • height (how tall they are), either in centimetres or feet/inches,
  • eye colour.

Important information: This information must be completed for our records. Sex, eye colour and height will be shown on the minor’s citizenship certificate.


Section 6

Question 6A

Please indicate the minor’s current residential (home) address (e.g. where the minor lives), complete with:

  • street address,
  • city or town,
  • province or territory,
  • country
  • postal code.
Question 6B

Complete if the minor’s mailing address is different from their home address.

If the mailing address belongs to a representative, you must indicate their mailing address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.

Question 6C

List the telephone number(s) where the minor can be reached (as applicable).

Question 6D

Write how long the minor has lived at their current residential/home address.

Question 6E

Indicate the minor’s email address using this format (if applicable): name@provider.net.

If the minor will be requesting a waiver in Section 12 of the application form, if approved, we may correspond with the minor about the application via e-mail where applicable. If the email address belongs to a representative, you must indicate their email address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.


Section 7

The relevant period

The relevant period is the period in which the minor must demonstrate that they were physically present as a permanent resident in Canada. This information is used to determine if the minor has met the physical presence requirements for Canadian citizenship. The minimum amount of time the minor needs to be in Canada to be eligible for citizenship is 1095 days within the five years immediately before applying. This means that the minor’s relevant period starts a minimum of 1095 days before the application form is signed.

Question 7A

Write the date when the minor became a permanent resident (landed immigrant).

To find this date, refer to the minor’s:

  • Record of Landing – IMM 1000 (box 45),
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5292 (box 45),
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5688 (Personal information),
  • Permanent resident card (back).

The minor’s entry to Canada and status will be verified with Canadian officials. If conditions were imposed when the minor was granted permanent resident status and the minor has not complied with these conditions, you should contact your local IRCC office to clarify this situation before applying for citizenship. The minor cannot be granted citizenship if they have unfulfilled (outstanding) conditions relating to their status as a permanent resident.

Question 7B
Indicate the date when the minor first came to Canada to live.
Question 7C
List all countries of which the minor is a citizen.
Question 7D
Check the box to indicate if the minor has all of the required photocopies of passports or travel documents for the five (5) years immediately before the date of the application or since the minor became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent. If the required photocopies are not available, please explain why in the space provided.
Question 7E
Check the box to indicate if there are any gaps in time in the validity period of the minor’s passports or travel documents for the five (5) years immediately before the date of the application or since the minor became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent. If there are gaps in time, please explain why in the space provided.
Question 7F
Indicate if the minor is a permanent resident (or the equivalent) of any other country other than Canada. If yes, list the country (countries) and the date the minor obtained this status for each country.
Question 7G

Indicate all of the minor’s Canadian addresses, including postal codes, for the five (5) years before the date of the application or since the minor became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent.

If the minor was residing, employed or attending school outside Canada, you must list all of their foreign addresses, including the postal codes.

Question 7H

Check the box in A and B to indicate if the minor has worked or studied in the past five (5) years before the date of the application or since the minor became a permanent resident, whichever is more recent.

Complete the chart in section C. Include all of the minor’s work and education history including English/French language training for this period.

If the minor was not employed, attending school or participating in a training program, (i.e. the minor was unemployed, volunteering, etc.) this time must be listed under “Work/Education”, with the time period indicated. Do not exclude any period of time during the relevant period. Do not leave this section blank. If you do, your application will be returned to you.

Question 7I

To determine if the minor was required, under the Income Tax Act, to file income taxes, please refer to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) information on Newcomers to Canada (immigrants).

Check the box in A or B to indicate whether or not the minor has a Social Insurance Number (SIN), a Temporary Tax Number (TTN), or an Individual Tax Number (ITN). If you check box B, you are declaring that the minor does not have a SIN, TTN, or ITN and that the minor was not required to file personal income taxes for any of the past five (5) years.

If you check box A, please provide the most recent 9 digit number that the minor used to file income taxes. Complete the table for the past five (5) taxation year(s), indicating whether the minor was required to file personal income taxes, and whether or not the minor filed personal income taxes.

If it is determined that the minor was required to file income taxes, the taxation year when income taxes were required to be filed, along with an answer as to whether taxes were actually filed should be indicated in the table on the application form. To reiterate, the minor must have filed income taxes, if required to do so under the Income Tax Act, for three (3) of the taxation years that are fully or partially within the five (5) years before applying for citizenship.

Consent to the sharing of the minor’s income tax filing information between IRCC and CRA must be indicated. This information will be used by IRCC to determine if the minor meets the income tax filing requirement of the Citizenship Act.

With consent, we may also use this information, if required, to help determine if the minor meets the physical presence requirements of the Citizenship Act.

Please note that if consent is not provided, the application will be returned as incomplete and will not be processed.

To check the minor’s personal tax information, you may refer to the CRA’s My Account online service.

Question 7J
Complete the Online Physical Presence Calculator for a calculation of the minor’s physical presence in Canada during the relevant period. Attach the signed and dated printout, or the How to Calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407). The person submitting the application on the minor’s behalf must sign the calculator, along with minor applicants aged 14 years and older.
Question 7K
Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. If you check yes for any of the questions, you must complete the Residence outside Canada form (CIT 0177) (PDF, 667.46KB) detailing the minor’s situation. Any supporting documents should also be submitted.
Question 7L

Answer the question by checking yes or no. The following examples may help you answer the question:

Example 1

In the past four (4) years, the minor took one (1) trip to France that lasted 200 days. The answer to the question would be “Yes” and a police certificate from France for the minor would need to be provided.

Example 2

In the past four (4) years, the minor took 10 trips to the United States of America (USA). Each trip lasted three (3) weeks, for a total of 210 days. The answer to the question would be “Yes” and a police certificate from the USA for the minor would need to be provided.

Example 3

In the past four (4) years, the minor spent one year (365 days) studying in Singapore. While studying in Singapore, they took a trip to Malaysia (10 days) and Thailand (10 days). The answer to the question would be “Yes” and you would need to provide a police certificate from Singapore for the minor. You would not need to provide police certificates from Malaysia or Thailand.

Example 4

In the past four (4) years, the minor took one (1) trip to Europe where they visited Portugal (5 days), Spain (7 days), France (10 days), Belgium (3 days), Netherlands (3 days), Germany (21 days), Switzerland (7 days) and Italy (21 days). The minor took a second trip to Europe where they visited Ireland (14 days), Scotland (14 days) and England (21 days). The minor went to Germany on a student exchange program that lasted 60 days.  The total time the minor was outside of Canada was 186 days but they were not in a single country for 183 days or more. The answer to the question would be “No” and you would not need to provide police certificates from any of the countries.

If you checked “YES”, list the names of each country where the minor was present in the space provided below the question. In addition, you must provide police certificates for each country where the minor was present for a total of 183 days or more in the past four (4) years (other than Canada) while the minor was 14 years of age or older.

See Police Certificate section in this guide in “Step 1. Gather Documents”.

If it is not possible to get a police certificate from a country, you can explain in the space below the question.


Section 8

Question 8A-J

Certain conditions outlined in the Citizenship Act may affect a minor’s application for citizenship.  Answer all of the questions by checking yes or no. For any yes responses provide details for the minor, and if applicable, attach court documents.

We do not need to know if a minor has been found guilty of an offence under the Youth Criminal Justice Act if the sentence was a youth sentence and it has successfully been completed.

Note: We check with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons which could prevent the minor from acquiring Canadian citizenship. Also, the minor’s entry to Canada and status will be verified with Immigration officials.

The minor’s fingerprints and/or court documents may be required to ensure that the minor is not prohibited under the Citizenship Act.


Section 9

Question 9A

Check either Yes or No to indicate whether the person applying on the minor’s behalf authorizes IRCC to disclose the minor’s name, residential address, and preferred official language to the minor’s federal Member of Parliament so that he or she can send him or her a letter of congratulations if the minor becomes a Canadian citizen.  If the minor will be seeking a waiver of the signature requirement in Section 12, the minor should check N/A.

Question 9B

Check Yes to authorize the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) to provide the minor’s “history of entries to Canada” to IRCC. By selecting Yes the applicant is also authorizing IRCC to collect the history of the minor’s “entries into Canada” from the CBSA and to use the information provided by the CBSA in order to determine the minor’s citizenship eligibility.

If No is selected, the applicant may be asked to provide additional documents related to the minor later in the process and this  could delay the processing of the  application. Please do not contact the CBSA to request the minor’s “history of entries”.

If the minor will be seeking a waiver of the signature requirement in Section 12, the minor should check N/A.

Question 9C

Subsection 8(1) of the Privacy Act and paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act allows the CRA to provide personal information to IRCC, with the consent of the relevant individuals. This consent is required under paragraph 2(1)(e) of the Citizenship Regulations No. 2.

  1. Check Yes to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of the minor’s tax filing information to IRCC. By selecting Yes the applicant is also authorizing IRCC to collect the minor’s tax filing information from the CRA in order to determine whether the minor meets the income tax requirement for citizenship.
  2. Check Yes to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of the minor’s tax filing information (including income, benefit, and residence information) to IRCC. By selecting Yes the applicant is also authorizing IRCC to collect your tax filing information from the CRA in order to help determine whether the minor meets the physical presence requirement for citizenship.

If the minor will be seeking a waiver of the signature requirement in Section 12, the minor should check N/A.


Section 10

Question 10

Check the box to indicate if a minor under 14 years of age wishes to participate in a citizenship ceremony and take the oath of citizenship.  Minors under 14 years of age are not required to attend a citizenship ceremony to take the oath of citizenship. Generally, citizenship certificates are mailed to the applicant.

Note: Minors aged 14 and over must take the oath of citizenship.


Section 11

Question 11

If the minor appoints an individual, firm or organization as their representative, the applicant must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476). Note that once the minor appoints a representative, we will send all correspondence about the application to them and not to you or the minor.

For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.

Note: The application will be returned if:

  • You or the minor have appointed an individual, firm or organization as the minor’s representative and the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476) was not submitted with the application or the Use of a Representative form  submitted is incomplete.
  • You or the minor appoint a compensated representative who is not:
    • a member of the designated body (consultant who is in good standing of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC);
    • a lawyer or paralegal who is a member in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society or a student-at-law under their supervision; or
    • a notary who is a member in good standing of the Chambre des notaires du Québec or a student-at-law under their supervision.

Section 12

Question 12

The person applying on behalf of the minor (i.e. the person who checked question 1A stating that they have custody of the minor, or are empowered to act on behalf of the minor by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law) must sign the application.  Please sign the application form with the signature you currently use on other official documents.

Minor applicants between the ages of 14 and 17 years of age must also sign the application.

If the minor is requesting a waiver of the requirement for a person with custody of the minor or who is empowered to act on the minor’s behalf to make the application, the minor must check the box under the signature box declaring that they cannot obtain the necessary signature of the person who can make the application, and are therefore requesting a waiver of this requirement.

When this box is checked, we will consider the request and may ask for supporting documents or evidence to support the decision to be taken on the minor’s waiver request.

Please date the application on the date you sign the application form and are ready to submit it to us.  The signatures and dates on the application form must be the same as the signatures and dates used on the online physical presence calculator.

Note: The application will be returned if the form is :

  • not signed and dated,
  • stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before we receive it),
  • post-dated (dated into the future).

The minor must be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship the day before you sign the application form. With respect to the physical presence requirement, we encourage applicants to apply a few days after they have reached the minimum 1095 days requirement to account for any miscalculations of absences or any other aspect that could lower their physical presence total below 1095 days.


Step 3. Pay the fees

Your fees

If more than one member of the family is applying for Canadian citizenship (for example, minor siblings applying together), please pay the fees all together.

Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. You must include the fee payment receipt with this application.

Application (per person) $CAN

Minor (under 18)

Processing fee ($100)

$100

Explanation of fees and refund

This section describes the fees that are required and if they are refundable. All payment must be made in Canadian funds.

Processing Fee

Amount: $100 for each minor applicant.

Non-refundable once processing has begun, regardless of the final decision.

Note: We will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt. If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.


Payment Issues

No fee included or Insufficient Fees

If you do not pay the full fees for your application(s) we will return your application(s). We will only start processing your application after your return it with the correct fees.

blue question mark See section 10 of the IRPR for more information.

Overpayment

If you pay more than the fees needed for your application(s) we will start processing your application, and send you a refund as soon as possible.

Note: You do not have to ask for a refund, it will be done automatically.

Note: If you’re eligible for a refund, we will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt (paper applications). If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.


How to pay the fees for your application

To pay your fees for your application you’ll need:

  • a valid email address;
  • access to a printer (you’ll need to print the receipt), and
  • a credit card or Canadian debit card.

Visit the link below and follow these instructions to pay:

  • Go to Online Payment.
  • Follow the online instructions.
    • At the end, click on the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.
  • Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application.
    • Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.

stop sign hand Do not exit without printing the receipt! The printed receipt is your proof of payment!


If you are sending more than one application

If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.

Note: If you are sending more than one application (for example, family members), and one of the applications is incomplete, all the applications will be returned to you.


Step 4. Mail the application

Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope addressed as shown below:

Affix sufficient postage (top right of the envelope)
Sender (top left of the envelope)
(Your name)
(Your Address)
(Your Postal Code)
Recipient (centre of the envelope)
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
P.O. Box 7000
SYDNEY, NS
B1P 6V6

Courier address:
Case Processing Centre, Sydney
49 Dorchester Street
Sydney, Nova Scotia
B1P 5Z2



Note

Reminders

Make sure to use the document checklist and include it with your application.

Here are some reminders to avoid your application being returned to you :

  • The minor must be eligible for citizenship the day before the applicant (and the minor if over 14 years of age) signs the application.
  • make sure you have answered all questions on the form or have indicated  “N/A” (Not applicable) for any question or section that is not applicable.
  • make sure you sign and date the application. Make sure before you submit the application that it is not stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before we receive it) or post-dated (dated into the future).
  • Make sure you have included the following:
    • photocopies of additional documents (if applicable) such as: biographical and renewal pages of passports and/or travel documents; court documents.
    • photocopies of additional documents (if applicable) such as:  biographical and renewal pages of passports and/or travel documents; court documents.
    • if the minor is 14 years of age or older, original police certificates for each country other than Canada in which the minor was present for at least 183 days or more in the past four (4) years.
    • photocopies of both sides of two (2) pieces of personal identification, one of which must have your photo on it.
    • two (2) photos according to the citizenship application photograph specifications.
    • proof of payment and exact fees.
    • original translations and an affidavit by the translator for any documents that are not in English or French.
  • If you answered yes to question 7K, you have included the Residence outside Canada form (CIT 0177) (PDF, 667.46KB).
  • If the minor has appointed someone to act as their representative, ensure that the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476) has been included.

What happens next?

The citizenship process

The phases below are for routine applications. In some cases, processing may take longer.

Phase – Application Review & File Creation

In cases where the minor has made a waiver request in Section 12 of the application form, The Case Management Branch (CMB) will make a decision on the request.  This decision will determine if the application can continue to be processed.

The Case Processing Centre (CPC) in Sydney makes sure the application:

  • meets the minimum processing requirements;
  • includes all the required documents; and,
  • includes the appropriate fee payment.

If your application is complete, processing starts.

What you receive:

  • Acknowledgement of receipt,

If the application does not meet the initial processing requirements, does not include the appropriate fee payment, or is not complete, it will be returned.

Phase – Decision

  • The CPC sends the application to the IRCC office nearest to your home for further processing. Generally, applications for minors under 14 years of age are processed at the CPC in Sydney.
  • The IRCC office completes the steps necessary for a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge to make a decision on the application.
  • The minor may be asked to come to the IRCC office for a review of the original documents submitted in support of the application, as well as all passports and travel documents relevant to the five (5) year period immediately before the application or since the minor became a permanent resident.

Correspondence you may receive:

  • Notice of a negative decision of the minor’s request to waive the requirement that the application be made by a person with custody/empowered to act on behalf of the minor.
  • Notice to appear for an interview with a citizenship official; and/or
  • Notice to appear for a hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge.

Phase – Ceremony

If the minor meets all the requirements for citizenship, and is 14 years of age or older, the IRCC office will send a notice of the time and place of the citizenship ceremony.

Minors under 14 years of age are not required to attend a citizenship ceremony to take the oath of citizenship therefore generally, citizenship certificates are mailed to the applicant. However, if a minor under 14 years of age wishes to participate in a citizenship ceremony and take the oath of citizenship, please check the box in question 10 on the application form.

What you receive:

  • Notice to appear to take the oath of citizenship,
  • Certificate of Canadian Citizenship received at the ceremony after taking the oath of citizenship.


For more information

Current processing times

You can check current processing times on the Application processing times webpage.




Important information

Updating your contact information

During the application process, you must advise us of any change of address or telephone number. You can do this by going to Change of address or by consulting the Help Centre.

Checking application status

You can check the status of your application online by doing the following:

  1. Go to Check application status on the IRCC website.
  2. Follow the instructions provided.

Note: Your application status will only appear online once the application is received and the initial review by IRCC is completed.

To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the Help Centre on the IRCC website.


Protecting your information

Your personal information:

  • is only available to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you,
  • may be shared, with your consent, with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the purposes of validating your tax filing information; and
  • is not disclosed to anyone else except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act and the Citizenship Regulations.

Note: The legal authority for IRCC to collect income tax information including filing history and the Social Insurance Number (SIN) is provided for in subsection 5(1) of the Citizenship Act, section 26.6 of the Citizenship Regulations and paragraph 2(1)(d) of the Citizenship Regulations No.2. The CRA’s legal authority to disclose income tax information including filing history upon applicant consent is provided for in paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act. Income tax information including filing history provided by the CRA to IRCC may be used to verify a citizenship applicant’s income tax information including filing history for the purpose of assessing their citizenship application against the tax filing requirement of subsection 5(1)(c) of the Citizenship Act. IRCC may, on occasion, send information pertaining to a citizenship application to the CRA in respect of any relevant information related to any discrepancies between the information obtained from the applicant and that provided by the CRA if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the discrepancy is a result of false representation, fraud or concealment of material circumstances made in the course of an application, as well as any personal information, including the SIN, of an applicant that the CRA is authorized to collect for the purpose of the administration of the Income Tax Act. IRCC will not use this information for any other purpose or share it with any other third party.

For more information. You can obtain additional information on the protection of your data by visiting the Help Centre.


Quality Assurance Program

Our quality assurance program randomly chooses applications for a special review. If chosen, we will ask you to attend an interview with an IRCC official to:

  • verify that the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
  • verify that your application has been completed properly.

Note: We will notify you in writing if your application is chosen.


Need help?

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by visiting the Help Centre.

Thank you for your interest in Canadian citizenship.

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