Application for Canadian citizenship – Minors (under 18 years of age) applying under subsection 5(1) – (CIT 0403)


Canada is a country that embodies multiculturalism and diversity and encourages newcomers to achieve their full potential by supporting their integration and active participation in social, cultural, economic and political affairs. We thank you for the commitment you are showing to Canada by applying to become a Canadian citizen!

This form and guide is for Permanent Residents, under 18 years of age, who do not have a Canadian parent or are not applying with their parent or legal guardian and wish to apply to become Canadian citizens on their own.

This is not a legal document. The explanations and definitions are not legal definitions. In case of a discrepancy between the language in this document and the relevant legislation or regulations, the legal text in the legislation and regulations prevails.

For legal information, see the:

This information will help you complete the forms and guide you through the application process.


Accessing help

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by visiting the Help Centre.

To download and open a PDF form, you need to have Adobe reader 10 or higher installed. Mobile devices such as iPads, tablets and mobile phones can’t be used for IRCC forms.

If you are having difficulties downloading the form, visit How do I download and open a PDF form for IRCC’s website? in the Help Centre.

Steps to Canadian Citizenship


Step 1 – Make sure the minor is eligible

To be eligible for a grant of Canadian citizenship, the minor:

  • must be under 18 years of age on the day you sign the application
  • must be a permanent resident (landed immigrant) of Canada
  • must have been physically present in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the 5 years immediately before you apply
  • may need to file personal income taxes for at least 3 years within the 5-year period, if required under the Income Tax Act
  • can’t already have a Canadian parent
  • can’t have any unfulfilled conditions relating to their permanent resident status
  • can’t be under a removal order (asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada)
  • can’t be inadmissible or prohibited on criminal or security grounds

Check to make sure the minor is eligible to apply

The five (5) year eligibility period is only the five (5) years before the date you sign your application.

The five (5) year eligibility period includes the time since the minor became a permanent resident and each day that the minor was physically present in Canada as an authorized temporary resident or protected person before they became a permanent resident, if applicable.

This is the time period you will use in the Physical Presence Calculator.

If the minor is applying at the same time as their parent, or already has a Canadian parent, please use the Application for Canadian citizenship - Minors (under 18 years of age) under subsection 5(2).

Exception to citizenship by birth in Canada

A child born in Canada is not a Canadian at birth if they were born to:

  • a foreign diplomat,
  • a representative or employee in Canada of a foreign government,
  • an employee in the service of a person mentioned above,
  • an officer or employee of a specialized agency of the United Nations or another international organization who is granted diplomatic privileges or immunities.

This does not apply if the other parent was a Canadian citizen or permanent resident at the time of the child’s birth.

Who can submit the application on behalf of the minor?

A person with custody of the minor, or who is empowered to act on the minor’s behalf can submit the application. This can be:

  • a biological parent with legal custody of the minor
  • an adoptive parent with legal custody of the minor
  • a person or agency that can provide court documents confirming custody of the minor
  • a person or agency that can provide an order of permanent guardianship of the minor

Note: A step-parent or grandparent is not considered a parent for citizenship application purposes unless that step-parent or grandparent has legally adopted the minor or has legal custody of the minor.

We will ask for proof that a biological or adoptive parent has custody of or is empowered to act on the minor’s behalf

Waiver of the requirement that a person applies on behalf of the Minor Applicant

The Citizenship Act requires applications for minors (under 18) applying under subsection 5(1) be submitted by:

  • a person who has custody of the minor, or
  • by a person who is empowered to act on behalf of the minor by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law.

In exceptional cases, a minor will not have access to an individual who meets this criteria. The Citizenship Act allows for the minor to apply where the Minister waives this requirement. For us to consider the application, a minor must request a waiver of this requirement. To request a waiver, the minor must check the boxes in sections 1B and 12 of the application form declaring that they cannot obtain the necessary signature of the person who can make the application and are therefore requesting a waiver of this requirement.

The act of checking the boxes is not a confirmation or indication that the waiver request is accepted. We will consider the request. We may ask for supporting documents or evidence to support the request for a waiver and then communicate the decision to the minor or individual, firm or organization appointed by the minor as appropriate.

If the waiver request is not accepted, we will not be able to accept the application for processing without the application being submitted by a person who is eligible to do so. We will return the application to you and refund the application fee.


Possible loss of other citizenship

The minor could lose their present nationality or citizenship if they become a Canadian citizen. If you have any questions about this, please contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country of the minor’s present nationality before applying for Canadian citizenship.


Step 2 – Calculate how long a minor has been in Canada

Use the online calculator to check that a minor meets the requirement for physical presence (time spent in Canada) for Canadian citizenship. Then print the result and include it when you send us the application.

If you cannot use the calculator, fill out our form: How to Calculate Physical Presence form [CIT 0407] (PDF, 1.98 MB). Be sure to carefully check your calculations as any errors can cause delays in processing the application.

You don’t have to sign or date your physical presence calculation (your printout of the Online Physical Presence Calculator or form CIT 0407).

For more information, visit the Physical Presence Frequently Asked Questions.

 You must recalculate your physical presence (opens in a new tab) if we return the application because

Make sure the application form and the calculator printout have the same application date.


Step 3 – Gather documents

Submit the following documents with the application:

a) Application for Canadian Citizenship – Minors (under 18 years of age) applying under subsection 5(1) [CIT 0403] (PDF, 3.0 MB).

b) Original printout of the minor’s Online Physical Presence Calculation or completed How to Calculate Physical Presence form [CIT 0407] (PDF, 1.98 MB).

c) Photocopy of proof you are the person with custody of the minor or are legally empowered to act on the minor’s behalf. You must submit one of the following documents:

  • A birth certificate listing you as the parent;
  • Adoption order;
  • Documents issued by the provincial/territorial courts granting custodial guardianship;
  • order of permanent guardianship

Exception: If the minor is requesting a waiver of the requirement.

d) Passports and travel documents the minor must provide photocopies of the biographical pages of all passport and/or travel documents (valid and cancelled) for the five (5) year eligibility period.

The biographical page means the page that has the minor’s name, photo, passport or travel document number, issue date and expiration date.

Also, provide photocopies of any renewal pages of the passports and travel documents.

  • If the minor does not have any of these documents, please explain in question 7E on the application form
  • If there are any gaps in time between validity periods of the minor’s passports or travel documents during the past five (5) years, explain in question 7F.

e) Photocopy of two (2) pieces of identification, one which must have a photo. Examples include:

  • a copy of the biographical page of the minor’s passport or travel document can be used as one (1) piece of identification;
  • permanent resident card (PR card);
    • A PR card may only be used as personal identification if your second piece of personal identification was issued by the Canadian government.
  • identity card issued by a provincial/territorial/federal government;
  • social services card;
  • a Canadian driver’s licence;
  • a Canadian health insurance card;
  • school identification card;
  • non-government issued identification;
  • foreign identity documents.

Note: If there is information on both sides of the identification document, photocopy both sides.

For a minor under school age, examples of identification you can submit include:

  • a passport page containing the minor’s photo and personal details,
  • a hospital or immunization record.

The following documents are not acceptable as pieces of identification:

  • Social Insurance Number (SIN) card;
  • Bank cards;
  • Credit cards.

f) Two (2) identical citizenship photos

g) Fee Receipt - The application fee of $100.00 per minor paid online.

h) Use of Representative Form (IMM 5476), if applicable.


Minors under 14 years of age:

i) Provide colour photocopies of all pages of passports or travel documents (valid and cancelled) that the minor had in the past 5 years. If the minor does not have these documents or there are gaps in time between travel documents, please explain in question 7E on the application form.

j) School documents/Education records: provide photocopies of all official education records if the minor attended an educational institution in the past 5 years. If the minor was home schooled, submit photocopies of written proof of registration as determined by the respective Ministry of Education in the province or territory where you live. If the minor does not have these documents, please explain in question 7I.


Step 4 – Complete the application form

  • You must answer all the questions on this form unless instructed otherwise
  • Download and fill out the form on a computer.
  • You also have the option to save your form and fill it out later.
  • Read and follow the questions below to help you fill out the form.

Important information: If you are completing this application for a minor under 18 years of age, remember all questions are about the minor.

Question 1

Check the appropriate box to indicate if you are:

  • the person with custody of, or who is empowered to act on behalf of the minor; or;
  • the minor who does not have access to a person eligible to apply on their behalf and will be seeking a waiver of this requirement. The minor will also have to check the appropriate box in Section 19 of the application form.
Question 2

From the list, select the language (English or French) in which you would like to receive your service.

Question 3

Tell us if the minor has any special needs that require accommodation. If yes, select the appropriate accommodation you require in the drop down menu.

Some examples of specials needs are:

  • wheelchair access
  • hearing impaired
  • sight impaired
  • sign language interpretation (for example, deaf individuals may have a sign language interpreter to help with the assessment of “listening and speaking” ability) personal assistance (for example, you will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.)
  • materials in accessible formats (for example, the study guide is available in large print, audio or Braille versions).

If the special need is not listed, please explain in the space provided.

Question 4

You will find the minor’s UCI or client identifier on the following documents:

  • Permanent Resident Card (PR Card)
    • the number next to the photograph
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM5292 or IMM 5688)
    • the number at the top right corner of the document
  • Record of landing (IMM 1000)
    • if there is no client ID number listed, provide the document number located at the bottom right corner that begins with a W followed by 9 digits (Example: W 012 345 678)

The UCI is an eight or ten-digit number.

Question 5
  1. The minor’s full name as shown on their Record of Landing (IMM 1000), Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), or Last Permanent Residence Card (PR Card).
    • Examples of documents are listed above in step 3.
    • If you do not have a given name, leave this field blank. Do not enter “*”, “Not applicable” or “NA”.
    • If the minor's name was shortened (truncated) on the immigration document, it will appear in full length on their citizenship certificate, up to 50 characters for the family name(s) and 50 characters for the given name(s).
  2. If the minor changed their legal name since becoming a Permanent Resident, select “yes” from the menu and provide the required documents listed in Appendixes A: Name Change.
  3. Choose your gender (F-Female, M-Male or X-Another gender).
    • Note: If the gender identifier chosen is F or M, it must match the sex that appears on the passport or travel document you provide with your application. If the gender identifier chosen is X, it should match an equivalent non-binary option
    • If the minor legally changed their gender designation you must submit additional documents. Consult Appendix C: Request for a change of sex or gender identifier form of the Appendix C: Request for a change of sex or gender identifier
  4. Indicate your height (how tall you are), either in centimetres or feet/inches
  5. Indicate your natural eye colour.
  6. Choose your current marital status:
    • Annulled Marriage - This is a marriage that is legally declared invalid. An annulment can also be a declaration by the Catholic Church that the marital union did not have a binding force.
    • Common- Law - This means that you have lived continuously with your partner in a marital-type relationship for a minimum of one year.
    • Divorced - This means that you are officially separated and have legally ended your marriage.
    • Separated - This means that you are married, but are no longer living with your spouse.
    • Married - This means that you and your spouse have had a ceremony that legally binds you to each other. Your marriage must be legally recognized in the country where it was performed and in Canada.
    • Single - This means that you have never been married and are not in a common-law relationship.
    • Widowed - This means that your spouse has died and that you have not re-married or entered into a common-law relationship.
  7. The minor’s date of birth as shown exactly on your Record of Landing (IMM 1000), onfirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), or Last Permanent Residence Card (PR Card).

    • If the minor’s date of birth needs to be corrected, see Appendix B - Date of birth correction.
    • If the minor’s entire date of birth is unknown, please use ‘*’ (star sign or asterisk) to fill in the spaces for the month or day, where applicable.

    Write the minor’s place of birth, including the city/town and country.

    • Note, if the minor’s city, town, or country or territory of birth is indicated in their passport or travel document, please record it as it appears in the document.
Question 6

We need to know if the minor has ever used any other names in order to verify their identity. If you used any other names other than the one being requested in your grant of citizenship application, print them in the chart.

Note: this question is optional, only complete it if it applies to you.

  • Examples: Name at time of birth, name before marriage, previous married names, married name, nick names or any other names you have used.
  • If you do not have a given name, leave this field blank. Do not enter “*”, “Not applicable” or “NA”.
  • You can add or remove rows as you need by pressing the plus sign (+) or minus sign (-) buttons.
  • If you have legally changed your name, see Appendix A – Changing the name on your document.
Question 7

Home address in Canada

  • Apartment (Apt.) or Unit, if it applies to you
  • Street Number (No.)
  • Street Name. Do not abbreviate words (Street, Avenue, Boulevard, Drive etc.) except for directions (NW, SE, W, etc.)
  • City or Town
  • Country or territory
  • Province or State
  • Postal Code
  • District, if it applies to you
    • If the minor is applying for a waiver, correspondence will be sent to them
    • All correspondence will go to this address unless you give us your e-mail address.
    • Indicating an e-mail address will authorize all correspondence, including file and personal information, to be sent to the e-mail address you specify
    • If you wish to authorize the release of information from your application to a representative, indicate their e-mail and mailing address on the IMM5476

Note: Canada Post’s Mail Forwarding Service does not forward parcels and a citizenship application package is considered a parcel. If we need to return your application package to you because it is incomplete, the package will be returned to us instead of being forwarded to the address you have indicated with Canada Post. If your application package is returned to us by Canada Post, it will not be processed.

Mailing address

Select “yes” from the drop down menu to tell us if the address you live at is the same as your mailing address. If “No”, type the following information:

  • P.O. box, if it applies to you
  • Apartment (Apt.) or Unit, if it applies to you
  • Street Number (No.)
  • Street Name. Do not abbreviate words (Street, Avenue, Boulevard, Drive etc.) except for directions (NW, SE, W, etc.)
  • City or Town
  • Country or territory
  • Province or State
  • Postal Code
  • District, if it applies to you.

Phone number(s)

Check the correct box to tell us if your other telephone number is from Canada, the United States or Other (any other country).

Choose the type of telephone:

  • Residence (home)
  • Cellular (cell or mobile)
  • Business (work)

Type your telephone number including the country code, area or regional codes, etc.

If you have an extension number, write it after your phone number under “Ext.”

Note: it is optional to provide an alternative number to reach you

Email address

If you have one, type your e-mail address using a format similar to the following: name@provider.net

Note: Make sure you check your email regularly. Any emails sent to you by IRCC will end in:

  • “@cic.gc.ca”
  • “@canada.ca” or
  • “@international.gc.ca”.

Please add these to your “safe senders” list in your email program and check the junk mail folder in case important emails get filtered. If we find that your email address does not work or no longer exists, we will communicate with you by mail. By giving us your e-mail address, you are hereby authorizing us to send your correspondence, including file and personal information electronically to this address

Question 8

Contact information for the person applying on behalf of the minor

Home address in Canada

  • Apartment (Apt.) or Unit, if it applies to you
  • Street Number (No.)
  • Street Name. Do not abbreviate words (Street, Avenue, Boulevard, Drive etc.) except for directions (NW, SE, W, etc.)
  • City or Town
  • Country or territory
  • Province or State
  • Postal Code
  • District, if it applies to you.
    • Correspondence will be sent to the person applying on behalf of the minor and not the minor directly
    • All correspondence will go to this address unless you give us your e-mail address.
    • Indicating an e-mail address will authorize all correspondence, including file and personal information, to be sent to the e-mail address you specify
    • If you wish to authorize the release of information from your application to a representative, indicate their e-mail and mailing address on the IMM5476

Note: Canada Post’s Mail Forwarding Service does not forward parcels and a citizenship application package is considered a parcel. If we need to return your application package to you because it is incomplete, the package will be returned to us instead of being forwarded to the address you have indicated with Canada Post. If your application package is returned to us by Canada Post, it will not be processed.

Mailing address

Select “yes” from the drop down menu to tell us if the address you live at is the same as your mailing address. If “No”, type the following information:

  • P.O. box, if it applies to you
  • Apartment (Apt.) or Unit, if it applies to you
  • Street Number (No.)
  • Street Name. Do not abbreviate words (Street, Avenue, Boulevard, Drive etc.) except for directions (NW, SE, W, etc.)
  • City or Town
  • Country or territory
  • Province or State
  • Postal Code
  • District, if it applies to you

Phone number(s)

Check the correct box to tell us if your other telephone number is from Canada, the United States or Other (any other country).

Choose the type of telephone:

  • Residence (home)
  • Cellular (cell or mobile)
  • Business (work)

Type your telephone number including the country code, area or regional codes, etc.

If you have an extension number, write it after your phone number under “Ext.”

Email address

If you have one, type your e-mail address using a format similar to the following: name@provider.net

Note: Make sure you check your email regularly. Any emails sent to you by IRCC will end in:

  • “@cic.gc.ca”
  • “@canada.ca” or
  • “@international.gc.ca”

Please add these to your “safe senders” list in your email program and check the junk mail folder in case important emails get filtered. If we find that your email address does not work or no longer exists, we will communicate with you by mail. By giving us your e-mail address, you are hereby authorizing us to send your correspondence, including file and personal information electronically to this address

Question 9

Tell us if someone helped you complete your application package using the drop down menu

If you are appointing an individual, firm or organization as your representative, you must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476) and include it when you send us your application. Once you appoint a representative, all correspondence from us about your application will be sent to the representative and not to you.

For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.

Question 10

Physical Presence and the five (5) year eligibility period

The eligibility period is five (5) years before the date you sign your application. The minimum amount of time you need to be physically present in Canada is 1095 days within the five years immediately before applying.

We encourage applicants to apply with more than the minimum requirement of 1095 days of physical presence, to account for any miscalculations of absences, or any other aspect that could lower the physical presence total below 1095 days.

Note: Is the minor applying too early? If the minor applies before they meet the physical presence requirements, they will not qualify for citizenship. The application will be returned and the minor will have to re-apply later.

You must complete and submit the printout of your Online Physical Presence Calculation. If you have not already completed this step please do so by visiting the Online Physical Presence Calculator.

Note: We strongly encourage you to use the online calculator as it is the most accurate way to check your eligibility. If you are unable to use the Online Physical Presence Calculator, you may complete the How to Calculate Physical Presence form (CIT 0407) (PDF, 1.98 MB).

You don’t have to sign or date your physical presence calculation (your printout of the Online Physical Presence Calculator or form CIT 0407).

You may be able to use some of your time spent in Canada as an authorized temporary resident or protected person towards your physical presence calculation. Each day spent physically in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident within the last five (5) years, will count as one half day, with a maximum of 365 days towards your physical presence.

Temporary resident status includes lawful authorization to enter or remain in Canada as a:

  1. visitor,
  2. student,
  3. worker or,
  4. temporary resident permit holder

Note: If you were issued work or study permits while your refugee claim and/or Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) was being assessed, these documents did not grant you temporary resident status. You can’t claim temporary resident time for those periods.

A protected person is someone who:

  • was found to be in need of protection or a convention refugee by the Immigration and Refugee Board

    or

  • received a positive decision on a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.

If you are claiming time as a Protected Person, the only time allowed is the time from when you received a positive Protected Person decision on your refugee claim or PRRA application until the day before you became a Permanent Resident.

  1. Enter the “To” date from your physical presence calculator. This date is the last day in your eligibility period which is found on the physical presence summary or printout.

Question 2

  1. There are very rare situations that will allow you to count time outside of Canada towards your physical presence calculation. If you resided outside of Canada because either:
    • you; and/or
    • your Canadian citizen or permanent resident spouse or common law partner; or
    • your permanent resident parent

    were employed outside Canada (not as a locally engaged person) in or with:

    • the Canadian Armed Forces
    • the federal public administration
    • the public service of a province or territory

Select yes from the drop down menu, complete the Residence Outside of Canada form [CIT 0177] (PDF, 667.46 KB) and submit any supporting documents requested in that form with your application.

If you have no time to count, select no and continue to the next question without filling out the form CIT0177.

Question 11

Address History

Write all of the minor’s addresses inside and outside of Canada during your 5-year eligibility period, including the postal codes, starting with your current home address. If the minor was residing, working or studying outside Canada, you must list all of your foreign addresses, including the country postal or mailing codes. Press the plus (+) button if you need more space. You don’t need to include addresses of family, friends, hotels or resorts where you stayed while on vacation.

Provide information that covers the 5-year eligibility period. Do not leave any gaps during this period and do not leave this section blank. If you do, your application will be returned to you as incomplete.

Note: If the minor was not alive during part of their eligibility period, use their date of birth as the start of their eligibility period.

Question 12

Tell us if the minor has had immigration, permanent resident status and/or citizenship in any other country outside of Canada (e.g. your country of birth)

  • Check either yes or no.
  • If you check yes, complete the chart.
  • Tell us which countries you have held status in, and exactly what status you held or currently hold (Citizen, permanent resident, visitor, worker, student, protected person, refugee claimant)
  • Date you obtained each status(YYYY-MM-DD)
  • End date if no longer valid, if applicable (YYYY-MM-DD). Leave blank if you currently hold this status
Question 13
  1. Select “Yes” or “No” to indicate if the minor has attending an educational institutional or participated in English/French language training for this five (5) year eligibility period.

    If the minor is under 14 years of age on the date you sign the application, please submit photocopies of official education record(s) in which the minor attended an educational institution in the past 5 years.

    Official education records are:

    • Report cards
    • Transcripts
    • Attendance records

    Note: Student identification cards and letters from institutions, teachers or principals are not accepted as official education records.

    Home schooling: If the minor was home schooled in the past 5 years, submit photocopies of written proof of registration as determined by the respective Ministry of Education in the province or territory where you live.

    If no, explain why these documents are not in your possession in the space provided.

    Note: Minors 14 years of age and over on the date you sign the application are not required to submit education records upfront with the application

  2. Select “Yes” or “No” to indicate if you have all of the required photocopies of official education records.

  3. Tell us what you have been doing during the five (5) year eligibility period. You must list all your work and study history including English/French language training inside or outside Canada for the five (5) year eligibility period. Press the (+) plus button if you need more space.

    • If you were not working because you were studying, unemployed, retired, a caregiver, homemaker or volunteering for any part of this time, provide that information, including the location.
    • If you were self-employed, you must provide details of your self-employment.
    • If you have multiple occupations/activities that are present, type “present” instead of putting a date.

    You must provide information that covers the five (5) year eligibility period, being sure to account for each month.

    Do not leave any gaps during this period and do not leave this section blank. If you do, your application will be returned to you

    Note: If the minor was not alive during part of their eligibility period, use their date of birth as the start of their eligibility period

Question 14

Income tax information

To determine if the minor was required, under the Income Tax Act, to file income taxes, please refer to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) information on Newcomers to Canada (immigrants). To check the minor’s personal tax information, you may refer to the CRA’s My Account online service.

  1. If you have one, provide the 9-digit number for your
  2. In the chart, tell us about your income tax filing for the last 5 years.
    • Under the Required to file column
    • Under the Taxes filed column
      • check “Yes” if you filed a tax return that year
      • check “No” if you didn’t file a tax return that year

    Note: The tax years are auto generated once you enter your eligibility period in question 9. Additionally, you need to complete this chart in full even if you didn’t live in Canada for part of your 5 year eligibility period.

  3. Select “Yes” to authorize the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to provide details of the minor’s tax filing information (including income, benefit, and residence information) to IRCC. By selecting “Yes” you are also authorizing IRCC to collect the minor’s tax filing information from the CRA to help determine whether the minor meets the income tax requirement and physical presence requirement for citizenship as well as to examine the minor’s tax information in activities to support quality assurance and integrity in the citizenship program.

Please note that if consent is not provided, the application will be returned as incomplete and will not be processed.

Question 15

Tell us if the minor held travel documents and/or passports during their five (5) year eligibility period by checking the appropriate box Check either yes or no.

  • If you check yes, complete the chart
    • Type your valid passport or travel document number exactly as shown on the document. Make sure there is no space between each number or letter.
    • Select the name of the country or territory that issued your passport or travel document (issuing authority)
    • the place (city or town) the document was issued
    • the date the document was issued
    • the expiry date of the document. Leave blank if there is no expiry date.

Note: Please submit COLOUR photocopies of ALL PAGES of passports or travel documents held during the five (5) year eligibility period or since the minor became a permanent resident if this happened less than five years ago

If the minor does not have a travel document or passport that was/is valid during their five (5) year eligibility period or there are gaps of time between the validity of any passports or travel documents, explain why in the space provided.

Question 16

Certain conditions outlined in the Citizenship Act may affect a minor’s application for citizenship. Answer all of the questions by selecting yes or no. For any yes responses provide details for the minor.

IRCC does not need to know if a minor has been found guilty of an offence under the Youth Criminal Justice Act if the sentence was a youth sentence and it has successfully been completed.

Note: IRCC checks with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons which could prevent the minor from acquiring Canadian citizenship. Also, the minor’s entry to Canada and status will be verified with Immigration officials.

The minor’s fingerprints and/or court documents may be required to ensure that the minor is not prohibited under the Citizenship Act. Please do not include fingerprints and/or court documents in the application. If needed, a separate request will be sent by IRCC. The minor may also need to attend an in-person interview. If you receive a notice to appear, both you and the minor must attend the interview.

warning: The minors’ citizenship can be taken away (revoked) if, at the time they take the oath (required if 14 years of age or older), you or the minor knows that any of the above prohibitions apply to the minor.

Question 17

Select “yes” if you authorize IRCC to provide your personal information to your federal Member of Parliament (MP).

Select either Yes or No to indicate if the person applying on behalf of the minor authorizes IRCC to disclose the minor’s name, residential address, and preferred official language to the minor’s federal Member of Parliament so that a letter of congratulations can be sent if the minor becomes a Canadian citizen. No other information will be forwarded.

Question 18

Select the box to indicate if a minor under 14 years of age wishes to participate in a citizenship ceremony and take the oath of citizenship. Minors under 14 years of age are not required to attend a citizenship ceremony to take the oath of citizenship. Generally, citizenship certificates are mailed to the applicant.

Note: Minors aged 14 and over must take the oath of citizenship.

Question 19

Signatures

The person applying on behalf of the minor (i.e. the person who checked question 1 stating that they have custody of the minor, or are empowered to act on behalf of the minor by virtue of a court order or written agreement or by operation of law) must sign the application. Please sign the application form with the signature you currently use on other official documents.

Minor applicants between the ages of 14 and 17 years of age must also sign the application.

If the minor is requesting a waiver of the requirement for a person with custody of the minor or who is empowered to act on the minor’s behalf to make the application, the minor must check the box under the signature box declaring that they cannot obtain the necessary signature of the person who can make the application, and are therefore requesting a waiver of this requirement.

When this box is checked, we will consider the request and may ask for supporting documents or evidence to support the decision to be taken on the minor’s waiver request.

  • Type the city where you applying from
  • Type the date you will sign the application. The date you sign the application must be the same date as the application date in the printout of your Online Physical Presence Calculator.

Print and provide a handwritten signature.

Note: Your application will be returned to you if it is:

  • not signed and dated
  • dated more than 90 days before we receive it
  • post-dated (dated into the future)

Make sure that the date of signature on the application and the application date on the physical presence calculator printout are the same.

The minor must be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship the day before you sign the application form.

Once the application is completed, click on the “Validate” button located at the top or bottom of the form. This will generate a barcode page– see image below. If this application form is completed on a computer and printed, you must place the barcode page on the top of your application (or if applying as a group, each individual application package).

Code à barres

Note: This barcode page will not appear if you fill out your application by hands


Note


Citizenship photos

You must:

  • provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs;
  • print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo;
  • follow the steps explained on the form; and
  • not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application.

Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.

Translation of documents

You must submit the following for any document that is not in English or French, unless otherwise stated on your document checklist:

  • the English or French translation; and
  • an affidavit from the person who completed the translation (if they’re not a certified translator); and
  • a certified copy of the original document.

small exclamation warning signImportant information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by an applicant’s parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew or first cousin.

If the translation is not done by a certified translator (a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial association of translators and interpreters in Canada), you must submit an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator.

An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country where the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document.

Translators who are certified in Canada don’t need to supply an affidavit.

The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside of Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.


Congratulations

You have completed your application form for a minor grant of Canadian citizenship.

Family applications: If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship, even if they are using different types of citizenship application forms, send all the applications together in one envelope. The applications will be processed together. We will try to schedule the family members together for the ceremony, but sometimes, it may not be possible.

Step 5 – Pay the fees

You must pay your fees online. If you have forgotten your password for the online payment system, please visit How do I reset my password for the online payment system in the Help Centre

The fee is $100 for each applicant under 18 years of age applying for Canadian citizenship.

Calculating your fees

If more than one member of the family is applying for Canadian citizenship (for example, minor siblings applying together), please pay the fees all together.

Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. After you pay, print the receipt and include it with your application.

Application (per person) $CAN

Minor (under 18)

Processing fee ($100)

$100

Explanation of fees and refund

This section describes the fees that are required and if they are refundable. All payment must be made in Canadian funds.

Processing Fee

Amount: $100 for each minor applicant.

You cannot get a refund of your processing fee once we start processing your application, even if you are refused.

If you’re sending more than one application

If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. If you do provide one receipt, you must send that receipt along with all of the applications together in one envelope so that they can be processed at the same time.

Note: If you’re sending more than one application (for example, family members), and one of the applications is incomplete, all the applications will be returned to you.

Payment Issues

No fee included or Insufficient Fees

If you do not pay the full fees for your application(s) we will return your application(s). We will only start processing your application after you return it with the correct fees.

blue question mark For immigration applications, see section 10 of the IRPR and for citizenship applications, see section 13 of the Citizenship Act for more information.


Overpayment

If you pay more than the fees needed for your application(s) we will start processing your application, and send you a refund as soon as possible.

Note: You don’t have to ask for a refund. It will be done automatically.

Note: If you’re eligible for a refund, we will issue the refund to the person indicated on the Payer Information section of the receipt (paper applications). If there is no name indicated on the receipt, we will send the refund to the applicant.


How to pay the fees for your application

To pay your fees for your application you’ll need:

  • a valid email address;
  • access to a printer (you’ll need to print the receipt), and
  • a credit card or Canadian debit card.

Visit the link below and follow these instructions to pay:

  • Go to Online Payment.
  • Follow the online instructions.
    • At the end, click on the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.
  • Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application.
    • Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.

stop sign hand Do not exit without printing the receipt! The printed receipt is your proof of payment!


Step 6 – Submit your application

Send your completed application to:

Regular Mail Address
Case Processing Centre-Sydney
P.O. Box 7000
SYDNEY, NS
B1P 6V6

Courier Address
Case Processing Centre-Sydney
49 Dorchester Street
Sydney, Nova Scotia
B1P 5Z2

Include all family members’ (including siblings) applications in the same envelope as your application.


Step 7 – Processing your application

Phase – Application review and file creation

In cases where a minor has made a waiver request in Section 12 of the application form, The Case Management Branch will make a decision on the request. This decision will determine if the application can continue to be processed.

The Case Processing Centre in Sydney makes sure the application

  • meets the minimum processing requirements
  • includes all the required documents, and
  • has paid the right fee

You will get:

  • acknowledgement of receipt (by mail or email)
  • correspondence asking for more information (in some cases)

Your application will be returned if:

  • it doesn’t meet the minimum processing requirements
  • doesn’t include the correct fee payment
  • isn’t complete

We’ll send you a letter that explains why your application is incomplete and what the next steps are.

The letter will tell you

Be sure to check the Document Checklist [CIT 0560] (PDF, 761.51KB). Once you get the information we ask for in the letter, resubmit your complete application.

Processing starts once we receive a completed application.

Phase – Decision

  • The application is sent to the IRCC office nearest to your home for further processing. Generally, applications for minors under 14 years of age are processed at the CPC in Sydney.
  • The IRCC office completes the steps necessary for a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge to make a decision on the application.
  • The applicant and person applying on their behalf may be asked to come to the IRCC office for an interview to:
    • Review the original documents submitted in support of the application,
    • all passports and travel documents for the five (5) year eligibility period or since the minor became a permanent resident.
  • The minor and the authorized person who applied on their behalf must both attend the interview if invited by the IRCC office.

Correspondence you may receive:

  • Notice to appear to take the oath of citizenship;
  • Certificate of Canadian Citizenship received at the ceremony after taking the oath of citizenship;
  • Notice of a negative decision of the minor’s request to waive the requirement that the application be made by a person with custody/empowered to act on behalf of the minor;
  • Notice to appear for an interview with a citizenship official; and/or,
  • Notice to appear for a hearing with a citizenship officer or a citizenship judge.

Quality Assurance Program

Our quality assurance program randomly chooses applications for a special review. If chosen, we will ask you to attend an interview with an IRCC official to:

  • verify that the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
  • verify that your application has been completed properly.

Note: We will notify you in writing if your application is chosen.


Note: The minor and the authorized person who applied on their behalf must both attend the interview.


Step 8 – Ceremony

If, up until this point, the minor meets all the requirements for citizenship, and is 14 years of age or older, the final requirement is to take the oath of citizenship to become a Canadian citizen!

Minors 14 years of age and older will receive a Notice to Appear with the location and time to attend a citizenship ceremony and take the oath of citizenship before a citizenship judge or presiding official. Once the oath is taken, the minor will receive their Certificate of Canadian Citizenship.

Minors under 14 years of age are not required to attend a citizenship ceremony to take the oath of citizenship and as long as they meet all the requirements a citizenship certificates are mailed to the applicant. However, if a minor under 14 years of age wishes to participate in a citizenship ceremony and take the oath of citizenship, please check the box in question 10 on the application form.


For more information

Current processing times

You can check current processing times on the Application processing times webpage.



Important information

Updating your contact information

While your application is in process, you must tell us if you change your address, email address, or telephone number. Use the Change your address tool to give us your new contact information.

Checking application status

You can check the status of the minor’s application online. The status will only appear online once we receive and have accepted the minor’s application into processing.

Find out how to remove the minor's application status information from the Internet.


Protecting your information

Your personal information:

  • is only available to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it in order to provide the services to you,
  • may be shared, with your consent, with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) for the purposes of validating your tax filing information; and
  • is not disclosed to anyone else except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act and the Citizenship Regulations.

Note: The legal authority for IRCC to collect income tax information including filing history and the Social Insurance Number (SIN) is provided for in subsection 5(1) of the Citizenship Act, section 26.6 of the Citizenship Regulations and paragraph 2(1)(d) of the Citizenship Regulations No.2. The CRA’s legal authority to disclose income tax information including filing history upon applicant consent is provided for in paragraph 241(5)(b) of the Income Tax Act. Income tax information including filing history provided by the CRA to IRCC may be used to verify a citizenship applicant’s income tax information including filing history for the purpose of assessing their citizenship application against the tax filing requirement of subsection 5(1)(c) of the Citizenship Act. IRCC may, on occasion, send information pertaining to a citizenship application to the CRA in respect of any relevant information related to any discrepancies between the information obtained from the applicant and that provided by the CRA if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the discrepancy is a result of false representation, fraud or concealment of material circumstances made in the course of an application, as well as any personal information, including the SIN, of an applicant that the CRA is authorized to collect for the purpose of the administration of the Income Tax Act. IRCC will not use this information for any other purpose or share it with any other third party.

For more information. You can obtain additional information on the protection of your data by visiting the Help Centre.


Appendix A – Name change

Appendix B – Date of birth correction

The date of birth on your citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on your immigration document unless you:

  • have corrected your date of birth on your immigration document; or,
  • have legally changed it after arriving in Canada; or,
  • are requesting a different date of birth for your citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.

If your date of birth has been corrected on your immigration document

then you must provide a copy of

  • an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
  • your new corrected Permanent Resident Card (if you have one).

If you have legally changed your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order

then you must provide a copy of

If you did not change your date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order and your date of birth has not been corrected on your immigration document

then you must provide a copy of

Important information:You cannot request a change in your date of birth after your application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the date of birth requested, the citizenship certificate will reflect the date of birth indicated on your immigration document.

Important information: If you do not have a provincial/territorial court order changing your date of birth, you must first request an amendment to your immigration document before requesting a different date of birth on your citizenship certificate.

 For more information. For information on amending your immigration document refer to the guide Request to Amend Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218).

Appendix C – Gender Change

If you need to change the gender on your citizenship certificate or would like to use a different gender than the one on your immigration document, complete and submit the Request form for a Change of Sex or Gender Identifier [CIT 0404] (PDF, 1.52 MB) with your application.

Need help?

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by visiting the Help Centre.

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